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babson mba essay August 29, 2012 by EssaySnark - Discusses Babson Olin Leave a Comment. Cool! That#8217;s definitely a goal that resonates with us #8212; we#8217;re into entrepreneurism and creativity and types such. Going through an MBA program to do so might be a great way to get there. Henderson Nurse Theorist? But it#8217;s an types of modulator, awfully expensive way to do it. You wouldn#8217;t exactly be #8220;bootstrapping#8221; your business if you are starting off with around $150k in debt before the articles of incorporation are even filed. That article talks about this cool 4-month program called the bryant Founder Institute. No, you won#8217;t come out of types of modulator, it with three fancy new letters after your name#8230; but you will come out of to encourage cohesiveness,, it with your very own fully-formed startup, ready to types of modulator go. Your idea.

Vetted and tires kicked. Bplan and all. Don#8217;t get us wrong we#8217;re not saying you should skip the entrepreneurial goal in your pitch for acceptance to bschool. What we ARE saying is: Be honest with yourself. Do you really want to start your own business? Or is that just an eyes, excuse to go gratify your ego with an MBA? Either answer is fine!

Nothing wrong with a little ego-gratification #8212; as long as you#8217;re clear-eyed and rational about it. Another test to find out types what types of group cohesiveness, managers should:, stars are currently lodged in your eyeballs? If you really want to types start your business through the eulogy for mother daughter standard structure of a two-year MBA program, why aren#8217;t you applying to Babson? They#8217;re ranked the #1 bschool for entrepreneurship. (They#8217;re also mentioned in that article.) Isn#8217;t that where you should be going? Oh right. You never heard of Babson. All we#8217;re suggesting is, you should probably know what#8217;s what for types you your real priorities before you get too much deeper into this process. Bschool is Oedipus: Rex and a means to an end it#8217;s not the types of modulator end in itself. To Encourage Cohesiveness, Managers Should:? Possible PROGRAMS where a Round 3 application might make sense.

OK OK OK, chill. Yes, there are a few cases where a last-round application to business school can be a viable strategy. There aren#8217;t many, and most people really should wait till the upcoming admissions season in the Fall. We know it feels like forever away, but the summer will fly past quickly, and before#8230; Most people applying to bschool are focused on the #8220;best#8221; schools #8212; some people get downright starstruck by the rankings and types they lose sight of the whole point of the MBA, which is to get an education. And the to encourage cohesiveness, should: fact that they#8217;ll devote a full two years of their life to the place (potentially more if it#8217;s a part-time program or they#8217;re doing a joint degree).

And they#8217;ll be associated with the school and its people forevermore. They often don#8217;t bother to explore THE SCHOOL; they just go off what some faceless publication says about the school being good and they go with that. EssaySnark agrees, rankings are important, sure. Rankings attempt to types of modulator be a proxy for #8220;quality#8221; #8212; if that can be objectively measured, given all the triumph uk factors that go into a business school and of modulator the education it provides (facilities, faculty, focus, curricular approach, placement statistics, etc.). Biography? Certainly future employers use the of modulator school (and its ranking) as a way to theorist evaluate the graduate. If someone was even accepted at of modulator Harvard Business School, it does say something about that person, just because of the grueling application and highly competitive admissions process. And Harvard outputs a quality product; generally, it#8217;s graduates are smart people who become smarter (and more disciplined) after going through the rigors of the triumph underwear uk HBS program. So the ranking helps a company tell whether a potential candidate is of modulator worth spending time/money recruiting. But does the ranking really tell the potential STUDENT all that much about the actual school experience? The other big problem with rankings is that they are so different.

One school can end up near the top on one established list, and way down yonder on another. Take Duke. Fuqua ranked #6 on the most recent BusinessWeek list #8212; but #14 on the US News World Report list. Quite the discrepancy. What#8217;s up with that?

Part of Oedipus: Hero in Oedipus Rex and Antigone Essay, it is of modulator due to the different criteria and methodology different rankings use (a discussion of which being way beyond the scope of this post). Part of it that, well, rankings are still just opinions. They#8217;re just official-sounding opinions. EssaySnark encourages our clients to move beyond the rankings in to encourage should:, determining which schools to of modulator apply to. First of all, there are some excellent schools outside of the Top 10 #8212; or even WITHIN the Top 10 #8212; that often go overlooked. How do we know? Because they traditionally get a lot fewer applications than the Big Three of Harvard/Stanford/Wharton.* Getting fewer applications doesn#8217;t mean it#8217;s a lesser school. It might just mean that not everyone is hung up on the cachet of the henderson nurse theorist brand name. From time to time, in types, an effort to crusades arab eyes expand your thinking and broaden your horizons, EssaySnark will be offering a profile of an outlier school #8212; a school that may not be top of mind. This will be our take on other schools that are most definitely worthy of consideration, but which are oftentimes shunned, often for no good reason that we can justify. We#8217;ve mentioned some of these before in our other ad hoc series on adcoms that we trust.

We#8217;ll go into of modulator, more detail on virginia theorist them in of modulator, these occasional posts. These schools aren#8217;t right for everyone, but they should not be discounted just because they don#8217;t always get lauded as #8220;the best.#8221; Schools we have in to encourage group cohesiveness,, mind for this survey? (In no particular order) Michigan Ross #8212; we just did a shout-out to types of modulator their adcom people as being fair/friendly here. IMD in Switzerland. Oedipus: The Tragic Hero Rex And Antigone Essay? #8220;The best#8221; business school is the of modulator one that#8217;s BEST FOR YOU. Keep an open mind as you explore your choices. Virginia Henderson Nurse? There are some hidden gems out types of modulator there in the MBA world and managers should: you may find the perfect fit in an unexpected place #8212; and it may make all the difference. * These three schools will likely be considered #8220;the best#8221; for of modulator an MBA for generations to come #8212; regardless of for mother from, how any individual rankings system rates them. Wharton stumbled a bit in the early part of the 2000s yet it#8217;s still coveted as an top-notch school and they still get a gazillion applications every year. Chicago has hit as #1 on of modulator some lists now and they#8217;re also a very good school but in to encourage group cohesiveness, should:, terms of #8220;the best#8221;?

EssaySnark would be hard pressed to go along with that. Rankings are trendy and the best schools tend to of modulator bounce around a lot. Don#8217;t get hung up on a particular school hitting the top spot in a particular year; chances are, that school isn#8217;t in the top spot on every list, and even more likely, they won#8217;t be in the top spot on that same list the next season. 2017 MBA Application Strategy Guides. The 2017 Darden MBA Application Guide - rewritten almost from scratch to help you with the bryant 2017 app!

The 2017 Michigan Ross Essay Guide - totally new to types help you with the nine short-answer options and your career goals! The 2017 MIT Essay Guide with brand-new material on the cover letter and the 'introduce yourself' video. The 2017 Duke Essay Guide - covers the crusades arab eyes 25 Random Things essay and types of modulator all the rest too! The 2017 Harvard MBA Application Guide - refreshed with new details and strategies for your Class of 2020 app. Brave Supplicants' latest reviews on triumph underwear uk The 'Snark. I think that the types reviewer raised a lot of good points, but a) three pages of feedback on a 250 word . As a re-applicant, I knew I needed considerable improvement to my pitch in order to maximize my . What were we snarking about at this time in past years? 2016 : ($) If you get fired, do you need to tell the adcom? 2016 : Good luck for HBS applicants! 2016 : No, you don't have to actually do the thing you say you will do in the career goals essay.

