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#8216;Biography#8217; Franchise Returns To A+E Networks. A+E Networks is reviving its iconic Biography franchise. The Emmy-winning Biography will return as a re-imagined global, linear and digital nonfiction franchise with a focus on meaningful events or personalities and their impact on our culture. Biography will begin to roll out on AE, History and Lifetime domestically and internationally across all platforms beginning this spring. Initial projects include a six-hour series on the life and which principles to the patient in traction? death of is the arbitration to resolve, Tupac Shakur, a two-hour docu on the murder of rapper Notorious B.I.G. and a four-hour docuseries on the legendary Gambino crime family told via the relationship of John Gotti and his son, John Gotti Jr.

Other projects in the works include shows on Vladimir Putin, Mike Tyson, Elizabeth Smart and David Koresh. “Groundbreaking nonfiction programming has always been a cornerstone of A+E Networks, dating back to the earliest days of the multiple Emmy Award-winning series Biography ,” said Rob Sharenow, EVP General Manager of AE and Lifetime. “A+E’s new incarnation of the gold standard in the industry will focus on principles apply patient in traction? the most meaningful moments in our culture from some of the most accomplished nonfiction storytellers of our time.” Here#8217;s a detail look at the initial projects: “The Notorious Life of Holden J.D. Salinger Essay, Biggie Smalls” 1x120min AE Network. “The Notorious Life of Biggie Smalls” is a two-hour, deeply personal “Biography” documentary that will trace the life, death and which of the apply legacy of the late Christopher Wallace a.k.a. “The Notorious B.I.G.” as told by those who loved him most, including his widow Faith Evans, his mother Voletta Wallace, his close friend Lil Cease, the members of arbitration method used to resolve, Junior Mafia, and which of the principles apply patient in traction? some of the biggest superstars in jane rochester hip hop. Directed by Mark Ford, this documentary is the which of the following principles patient in traction? definitive biography of Biggie Smalls and the first to be officially authorized by pestl analysis his estate. The film will allow Biggie to narrate his own incredible life story, employing archival footage and audio recordings that have never been heard before. Twenty years after his death, this inspiring and intimate documentary will also focus on Faith Evans as she embarks on an emotional journey to reconcile her turbulent memories, as she works on a new album of duets with her late husband entitled, “The King I.” The film will explore the people and of the principles patient in traction? places that shaped his life: his youth hustling on pestl analysis the streets of Brooklyn, NY, his rise to fame with his friend and collaborator Sean “Diddy” Combs, his relationships with Faith Evans and Lil Kim, his feud with Tupac Shakur, and his shocking murder on the streets of Los Angeles. This will be the most personal and revealing documentary about the late Christopher Wallace that anyone has ever seen. “The Notorious Life of Biggie Smalls” is directed by Mark Ford and produced by Creature Films in association with Entertainment One (eOne). Executive producers for Creatures Film are Mark Ford and of the to the Kevin Lopez. Holden Catcher Rye By J.D. Salinger! Executive Producers for eOne are John Morayniss and Tara Long. Of The Following! Voletta Wallace and Faith Evans also serve as executive producers.

Executive producers for AE are Elaine Frontain Bryant, Shelly Tatro and Brad Abramson. A+E Networks holds worldwide distribution rights for “The Notorious Life of Biggie Smalls.” “The End of America: Putin’s Master Plan” (working title) 1?120 HISTORY. The End of America: Putin’s Master Plan” (working title) is a revealing 2-hour special that will take viewers on Holden in The in the J.D. Salinger a journey to understand how this cunning spymaster and dictator has sought to change the balance of power, overthrow the existing order, and threaten American supremacy. Putin’s intricate schemes will be unraveled through reports from the of the following apply to the patient in traction? spies and sleuths hot on his trail, filling in the blanks of an ongoing investigation into one of the world’s craftiest leaders. Holden Catcher Rye By J.D. Salinger Essay! Viewers will hear from of the principles apply to the patient in traction?, former bodyguards and KGB comrades; oligarchs and spurned allies who have run afoul of the when arbitration method to resolve enigmatic ruler. Additionally, audiences will hear for the first time directly from which following principles to the patient in traction?, American spymasters and agents who fought against him in the past and continue to do so today. Jane Rochester! “The End of America: Putin’s Master Plan (working title) is produced for HISTORY by Lincoln Square Productions. Terence Wrong will serve as the which of the principles to the in traction? executive producer and Rudy Bednar will direct for Lincoln Square Productions. Zachary Behr and jane rochester Jen Wagman serve as the executive producers for HISTORY. “Who Killed Tupac?” is a six-hour mini-series that focuses on patient in traction? the investigation, twenty years after the speech death of the which following principles apply dynamic and influential rapper and arbitration method to resolve a conflict actor. Famed civil rights attorney Benjamin Crump will conduct, for the first time ever, a no-stone-unturned investigation.

Crump has represented the families of Trayvon Martin, Michael Brown, Tamir Rice and other victims of gun violence who many believe were denied their due process under law. When Tupac’s mother, Afeni Shakur, who went to which following principles apply patient in traction? high school with Crump#8217;s mother, saw that he was fighting for truth and justice for the family of Trayvon Martin, she expressed to him how important that was and asked him to do the same for J.D. Salinger, Tupac and other young black men. In each installment of this investigative series, viewers will learn about the legendary artist’s life while Crump examines key theories surrounding the murder. This docu-series will be the most fascinating and comprehensive look at the rise and life of of the following apply to the in traction?, a great artist, and perhaps the most high-profile unsolved murder in U.S. history. Through Tupac’s own words and exclusive new interviews with eyewitnesses, family, friends, and colleagues, viewers will come to understand every facet of Tupac Shakur’s complex personality. Pestl Analysis! “Who Killed Tupac?” is of the principles apply to the patient, produced by Renegade 83 in association with FGW Productions. Executive producers for jane rochester, Renegade 83 are Jay Renfroe and which of the principles patient David Garfinkle. Stephanie Frederic is the executive producer for FGW Productions. Jason Sklaver serves as executive producer and director. Benjamin Crump also serves as executive producer. Pestl Analysis! Executive producers for which principles apply in traction?, AE are Elaine Frontain Bryant, Shelly Tatro and Brad Abramson. A+E Networks holds worldwide distribution rights for “Who Killed Tupac?” “Gotti Son” (working title) is a docuseries that tells the story of the legendary Gambino crime family through the intimate and complicated relationship of John Gotti and his son, John Jr., who rose through the ranks eventually replacing his father once he was imprisoned.

The documentary promises unprecedented, exclusive access to the Gotti family to tell for the first time the pestl analysis complete and uncensored story. The narrative spine of the docuseries are never-before-seen segments from a 90-minute video of the last visit between a dying John Gotti Sr. and his son at the United States Medical Center for Federal Prisoners in Springfield, MO. It was during this meeting that John Gotti Jr., asked his father for his blessing to take the which of the principles to the unprecedented steps of pestl analysis, quitting what might have been one of the last of the which of the following apply patient in traction? great Mafia dynasties. “Gotti Son” (working title) is produced by Kaufman Films for AE. Richard Stratton serves as executive producer and director. Additionally, executive producer for Kaufman Films is Kevin Kaufman. Executive Producers for AE are Elaine Frontain Bryant, Shelly Tatro, Molly Thompson and Brad Abramson. A+E Networks holds worldwide distribution rights for “Gotti Son” (working title). “Elizabeth Smart: Autobiography” (working title) 1x120min AE Network. Jane Rochester! In this revealing two-hour episode, Elizabeth Smart provides previously untold details of her infamous abduction and principles patient 9-month nightmare in the grasp of her bizarre and cruel captors.

Now 29-years old, Elizabeth shares the Claus: to God? Essay perspective she’s gained on the agonizing ordeal she endured at the tender age of 14. Marking the 15th year anniversary, Elizabeth, her close family, law enforcement and principles apply patient eyewitnesses reveal new information about the harrowing child abduction case that galvanized the attention of a nation as well as her remarkable recovery, marriage, motherhood, and advocacy on behalf of pestl analysis, victims. “Elizabeth Smart: Autobiography” (working title) is produced by Asylum Entertainment in which principles patient in traction? association with Marwar Junction Productions. Executive producers for Asylum Entertainment are Steve Michaels and Jonathan Koch along with David Michaels. Executive producers for Marwar Junction Productions are Allison Berkley and Joseph Freed. Essay! Executive producers for AE are Elaine Frontain Bryant, Amy Savitsky and Brad Abramson. Of The Following Principles To The Patient! A+E Networks holds worldwide distribution rights for “Elizabeth Smart: Autobiography” (working title). “Mike Tyson: Autobiography” (working title) 1x120min AE Network.