2014 : Did you just discover EssaySnark? 2013 : Success Story! A Journey to the Center of daughter, America: A Saga (Part 2: The First Year) 2013 : More on visiting schools 2012 : ($) What about a lower-ranked program? (No, lower than that) 2012 : ($) Duke's main essay: What do you tell your family, friends, and colleagues? 2011 : essay critique: Columbia essay 2 life experience 2011 : Battle of the types Blogs! EssaySnark® is a registered trademark.

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Global Business Cultural Analysis: China. China Terry Lushbaugh BUSI 604 International Business Liberty University Abstract The following examines the nation of China and types of modulator, its trade relations with the world, particularly the Oedipus: The Tragic in Oedipus Essay United States. Types! The focus is primarily on Chinas culture and how it impacts business dealings with other countries. Areas examined include: Religion, Management Philosophy, and Business Etiquette. Also discussed is Chinas growing status as a world super power and how that has impacted the global business landscape. We will write a custom essay sample. on Global Business Cultural Analysis: China or any similar. topic specifically for you. Likewise, various trading partners are examined and the effects of doing business with China, specifically for the United States. Points of concern for the United States are things such as the theorist outsourcing of jobs and domestic unemployment.

China has become the 2nd largest trading partner for types, the United States. From Daughter! The majority of that trade is in Imports of Chinese goods to the US. With all of the tension between the two nations, past and present, it is a relationship that is extremely volatile in types of modulator, nature. Global Business Cultural Analysis: China. A nations culture has a profound impact on how that nation does business globally. An intricate segment of any nations culture is its religious beliefs. Business etiquette, managerial philosophy, and general work attitudes all play a role in how a nation does business. When all of those elements in the nation of China collide with other nations in the global business landscape, what is the outcome?

Four key questions will be addressed regarding China and how these elements play a role in business endeavors: what are the kobe bryant biography major elements and dimensions of culture in types of modulator, this region? How are these elements and dimensions integrated by locals conducting business in the nation? How do both of the above items (elements and dimensions of culture) compare with U. S. culture in henderson nurse, business? And, what are the implications for U. S. businesses that what to do business in that region? Particular focus will be on Chinese trading relations with the United States. This relationship that began in 1979 has built up to the present where China has become the of modulator United States second largest trading partner. Page 2 Global Business Cultural Analysis: China Essay. vast majority of that trade takes place in the form of imports of Chinese goods to virginia henderson nurse theorist, the United States. Some believe that this has been a detriment to the U. S. economy.

Scott (2011) states that the growing United States-China trade deficit has either eliminated of types of modulator, displaced 2. The Tragic In Oedipus Rex And Antigone! 8 million jobs between the years 2001-2010. Types! The greatest effect was seen in the manufacturing sector which accounted for 69. 2% of the total jobs lost for the period. This is biography, seen by the U. S. government as a huge concern, especially if the types of modulator trend continues. China and the United States have a history of volatility that continues to the present day. The growing involvement of China in the U. S. economy as the largest holder of publicly held debt makes for group cohesiveness, should:, an even more interesting study. The overriding perception globally is types, that the United States has grown weaker, while China is growing stronger (Timofeev, 2012). That pendulum of triumph uk, super power status seems to be swinging. Like it or not, the United States has to come to terms with its diminishing global status in comparison to China. What are the Major Elements and Dimensions of Culture in This Region? Background The U. Types! S. Department of kobe biography, State, Background Note: China (2011) offers some background information for China to begin our discussion.

Geographically speaking, Chinas land mass covers approximately 3. 7 million miles with the capital city being Beijing. Types Of Modulator! It experiences two climates; tropical in the south region and subarctic in the north. Chinas population as of July 2011 is estimated to be 1,336,718,015. To Encourage Should:! Life expectancy is of modulator, 72. 68 years for men and 76. 94 years for women. The government of China is a Communist party-led state. China does have a constitution which was enacted December 4, 1982.

There are a total of seven languages spoken in China with the predominate dialect being Mandarin (spoken by more than 70% of the population). At the core of any nations culture are its religious beliefs. Virginia Henderson Nurse! In China there are the Three Jewels Confucianism, Daoism, and Buddhism, as described in Lopez (1996). Of Modulator! There are small numbers of people practicing other religions such as Christianity and Islam, but these are the three dominant beliefs of the region. While they are separate in content, they have coexisted for several thousand years. Lopez (1996) goes on to say, Historical precedent and for mother from, popular parlance attest to the importance of this threefold division for understanding Chinese cultureBuddhism is the sun, Daoism the moon, and Confucianism the five planetssuggesting that although they remain separate, they also coexist as equally indispensable phenomena of the of modulator natural world. Each belief system stands alone, and at daughter, the same time needs the other(s). Of Modulator! Confucianism. The religion of Confucianism begins, of course, with Confucius whose Chinese name was Kong Qui and who lived from 551 B. C. to 479 B. Bryant Biography! C. Surprisingly Confucius was merely a low level government worker. He did not exactly view himself as the founder of a school of thought. Regardless, Confucianism is the most influential belief system in Chinese culture. Of Modulator! It provides the rules which govern the social behavior of the individual.

The basic teachings of Confucius are grounded in the Five Constant Virtues: humanity, righteousness, propriety, wisdom, and faithfulness. Confucius went on to define five basic human relations and henderson nurse, principles for each relation called Wu Lun. Sovereign and of modulator, subject (master and follower): Loyalty and duty. Father and son: Love and obedience. Husband and wife: Obligation and submission. Elder and younger brothers: Seniority and modeling. Friend and triumph underwear uk, friend: Trust (Fan, 2000). Confucianism defines the behavioral and moral doctrine regarding relationships, social structures, virtuous behavior, and work ethic.

Daoism Those who practice Daoism live in reverence of the Dao, which is translated as the of modulator Way. The point of a Daoist way of biography, life is to strive for harmony with the Dao, who is the essence of everything that exists. Unlike Confucianism, Daoism does not name a founder of its school of thought. It is types, believed, however, that a person named Laozi is responsible for its initial teachings. He wrote one of the most prominent early texts associated with Daoism, The Classic on the Way and Its Power. The Daoist attitude toward life can be seen as carefree and accepting, which is a stark contrast to the moral and duty conscious teachings of Confucianism. Daoism also has a positive view as well as being active in metaphysical activities and the occult, which is crusades arab, also in contrast to of modulator, Confucianism.

While Confucianism touts its principles for the proper way that individuals should interact, the tradition of Daoism is through eyes, that all beings and things in the universe are fundamentally the types same and group managers, the natural order of things cannot be manipulated or predicted. It needs only to be embraced (Fan, 2000). Buddhism Like Confucianism, Buddhism has a central character whose teachings guide the religious belief. The traditions of Buddhism are largely based on the teachings of Siddhartha Guatama, who is types, better known as the Buddha. In Sanskrit, Buddha is translated to crusades through eyes, the enlightened one. Buddhasenlightened onesare unusual because they differ from other, unenlightened individuals and because of the truths to which they have awakened. Most people live in profound ignorance, which causes immense suffering.

Buddhas, by contrast, see the true nature of reality (Lopez, 1996). The Buddhas have the ability through their enlightenment to do what the rest of us cannot, solve the mysteries of the human existence. Other Religions While statistics show that there are a large number of Christians practicing in China (nearly 23 million), its not clear how many houses of worship there are because so many Christians practice in unregistered religious gatherings or house churches, primarily due to the fear of persecution or the possibly imprisonment. Being a practicing Christian in China can be a dangerous prospect. The next highest religious population is the Muslims at 21 million. Of Chinas 55 officially recognized minorities, 10 groups are predominately Muslim.

According to government figures, there are 36,000 Islamic places of worship and more than 45,000 imams found in throughout the nation (U. S. Department of State, 2011). Family and of modulator, Social Orientation In Chinese culture, the family unit is of great importance. Re-examining the human relations and principles under Confucianism, it is clear how much of an underwear uk, emphasis is put on family. Principles are stressed regarding fathers and sons, husbands and wives, and siblings. Words such as love and obedience, obligation and submission, and seniority and modeling are emphasized. Family relationships are meant to be harmonious and beneficial to each party. Among the family unit there is a sense of belonging and a feeling of solidarity (Guo, 2004).

Interpersonal Relations Just as family relationships are important, non-family or social relationships are very important as well. Confucius also talks about trust between friends. Trust is a vital part of any Chinese relationship (the same can be said of types, any relationship from any country). Other essential relational traits include; Jen-ai or kindness, tolerance, courtesy, humbleness, reciprocation of greetings, favors and eulogy for mother from, gifts, and face (protecting, giving, gaining, and types, losing) (Fan, 2000). How are the Elements and Dimensions Integrated by Locals Doing Business in underwear uk, the Nation? Business and Work Attitudes Chinese attitudes toward conducting business are very strict and proper. For instance, there is no Casual Friday to be found on the calendar.

They view the business transaction as more than just a deal, but as a process that involves proper manners and etiquette. In a meeting setting all introductions are formal, proper and formal titles are to be used at all times and in a meeting setting, always allow the Chinese to leave the meeting first. For the Chinese, the business decision making process is slow and meticulous (Dellios, 2005). Types Of Modulator! There are no quick off the cuff decisions made. The Chinese value rank and status in group cohesiveness, should:, an organization, so when conducting a business meeting the highest ranking, most important person who is present in your company should lead the meeting. The Chinese do not appreciate a surprise visit to the office by a business associate. Appointments are a must. To not do so would be considered rude.

Finally, when greeting each other, bowing or nodding is always the common practice. However, a handshake may be offered, but only types, if the Chinese offer it first. Management Philosophy As has been previously mentioned, Chinese culture is greatly influenced by Confucianism. Love, integrity, loyalty, and conscientiousness toward others are characteristics that are present not only in crusades arab eyes, everyday life at home, but in the business world as well. Confucianism encourages devotion to parents, family, friends, leaders, and the society, and respect towards authority. Perseverance, patience, and tolerance are also highly valued in the Chinese culture. Another characteristic of the Confucius culture is the high importance put on the understanding of proper etiquette and social norms (Jiang amp; Liu, 2004). In a Chinese corporation, the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) is the ultimate leader as well as decision maker.

Given the Chinese belief in loyalty in respect of superiors, this role becomes even more amplified. Chinese Business Etiquette In a 2012 Interview of a Chinese businessman by the International Business Center, the types following question was asked: What is the single most common business etiquette mistake that Americans make in your home country? Answer: I believe that the most common mistake is to adopt the attitude that things like etiquette is not important, even a waste of time. Only discussions and negotiations of the technical and financial matters are of virginia theorist, value. This view, in my opinion, reflects the assumption that every transaction stands on its own, without considering subsequent trade. Types! Many societies (including many Americans) do not view business this way. The Chinese most certainly do not view business etiquette and manners as a waste of time. They parallel in importance with the actual business dealing at hand. Here is a sampling of some of the specific behaviors and manners expected to be demonstrated when dealing with the Chinese as offered by the International Business Center (Williams, 2012). For Mother From Daughter! Appearance * Conservative suits for men with subtle colors are the norm. * Women should avoid high heels and short sleeved blouses.

The Chinese frown on women who display too much. * Subtle, neutral colors should be worn by both men and women. * Casual dress should be conservative as well. * Men and women can wear jeans. However, jeans are not acceptable for of modulator, business meetings. Revealing clothing for women is considered offensive to Chinese businessmen. Manners * Do not use large hand movements. The Chinese do not speak with their hands.

Your movements may be distracting to your host. * Personal contact must be avoided at all cost. It is highly inappropriate for a man to through, touch a woman in public. Of Modulator! * Do not point when speaking. * To point do not use your index finger, use an open palm. * It is considered improper to put your hand in your mouth. * Avoid acts that involve the mouth. * It is more acceptable to give gifts either in private or to a group as a whole to avoid embarrassment. Quality writing pens are considered favored gifts. Proper Dining Manners * Always arrive on time or early if you are the guest. * Do not discuss business at meals. * Do not start to eat or drink prior to the host. * As a cultural courtesy, you should taste all the dishes you are offered. * Sample meals only, there may be several courses. * Do not drop the chopsticks it is considered bad luck. * Do not eat all of your meal. If you eat all of your meal, the Chinese will assume you did not receive enough food and are still hungry. * Women do not usually drink at meals. Tipping is considered insulting, however the practice is becoming more common. As you can see, there is no shortage of etiquette and virginia henderson nurse, manners in Chinese business settings. Types! It would be incumbent upon anyone who plans on doing business in China to take the time to become familiar with Chinese culture and customs and by all means, take it very seriously (Williams, 2012). The Tragic In Oedipus Antigone! How do Both of the Above Items Compare with U. S. Culture and Business? China as a Superpower One of the most important aspects of Chinas presence on the global business landscape is the rise of China as one of the worlds Superpowers.

As the types of modulator new century unfolds, in all probability so will Chinas prospects unfold as a global power, not just a regional one. Consider once again Chinas contemporary dimensions an enormous country with the worlds largest population and in Oedipus Antigone Essay, military establishment. Its economy is among the worlds fastest growing. Of Modulator! It is expected to become the largest by the year 2025. Historically too, it is crusades through arab, imbued with greatnessinheriting 5,000 years of civilization (Dellios, 2004). Types Of Modulator! Economically speaking, China is the worlds fourth largest trading nation. That status has progressed from thirty-second in 1978 and tenth in to encourage managers, 1997. Its economy has grown at an average of 9. Types Of Modulator! 5% annually since 1985.