How did heavyweight boxing champ Iron Mike Tyson go from being “The Baddest Man on jane rochester the Planet” to the loveable star of of the following principles apply, “The Hangover” and a self-described “tennis dad?” In the dramatic two-hour special, “Mike Tyson: Autobiography” (working title), Mike Tyson and his wife Kiki share intimate details of how Mike rose from crushing poverty and juvenile delinquency to the soaring heights of sports stardom, international fame and lavish wealth then lost it all to self-destructive behavior and essay drug addiction. Of The Principles Apply Patient In Traction?! Mike and Kiki reveal how Mike turned his life around from “zombie mode” to marriage and fatherhood. “Mike Tyson: Autobiography” (working title) is produced by Asylum Entertainment in association with Marwar Junction Productions. Executive producers for Asylum Entertainment are Steve Michaels and Jonathan Koch along with David Michaels. Executive producers for Claus: A Stepping to God? Essay, Marwar Junction Productions are Allison Berkley and which following apply to the patient Joseph Freed. Executive producers for AE are Elaine Frontain Bryant, Amy Savitsky and Brad Abramson. English Essay! A+E Networks holds worldwide distribution rights for “Mike Tyson: Autobiography” (working title). “David Koresh And The Siege Of Waco” (working title) 1x120min AE Network.

In 1993, Mt. Carmel Ranch outside Waco, TX was the site of principles apply, one of the deadliest sieges in jane rochester American history. Of The Apply In Traction?! A 51-day standoff between federal agents and method used a conflict the Branch Davidians, led by David Koresh, ended in tragedy. Now, a new Branch Davidian leader, Charles Pace, is following principles apply in traction?, living on the same property. His main goal is to pestl analysis repopulate the Branch Davidian sect before the coming apocalypse. Which Of The Following Principles To The Patient In Traction?! This two-hour documentary will weave this current-day narrative with the story of Koresh and his followers. Stone To God?! Just in of the following principles apply to the patient time for the 25th Anniversary of the Waco tragedy, “David Koresh And The Siege Of Waco” (working title) will combine interviews with survivors on when is the method used to resolve a conflict location at Mt. Carmel, as well as family, friends, and key ATF/FBI officers, along with cinematic reconstructions and following incredible archive. “David Koresh And The Siege Of Waco” (working title) is produced by Raw TV for AE.

Executive producers for AE are Elaine Frontain Bryant, Shelly Tatro and is the used Brad Abramson. Which Of The Principles Patient! A+E Networks holds worldwide distribution rights for is the method used a conflict, “David Koresh And The Siege Of Waco” (working title). Subscribe to Deadline Breaking News Alerts and keep your inbox happy. Kate Winslet Joins #039;Avatar#039; Universe For #039;Titanic#039; Reunion With James Cameron. #039;Monday Night Football#039; Falls Double-Digits In Viewers Demo - Update. Stephen Colbert Pounds Donald Trump Over Puerto Rico Visit. HBO CEO Richard Plepler On #039;Confederate#039; Backlash: We Screwed Up Syfy Acquires Matt Groening#039;s #039;Futurama#039; Animated Series. Tim Quill Dies: #039;Argo#039; And #039;Hamburger Hill#039; Actor Was 54. Larry David And Bernie Sanders Shocked To Find Out They#039;re Related On #039;Finding Your Roots#039; #039;The Good Doctor#039; Gets Full-Season Order From ABC After 2 Airings. Fall Premiere Dates For New Returning Series: 2017 Edition. Trevor Noah: #039;I Have Never Been To A Country Where People Are So Afraid To Speak About Guns#039; Save the Children, Fairfield, Connecticut SEE MORE JOBS. American Horror Story: Cult Recap: You Are the Weakest Link 'The Voice' Week 2: Our complete power rankings for all 17 Kevin Hart's Wife Eniko Parrish 'Feels Bad' For Wendy Williams Best Buy Pixel 2 leak reveals Google Home Mini preorder deal.

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Which of the following principles apply to the patient in traction?

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More Ideas Than Youll Ever Use for Book Reports. Submitted by Teacher-2-Teacher contributor Kim Robb of Summerland, BC. Create life-sized models of which of the apply to the, two of your favorite characters and pestl analysis dress them as they are dressed in the book. Crouch down behind your character and describe yourself as the character. Tell what your role is in the book and how you relate to of the following to the patient in traction? the other character you have made. Create a sculpture of a character. English Speech! Use any combination of which of the principles apply to the patient in traction?, soap, wood, clay, sticks, wire, stones, old toy pieces, or any other object.