Its Gross Domestic Product ranks second only to the U. S. at 13% of the worlds output. Chinas population makes up one-fifth of the worlds total population and geographically it is the third largest country behind Russia and Canada (Dellios, 2004). The influence of China over eulogy from daughter the worlds economy has continued to grow in recent years. Of Modulator! One need not look ant further than Chinas involvement in the economy of the U. S. to see that demonstrated. As China continues to grow it is possible that it may overtake the United States as the worlds foremost super power. United States China Relations Political Relations In recent years, the agenda of U. S. China relations has changed dramatically. Current U. S. -China relations have moved far beyond a bilateral or regional Asian relationship. The current presidential cycle in eyes, the U. S. essentially differs from the of modulator periods of kobe bryant, Bill Clinton and types of modulator, George W. Bush. Indeed, in his statements during the election campaign Clinton concentrated on violations of human rights in China, and accused his predecessor of foreign policy anemia following the Tiananmen Square massacre.

It also differs from the George W. Bushs considering of China as not a strategic partner, but a strategic competitor. Under the current circumstances of the global financial and crusades through arab eyes, economic crisis, the agenda of bilateral dialogue between Washington and Beijing focuses mainly on types, economic problems (Timofeev, 2012). Theorist! Throughout the Cold War the two big kids on of modulator, the block were the United States and triumph underwear uk, Russia. In recent years Russia has been replaced in its position by China. Business Relations The relationship between the United States and China is deep and complex. Of Modulator! In recent years China has become a huge player in the economy of the United States.

The Department of the Treasury reports that China owns about 8% of U. S. Henderson Nurse Theorist! publicly held dept equal to $1. 7 trillion. Types! There are other foreign holders of US debt, but none to the extent of China. A September 2011 Congressional Research Service Report estimates that US exports to China for 2011 will total $109. 2 billion and imports will be $410. 64 billion. The net result is a trade deficit of to encourage group cohesiveness, should:, $301. 4 billion. The same report outlines the historical figures of trade between the of modulator US and China dating back to 1980 when exports to China stood at $3. 8 billion and imports were $1.1 billion. As this relationship progresses, it can only be assumed that it will grow even more complex (Morrison, 2011).

In a speech given at a luncheon hosted by Hero Rex and Antigone the American Bankers Association on December 8, 2003, Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao proposed five principles of fair trade and economic partnership between China and the U. S. Of Modulator! : First, mutual benefits and theorist, win-win results. Thinking broadly, one should take account of others interests while pursuing its own. Second, development first. Existing differences should be resolved through expanded trade and economic cooperation. Third, greater scope to coordinating mechanisms in bilateral trade and economic relations. Disputes should be addressed in a timely manner through communication and consultation to avoid possible escalation. Fourth, equal consultation. The two sides should seek consensus while reserving differences on types, major issues, instead of imposing restrictions or sanctions at Oedipus: Antigone Essay, every turn. Types! Fifth, do not politicize economic and henderson, trade issues. (Timofeev, 2012).

Trade Relations Since 2000, the United States has incurred its largest bilateral trade deficit with China ($201 billion in 2005, a 25% rise over 2004). In 2003, China replaced Mexico as the second largest source of imports for of modulator, the United States. Chinas share of U. S. imports was 14. 6% in Oedipus: in Oedipus Essay, 2005, although this proportion still falls short of Japans 18% of the early 1990s. The United States is Chinas largest overseas market and second largest source of foreign direct investment on a cumulative basis.

U. S. exports to of modulator, China have been growing rapidly as well, although from a low base. In 2004, China replaced Germany and Great Brittan to bryant biography, become the fourth largest market for U. S. goods and remains the fastest growing major U. Of Modulator! S. export market (Lum amp; Nanto, 2007). Some items that the U. S. imports from China include: computer equipment and parts, toys and games, communications equipment, apparel, and audio and video equipment. In contrast, the U. S. The Tragic Rex And Antigone! imports to China include: oilseeds and types, grains, waste and scrap, semiconductors, aerospace products (aircraft), and resin and synthetic rubber. The most dramatic increases in U. S. imports from China have not been in labor intensive sectors rather in technology sectors. Crusades Through! U. Types Of Modulator! S. trade policy with China is based on the assumption that trade will be beneficial to both countries both economically and politically (Lum amp; Nanto, 2007). The developing Chinese economy gives the U. S. an opportunity to be a part of a large and expanding market. What are the Implications for U. S. Businesses That Wish to Conduct Business in That Region? Chinese Global Trading Partners China runs a trade surplus with the worlds three major economic centers: the for mother daughter United States, the European Union, and Japan. We have previously documented the trade figures between the U. S. and China.

As is the of modulator case with the United States, Japan has run a trade deficit with China since the 1980s. Japans trade with China dropped from a surplus of $6 billion in 1985 to a deficit of nearly $6 billion in through arab eyes, 1990. Japans trade deficit with China reached a peak of types of modulator, $26. 5 billion in 2001 and was surpassed in 2005 ($28. 5 billion). Bryant Biography! Japans exports to of modulator, China have grown dramatically in the past few years, its largest exports to kobe biography, China are: electronics, machinery, iron and steel, optical, photographic, and medical equipment, and types of modulator, organic chemicals. The European Union incurred a trade deficit with China of $947 million in 1988, which grew to bryant, $121. 8 billion in 2005.

The European Union trade deficit with China began in the late 1990s and grew to $63 billion in 2005. Compared to the worlds two other major economic centers, the U. S. trade deficit with China at over $300 billion is the largest, followed by the European Union deficit with China at $121. 8 billion and Japan at $28. 5 billion (U. Types! S. Department of arab, State, 2011). United States China Trade Issues The Growing U. S. Types! trade deficit with China cost 2. Henderson Nurse Theorist! 8 million jobs between 2001 and of modulator, 2010 by Robert Scott, EPIs Director of Trade and Manufacturing Policy Research, finds that all 50 states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico suffered jobs lost or displaced as a result of the growing U.S. -China trade deficitit eliminated or displaced 2,790,100 jobs, or about 2% of total U. S. employment over that period. (Scott, 2011).

The U. Virginia Henderson Nurse Theorist! S. trade deficit with China grew from $84 billion in types of modulator, 2001 to in excess of $300 billion in 2011. As a rule, increases in U. S. exports tend to create jobs for United States, and increases in imports tend to lead to job loss. Thus, the crusades through arab growing trade deficit signifies growing job loss. Chinas economic reforms and rapid economic growth, along with the effects of globalization, have caused the economies of the of modulator U. S. and China to become increasingly integrated. Although growing economic ties are considered by most analysts to be mutually beneficial overall, tensions have risen over bryant biography a number of Chinese economic and types, trade policies that many U. S. critics charge are protectionist, economically distortive, and damaging to to encourage group managers should:, U. Types Of Modulator! S. economic interests. These include Chinas resistance to adopting a market-based currency; its mixed record on implementing its obligations in the World Trade Organization (Morrison, 2011).

Another great concern is Chinese manipulation of its currency (Yuan). Many U. S. policymakers and business representatives claim that China manipulates its currency in order to keep the value artificially low against the dollar (U. S. Department of State, 2011). They claim that this action results in henderson theorist, a subsidy for Chinese exports to the United States, and of modulator, results in a tariff on Chinese imported U. S. goods. They complain that this policy has particularly hurt several U. S. Cohesiveness,! manufacturing sectors that are forced to compete against low-cost Chinese products, and has led to the loss of hundreds of thousands of types of modulator, U. S. jobs.

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cold war essay Memorandum by the Counselor of the Department (Kennan) to the Secretary of State. Explore U.S. views of Latin America in the 1950s through George Kennan's memorandum to types of modulator Secretary of State Dean Acheson. Interpret history through the analysis of a photograph . Experience the emotions of the Cuban Revolution through song. When studying the Cold War Era, students often focus on the struggle between the bryant biography United States and the U.S.S.R. However, as these two powers competed for political, military, and types of modulator, ideological supremacy, the conflict transcended borders to encompass countries and peoples around the virginia henderson theorist world. Indeed, as the Iron Curtain descended in Europe, Latin American countries such as Cuba, Guatemala, Nicaragua, and of modulator, El Salvador became very real and fertile battlegrounds for the struggle between communism and Oedipus: The Tragic Antigone, capitalism. The primary source materials presented here use the example of Cuba to underscore the deep-rooted mistrust and resentment on both sides of the Latin America--U.S. conflict and demonstrate how both the of modulator U.S. and U.S.S.R. took advantage of long-standing rivalries and frustrations in the region to advance their own agendas. While the Kennan Memorandum unveils American prejudice and patronization towards Latin America and its peoples generally, the revolutionary fervor found in the words of cohesiveness,, Carlos Puebla's En Eso Llego Fidel and of modulator, Alberto Korda's iconic image of Che Guevara convey the dissatisfaction and anger many Cubans felt towards America and the status quo. When considered together, these resources reveal the dynamic and turbulent relationship between the U.S. and an influential Latin American nation during this time, and triumph underwear uk, demonstrate the emotions and ideologies that almost turned the Cold War hot. Several key events from 1959-1962 framed the U.S.-Cuba relationship during the Cold War.

These primary source videos highlight three of those key events. Castro and types of modulator, Rebel Forces in Havana. October 22, 1962. The Cold War (1947-1989) altered Latin America's relationship to the United States profoundly, as the biography region became a battleground between two competing ideological systemscapitalism and types, communism. Prior to the Cold War, both economic and geopolitical concerns had motivated U.S. Triumph Underwear Uk. policy toward Latin America. But, after the of modulator lowering of the arab eyes Iron Curtain in Eastern Europe, George Kennan, the chief architect of of modulator, American foreign policy towards the Soviet Union, advocated containment to halt the spread of The Tragic in Oedipus Antigone, communism, not just in of modulator Europe, but globally. The result was a bipolar world featuring proxy wars fought throughout the Third World by surrogates and clients of the group two superpowers. Latin American nations, historically considered to be part of our backyard, were not permitted to remain neutral as Washington expected Latin America to of modulator ally with the United States while the Soviet Union sought to gain access to what had been an American sphere of influence.

The U.S. sought to secure its backyard by Oedipus: The Tragic Hero in Oedipus signing a mutual defense treaty, the Rio Pact, in types of modulator 1947, and by establishing the Organization of American States a year later. In one sense these regional agreements were an extension of the Monroe Doctrine (1823) that had warned Europeans against retaking their former colonies, but in the Cold War context, these partnerships gave the U.S. the opportunity to strengthen Latin American states militarily against nurse theorist, communist penetration. How did Latin Americans respond to the Cold War? With democratic reform stymied, thirty separate guerrilla movements, all proclaiming some Marxist ideologies, employed armed struggle to achieve their ends. These insurgencies received arms, funds, and moral support from Cuba (and indirectly the Soviet Union). Initially, a number of these insurgencies adopted a model promoted by Cuba where a small, committed group would create revolutionary cells in the countryside to of modulator win the for mother daughter hearts and minds of Latin America’s peasantries. Che Guevara's influential manual, Guerrilla Warfare , became a handbook for would-be comandantes as middle class activists left the cities to stir up rebellion. By the end of the Cold War, Cuba was the lone holdout in the backyard, although it remained economically and diplomatically isolated, and now without material support from types, Moscow. Latin America, which had been such a flashpoint during the Cold War, fell off the geopolitical map.

No longer of strategic value, Latin America was left to rebuild its shattered countries with little or no assistance from Hero in Oedipus Antigone, either of the of modulator two superpowers. Allen Wells is the Roger Howell, Jr. Professor of History at Bowdoin College in Brunswick, Maine. His scholarship has focused on modern Mexican history, especially Yucatán and he offers a range of courses in colonial and modern Latin American history. Originally from New York, he received his M.A (1974) and Ph.D. (1979) in henderson nurse History at the State University of New York at Stony Brook and his B.A. (1973) in History and Latin American Studies from the State University of New York at Binghamton. Recent publications include Tropical Zion: General Trujillo, FDR and the Jews of Sosúa (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2009) and types, Reports of its Demise are not Exaggerated: The Life and Times of for mother from, Yucatecan Henequen, in From Silver to Cocaine: Latin American Commodity Chains and types of modulator, the Building of the World Economy, 1500-2000 , eds. Carlos Marichal, Zephyr Frank and Steven Topik. (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2006.) Memorandum by crusades arab the Counselor of the Department (Kennan) to types of modulator the Secretary of State.

Memorandum by the Counselor of the Department (Kennan) to the Secretary of State, March 29, 1950. This is the first paragraph of the 27-page document. For the nurse full document, see the types of modulator Document section below. Suggested for grades 9 to 12. 1. How did the United States view Latin America during the early years of the Cold War? 2. What factors led to the growth of nationalism and guerilla movements in Latin America during the Cold War? 3. Which did Kennan feel was the more important political value for the U.S.: democracy or security? Do you agree with his position?

Try using this activity when teaching about. The Cold War Cuba National security Democracy or democratic rights U.S.-Latin America relations Nationalism and guerrilla movements. Determine central ideas or themes of a text and analyze their development; summarize the key supporting details and crusades arab, ideas. Analyze how and why individuals, events, or ideas develop and interact over the course of a text. Interpret words and of modulator, phrases as they are used in a text, including determining technical, connotative, and figurative meanings, and analyze how specific word choices shape meaning or tone. Analyze how two or more texts address similar themes or topics in order to build knowledge or to compare the approaches the authors take. George F. Kennan was the The Tragic Hero in Oedipus Essay U.S.

State Department's premier expert on the Soviet Union and the author of the containment theory. His staunch view that the United States should fight communism at all costs was used to of modulator rationalize support for dictators throughout the world. Memorandum by the Counselor of the Department (Kennan) to eulogy from daughter the Secretary of State is a report that Kennan sent to types Secretary of State Dean G. Crusades Eyes. Acheson after a whirlwind tour of Latin America in 1950. Acheson had been accused of being too soft in confronting the spread of Communism, and in this document, Kennan sought to use his firsthand experiences in Latin America to convince Acheson that the United States needed to be tougher on of modulator, regions with communist connections and sympathies. Large pieces of construction paper Signs reading Strongly Agree, Strongly Disagree, and Unsure Part I: Defining Democracy and Security. 2. Have each group create short definitions of democracy and security and write the definitions on large pieces of construction paper. 3. Virginia Nurse. Have a spokesperson from of modulator, each group tape the paper up, read the group's definitions, and briefly explain how the group settled on the definitions.

4. Crusades Through Arab Eyes. After each group has shared its definitions, share dictionary/textbook definitions of types of modulator, each word (see Terms section above). 5. Work as a class to create consensus-based definitions for democracy and security. Write the definitions on chart paper or the board for later reference. Discuss and eulogy for mother daughter, list some of the signs, or evidence, of a functioning democracy. Discuss and list some of the rights citizens in a democracy have. Part II: Debating Democracy v. Security. 2. On the other end of the wall, hang a sign that says, Strongly Disagree. 3. In the types of modulator middle of the wall, hang a sign that says, Unsure. 4. Explain to underwear uk students that you have created an opinion spectrum. Discuss opinions and different intensities of opinion that might exist between the types signs to ensure that students understand the from spectrum. 5. Make a statement such as, Though both are important, when national security and democracy are at odds, protecting national security is more important than protecting people's democratic rights.

Ask students to stand in the place on types of modulator, the opinion spectrum that best represents their opinion on this statement. Virginia Henderson Nurse Theorist. Ask a few students to defend where they are standing. Allow students to move around on the spectrum as they listen to of modulator their classmates' opinions and arab eyes, arguments. Of Modulator. Ask students who move why they moved. 6. Follow up with other questions about democracy/democratic rights v. security. Consider themes of: Torturing prisoners to in Oedipus Rex and gain information. Wire-tapping, personal information, and the Patriot Act Support of and alliance with non-democratic regimes (i.e., Saudi Arabia) for security/resources.

For each question, ask students to defend their positions and allow classmates to move if they are persuaded to do so. George Kennan's Memorandum by the Counselor of the Department (Kennan) to the Secretary of types of modulator, State (highlighted text--see document in left column) Signs from Pre-Learning Activity. 2. After students have read the memo, ask one student to pose as Kennan and stand in underwear the middle of the opinion spectrum used during the Pre-Learning Activity. 3. Ask the other students to take turns reading the portions of the memo they underlined. 4. Types. After each statement, the class should decide which way on crusades through arab, the opinion spectrum Kennan should move. 5. After the final statement and corresponding move on the spectrum, lead students in a think/pair/share discussion of: Where Kennan is standing: based on this memo, what is types of modulator his opinion of democracy versus security as the higher value? Kennan's tone: what does the tone of the memo show us about Kennan's attitude toward Latin America and virginia henderson, Latin Americans? Are there any particular phrases that stand out to us today as not politically correct?

Why Kennan has the opinion he does: is it based on fact? If not, on what else might his opinion be based? What evidence from the types document supports this? Kennan's role in the government: how might his opinion affect American policy? What role should government workers' opinions play in Hero Rex and Antigone how they do their job?

Consider different jobs: President, Supreme Court Judge, Cabinet member, legislator, military member, etc. Unlike Kennan, Fidel Castro did not see Latin Americans as inherently helpless; he saw them as victims of of modulator, both individual and international corruption. Nor did Castro see Cuba's future as hopeless; instead, through revolution, he envisioned a path to rebuilding Cuba and creating a strong, educated, and wealthy nation. Thus, on July 26, 1953, Fidel Castro led a small group of revolutionaries in an attack on Cuba's Moncada Barracks, which was to be used as a launching-pad for the guerilla's struggle against eulogy, the Batista government. Although the attack failed, it was seen as the beginning of the Cuban Revolution. In October, Castro was brought to trial for his role in the attack.

During the trial, Castro spoke on his own behalf, defending his actions and outlining his vision for of modulator the future of Cuba and Latin America. Eulogy For Mother From. In a speech that lasted four hours, Castro condemned Fulgencio Batista as a tyrant, blasted his corrupt government for causing much of the of modulator nation's problems, and spoke on Hero in Oedipus Antigone Essay, the behalf of Cuba's poor and unemployed. 2. Lead a discussion contrasting Kennan's view of American involvement in types Cuba with Castro's view. Create a T-Chart to visually represent these contrasting views. Create an bryant imaginary dialogue between Kennan and Castro in types which they debate America's involvement in Cuba and/or the importance of kobe bryant biography, democracy and/or security. Using Castro's ideas and criticisms of the United States, create a political cartoon that might have appeared in a Cuban newspaper if Kennan's memo had been leaked. Hold a press conference in which two students act out the parts of Kennan and Castro and the rest of the class acts as reporters.

The class should ask questions to determine how the leaders see each other and each other's countries, as well as how each feels about the question of democracy versus security. Marc Antone teaches World History and Humanities for the Boston Public Schools at types of modulator Media Communications Technology High. Marc has facilitated Primary Source workshops on arab eyes, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Cuba, and the Cold War. He also has international experience in human rights and electoral observation in Guatemala, Mexico, and Honduras. Guerrillero Heróico , Alberto Korda, March 5, 1960.

Source: Museo Che Guevara, Havana, Cuba. Suggested for of modulator grades 7-12. 1. What messages did the photographer Alberto Korda hope to send in creating his image of triumph underwear uk, Ernesto Che Guevara? 2. What political and historical significance did the photograph hold for Latin Americans during the types of modulator Cold War? 3. What can a photograph teach us about history? How does a historian approach or interpret a photograph? Try using this activity when teaching about.

Modern world history Latin American studies Spanish language and culture Art/art history/history of through eyes, photography Media studies The Cold War Revolution and revolutionaries Political science (political art and of modulator, activism) Analyze how two or more texts address similar themes or topics in order to build knowledge or to compare the approaches the authors take. Determine central ideas or themes of a text and analyze their development; summarize the key supporting details and ideas. Integrate and evaluate content presented in diverse media and kobe bryant, formats, including visually and quantitatively, as well as in words. Guerrillero Heróico , the iconic image of Ernesto Che Guevara, has been printed on so many t-shirts, beach towels, propaganda posters and pocketbooks that for many people today, especially younger viewers, the image has grown disconnected from its historical context. Yet Guerrillero Heróico is an artifact with a significant and revealing history. Its origins in of modulator Havana, Cuba, in 1960 are an biography important chapter in the early history of the Cold War in Latin America. The Cuban photographer who created the types of modulator image, Alberto Korda (1928-2001), was an exact contemporary of his subject, Che, born in the same year in Argentina. Korda began his career doing fashion photography, but like so many people of arab, his generation, Korda was swept up in Cuba's revolutionary cause. Types. Early in 1959 he joined the virginia henderson theorist staff of Revolución , a new publication in Havana.

Korda snapped his now famous photograph during a public funeral and political protest in types Havana on the 5th of March 1960, one of numerous photographs he took that day. Henderson Nurse. The protest marked the explosion in Havana harbor of a Belgian freight ship, La Coubre , bearing arms purchased by the Cuban government. Fidel Castro denounced the blast as a CIA plot (though the types cause of the explosion has never been determined). Korda's photograph of Guevara was first published in henderson 1960 following the U.S.-sponsored Bay of types, Pigs invasion. Several years later, Korda gave his photograph to a wealthy Italian publisher and leftist, who popularized the image internationally (without crediting Korda). Eulogy For Mother From Daughter. The image reached iconic status in of modulator Latin America and elsewhere when it was embraced by the world-wide youth movement of the late 1960s. It took on further significance and eulogy, poignancy following Guevara's capture and execution by the Bolivian government in types October 1967.

Since that time, a giant portrait based on Guerrillero Heróico has overlooked the Plaza de la Revolución in Havana, a symbol of the image's continuing importance in group managers should: Cuban historical memory. Of Modulator. (For more detail about the photographer, the event and the wider historical context, see the five Historical Context Sheets included in the teaching activity). Laptop computers or computer lab Internet access to a large database of images (eg. Google Images) If you do not have access to such databases, print out ahead of time from the for mother daughter web several dozen versions of Korda's image as it has appeared in posters, advertisements, outdoor murals, etc. Of Modulator. Image Observation Sheet (see Documents section in left column) 1. Crusades Through Eyes. Divide students into groups of of modulator, 3-4. 2. Give each group access to a computer with internet connection (this can also be assigned as a homework task for individual students the night before). 3. Ask the groups to do an image search using the term Che image. Encourage students to look at results beyond the first page. Tell them to pay attention to how many hits they find and what kinds of objects they see. (More advanced students might choose their own search terms, or compare searches based on several variants such as Che picture and Hero in Oedipus Antigone, Che photographs.) 4. Distribute the image observation handout and types of modulator, review it with students. 5. Direct the groups to choose 2-3 images that they like and analyze each one using the image observation sheet. [NOTE: if students are familiar with VoiceThread technology, you might instead have them capture their observations in that format, using their chosen image as the Rex and Essay centerpiece.]

6. Bring the full class together; ask for volunteers to talk about one image and their group's interpretation of it. 7. Discuss the multiple meanings that have been applied to types of modulator Che's photograph. Help students to for mother from note that the meanings are varied, not stable or consistent. 8. Introduce the concept of an types of modulator icon or an iconic image. If your students are familiar with Shepard Fairey's image of Barack Obama, you can use that as an managers example. Discussdoes the image of Che fit this definition? Why do they think certain images become iconic? Why has Che's image been so popular and widely used over such a long period of of modulator, time? If you or your students have a special interest in the media studies angle, consider reading this brief CNN report about Korda's photograph, Examining an virginia henderson theorist Iconic Image. This highlights the work of journalist Michael Casey, author of Che's Afterlife: The Legacy of an Image (2009).

Casey describes U.S.Cuban relations as a battle of the brandsUncle Sam vs. Che. The report references Shepard Fairey's image of then-candidate Barack Obama and of modulator, shows numerous examples of triumph underwear uk, Che in pop and material culture. Types. Casey raises the question, has the Korda image of Che become a hip brand, denoting rebellion and youth and little else? Or does it still bear a revolutionary message?

Ask students to reflect on this question after watching the CNN report. Projection of crusades arab eyes, two Che images: the cropped and uncropped versions of Korda's photograph ( via LCD projector or SmartBoard technology) Individual copies of the uncropped photo, one for of modulator each student, with room to write on the margins (See Documents section in left column) Historical Context Sheets for jigsaw activity (See Documents section in left column) Spider web graphic organizer, one copy for each group (See Documents section in left column) 1. This primary source activity takes students through a process of re-envisioninglooking again at Korda's too-familiar photograph using the analytical tools of a historianan understanding of place, time, the role of historical actors and the context of historical events. Explain that they are going to be looking again at the famous photo of Che with fresh eyesthis time viewing it as a historical source, and analyzing it with a historian's set of tools and questions. 2. Bryant. Give each student a copy of the uncropped version of Korda's photo. 3. Ask students to of modulator look closely at the uncropped photo for a few moments, paying close attention to its details. Then ask them to use the margins of the photo to make a quick list of words or phrases that describe the thoughts and emotions they see in Che's face or expression. 4. Bring the class together and ask each student to share one word or phrase from their list. Summarize their responses, noting patterns or differences.

Tell the class that we also know how the photographer, Alberto Korda, answered the same question: when asked by an interviewer, he described Che's facial expression as encabronado y dolienteangry and sorrowful. How does this match their responses? What questions does Korda's comment raise for kobe bryant them, if any? (They might wonder, for example, what he could be sad about or what made him angry.) 5. Next, project the types cropped and uncropped photos side by side and ask students to compare. Take comments from the class using these prompts: How do they think the two images are different? Why did Korda want the tight frame around Che's face, removing the other objects/people? (They might notice that isolating Che places extra importance on himall our attention is drawn to him. Crusades Through Eyes. Some may note that the shot from below builds him up, or that isolating him makes him look like a super-hero or emphasizes his gaze out into the future, etc.) Then share the title that Korda gave the final, cropped photo: Guerrillero Heróico . What does the title reveal about Korda's view of his subject and his purpose in producing the image?

6. Of Modulator. Next, brainstorm with the class: if they were to treat this photo as a historical document, telling us something about underwear uk a moment in history and the individuals who were involved in that moment, what information would they want and of modulator, need to Oedipus: The Tragic Hero Essay know? List their ideas on blackboard or SmartBoard. (They might wonder where Che was at the time, what he was doing, if the photographer knew him, whether the photographer had a political perspective, where he was born, etc.) Tell them the next activity will provide information they can use to find answers to types these questions. When they are done compiling answers they will be prepared to create a historical interpretation of the photograph. 7. Set up a jigsaw discussion. First, divide students into crusades through arab eyes, groups numbered 1-5 and ask them to sit in a small circle (4-6 people per group will work but make the groups as close to five as possible).

Students need to types remember the original number of their group. Pass out to each group the stack of Historical Context Sheets that corresponds to their group number (ex: Group 1 gets Historical Context Sheet #1, the La Coubre incident). Direct the students to read the information on the card silently. When finished, the group should discuss what they read using this task to guide them: what details, facts or items of information from this passage help answer one of the to encourage cohesiveness, managers questions the class has about the Korda photograph? Which facts are most important and relevant? Finally, each student should list these facts from most relevant/important to least relevant/important, using their individual judgment. 8. Jigsaw the students. Create new groups that now include representation from types, each of the original Historical Context teams, or from as many as possible. Each member of the new group will take a turn reporting out the findings of crusades arab, their historical context exploration.

9. Instruct each group to of modulator fill out the spider-web graphic, using the uk expertise of types of modulator, every group member to crusades through fill in the labeled blocks. Finally, the group should collaborate to fill in the large block labeled with this question: Your conclusion: what is the of modulator historical meaning or significance of the photograph? Susan Zeiger is bryant a program director at Primary Source. Prior to types of modulator joining Primary Source, she was the chair of the History Department at Regis College for ten years. Bryant Biography. She is the author of books and articles on topics that include immigration and race, international relations, and gender, war and peace movements. Her most recent book, Entangling Alliances: Foreign War Brides and American Soldiers in the Twentieth Century , examines race and types, gender in foreign and eyes, domestic relationships. Zeiger holds a Ph.D. in U.S.

History from New York University. Audio version of En Eso Llego Fidel Suggested for grades 9 to 12. 1. Types. How did the spirit and pride of the crusades revolution relate to the reality of Cuban experience? 2. How can poetry and music harness people's emotions to serve a cause? Try using this activity when teaching about. The Cold War Revolution and revolutionaries Latin America Cuba Spanish language and culture Political art and artistic expression Popular movements Communism v. Democracy.

Read closely to determine what the text says explicitly and to types make logical inferences from it; cite specific textual evidence when writing or speaking to support conclusions drawn from the text. Determine central ideas or themes of a text and kobe biography, analyze their development; summarize the key supporting details and ideas. Interpret words and phrases as they are used in a text, including determining technical, connotative, and figurative meanings, and analyze how specific word choices shape meaning or tone. Analyze the structure of texts, including how specific sentences, paragraphs, and larger portions of the text (e.g., a section, chapter, scene, or stanza) relate to each other and the whole. When the Cuban Revolution began, Castro and his 26th of July Movement enjoyed broad support as they agitated against Fulgencio Batista, the types of modulator corrupt American-backed dictator of Cuba.

Cuban artists of the day captured the virginia henderson enthusiasm and optimism of the early days of the revolution through song, painting, and poetry, which allowed them to convey the emotion of the of modulator revolutionary spirit in ways that simple prose could not. Song that is engaging for students and tells a story. It's early in the morning. A tri-colored flag hangs from a pole. Last night, there was a battle nearby. Even though there were rockets and bombs, the The Tragic Rex and Antigone flag wasn't destroyed. It still waves in the wind over our home, where free and brave people live.

2. Ask students how this paragraph made them feel. Do they feel excited by these words? What type of imagery do the words convey? 3. Then play the of modulator song for the students; provide them with a transcript to read as the song plays in case they aren't familiar with all of the words. 4. Bryant Biography. Ask the types students if they felt more involved with the story upon listening to the song. Could they better identify with the author's emotions? How did listening to the song help them better understand the event? How did listening to the song make them feel contrasted with how reading the crusades through arab words made them feel? What images did the song convey that they words did not?

5. Of Modulator. Lead the daughter students in of modulator a discussion of how listening to historical songs or reading historical poetry might help them better understand the virginia theorist context and emotions surrounding historical events. Before asking students to respond emotionally to the song, it is essential that they understand the types text, its historical context, and its implications. 1. Ask students to read the Background Essay by Allen Wells. 2. Assign En Eso Llegó Fidel for the students to eulogy for mother read individually. 3. After they have read the background and the song, have students work in pairs or small groups to types answer the following questions: First Stanza: Who are they? Where is here?

Who are the people? Who is Fidel, and what sentiment does his arrival convey? Second Stanza: What does the phrase up in the mountains the future was lighting up mean? Third Stanza: What is infamy, and how could it be used as a shield? Who are the bearded ones, and how might they have been defamed? Fourth Stanza: What does playing democracy mean? 4. Lead the Oedipus: Rex and Antigone Essay class in a group discussion of the song to ensure comprehension.

Part B: Quaker Read. This student-centered activity is styled after Quaker meetings, during which participants speak when the spirit moves them. The activity focuses on quiet reflection and emotional response. The activity also helps to types settle classes that have trouble focusing on texts or discussions. The Quaker Read also provides more thoughtful groups with the opportunity to reflect on the ideas of their classmates. Explain that they might choose segments because of their vividness, because they contain interesting points, or because they agree or disagree with the author’s statement. 2. Triumph Underwear Uk. Ask students to listen to the audio version of the song, and to note any differences in emotional response upon listening. They can underline additional phrases or segments based on types, their reactions to the audio version.

3. Ask students to uk sit in a circle and, with no explanation, rationale, or prompting, read aloud a part of the song that is particularly interesting to them. 4. Of Modulator. Ask students to consider each passage read, and to henderson think about what it tells the reader/listener about the sentiment in Cuba when Castro came to types of modulator power. 5. After the through arab eyes students have finished sharing their passages, lead the class in a discussion that addresses the following questions: What does the song tells us about the person who wrote it, as well as the people (they, the people, Fidel, etc.) described in it? Is reading historical poetry/verse a meaningful way to study historical events?

Why or why not? Whichthe background reading or the songmade you more aware of the revolutionaries' plight? Why? Whicha song or a factual accountwould have served as better revolutionary propaganda? Why? What (emotion, passion, individual experience, etc.) can a primary source like a poem or song offer that a textbook does not or cannot?

Why? Which do you prefer? What other artists have tried to use poetry/song to address political events? Were they effective? Why or why not? Beatles Green Day Dixie Chicks (Kids will be able to think of many, many more) 6. Work as a class to list the complaints found in the song against the U.S.-backed Batista government. Ask students to explain if they think each complaint was or wasn't justified, with supporting evidence based on the background narrative and their own understanding of Cuban and U.S. history. Ask students to choose one of the following options: Write your own song about a political event (past or present) and present to the class for discussion. Bring in a song that addresses a political event for discussion.

Marc Antone teaches World History and Humanities for the Boston Public Schools at Media Communications Technology High. Marc has facilitated Primary Source workshops on types, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Cuba, and the Cold War. He also has international experience in human rights and electoral observation in Guatemala, Mexico, and Honduras. Brenner, Philip, et al, eds. A Contemporary Cuba Reader: Reinventing the Revolution . Theorist. Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield, 2008. Chomsky, Aviva, Barry Carr, and Pamela Smorkaloff , eds.

The Cuba Reader: History, Culture, Politics . Durham: Duke University Press, 2003. Perez, Louis A. Cuba: Between Reform and Revolution . New York: Oxford University Press, 1988. Smith, Peter H. Talons of the Eagle: Latin America, the United States, and of modulator, the World . Hero Antigone Essay. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996. Anderson, Jon Lee. Che Guevara: A Revolutionary Life . New York: Grove Press, 1997.

Casey, Michael. Che's Afterlife: The Legacy of an Image . New York: Vintage Books, 2009. Contesting Cuba's Past and Future . Providence: Watson Institute for International Studies (CHOICES), Brown University, c2008. A curriculum guide published by Choices at Brown University. Korda, Alberto. Cuba by Korda . Christophe Loviny, ed. New York: Ocean Press, 2006. Photographs and commentary by the photographer. Ziff, Trisha.

Che Guevara: Revolutionary and Icon . New York: Abrams Image, 2006. This beautifully-illustrated book of essays and of modulator, images was created in conjunction with an exhibit organized by the Museum of Photography, University of California Riverside. The history of the photograph is laid out here. A CNN report highlighting the work of journalist Michael Casey. Alberto Korda: The Photographer Behind the Face of Ernesto Che Guevara. Biography. Art History Archive: Photography . 2007 November. Accessed 30 March 2010. A documentary about Alberto Korda by Hector Cruz Sandoval.

Carlson, Lori M. and Óscar Hijuelos, eds. Burnt Sugar/Cana Quemada: Contemporary Cuban Poetry in types of modulator English and Spanish . New York: Free Press, 2006. Smorkaloff, Pamela Maria. Readers and Writers in Cuba: A Social History of Print Culture, l830s-l990s . New York: Garland Pub., 1997.