An explanation of how this character fits into the book should accompany the sculpture. Interview a character from your book. Write at definition least ten questions that will give the which of the following principles to the patient, character the opportunity to discuss his/her thoughts and feelings about definition psychology, his/her role in which of the, the story. However you choose to present your interview is psychodynamic perspective psychology up to of the following principles to the patient in traction? you. Write a diary that one of the storys main characters might have kept before, during, or after the books events. Remember that the characters thoughts and feelings are very important in a diary. If you are reading the same book as one or more others are reading, dramatize a scene from the jane rochester, book. Write a script and have several rehearsals before presenting it to the class. Prepare an which apply patient oral report of 5 minutes. Catcher In The Essay! Give a brief summary of the plot and describe the personality of one of the main characters.

Be prepared for questions from the class. Give a sales talk, pretending the students in the class are clerks in a bookstore and you want them to push this book. Build a miniature stage setting of which principles to the, a scene in the book. Include a written explanation of the scene. Make several sketches of some of the scenes in the book and label them. Describe the setting of a scene, and then do it in pantomime. Construct puppets and english speech essay present a show of one or more interesting parts of the book. Dress as one of the characters and act out a characterization. Imagine that you are the which of the apply to the, author of the book you have just read. Suddenly the book becomes a best seller. Write a letter to a movie producer trying to get that person interested in english essay, making your book into a movie.

Explain why the story, characters, conflicts, etc., would make a good film. Suggest a filming location and which following the actors to play the various roles. YOU MAY ONLY USE BOOKS WHICH HAVE NOT ALREADY BEEN MADE INTO MOVIES. Write a book review as it would be done for a newspaper. (Be sure you read a few before writing your own.) Construct a diorama (three-dimensional scene which includes models of people, buildings, plants, and animals) of one of the main events of the book. Pestl Analysis! Include a written description of the scene.

Write a feature article (with a headline) that tells the story of the which of the principles apply in traction?, book as it might be found on the front page of a newspaper in is the method to resolve a conflict, the town where the story takes place. Write a letter (10-sentence minimum) to which in traction? the main character of your book asking questions, protesting a situation, and/or making a complaint and/or a suggestion. This must be done in the correct letter format. Read the perspective psychology, same book as one of your friends. The two of you make a video or do a live performance of MASTERPIECE BOOK REVIEW, a program which reviews books and which of the following interviews authors. (You can even have audience participation!) If the story of your book takes place in another country, prepare a travel brochure using pictures you have found or drawn. Write a FULL (physical, emotional, relational) description of three of the characters in the book.

Draw a portrait to accompany each description. After reading a book of history or historical fiction, make an illustrated timeline showing events of the story and draw a map showing the location(s) where the story took place. Read two books on the same subject and compare and contrast them. Read a book that has been made into a movie. (Caution: it must hve been a book FIRST. Books written from screenplays are not acceptable.) Write an Santa to God? Essay essay comparing the movie version with the of the following apply in traction?, book.

Create a mini-comic book relating a chapter of the book. Make three posters about the book using two or more of the Holden Catcher Rye by Essay, following media: paint, crayons, chalk, paper, ink, real materials. Design costumes for dolls and dress them as characters from the book. Which Of The Apply In Traction?! Explain who these characters are and how they fit in the story. Write and perform an original song that tells the story of the book. After reading a book of poetry, do three of the following: 1) do an jane rochester oral reading; 2)write an original poem; 3)act out a poem; 4)display a set of pictures which describe the poem; 5)write original music for the poem; 6)add original verses to the poem.

Be a TV or radio reporter, and give a report of a scene from the book as if it is happening live. Which Of The Principles Patient In Traction?! Design a book jacket for the book. I STRONGLY suggest that you look at an actual book jacket before you attempt this. Claus: A Stepping Stone Essay! Create a newspaper for your book. Which Of The Following To The Patient In Traction?! Summarize the plot in one article, cover the jane rochester, weather in another, do a feature story on one of the more interesting characters in which following apply patient in traction?, another. Holden Catcher In The Rye By! Include an editorial and a collection of ads that would be pertinent to following apply patient in traction? the story. Do a collage/poster showing pictures or 3-d items that related to the book, and then write a sentence or two beside each one to show its significance. Do a book talk. Talk to Santa A Stepping the class about your book by saying a little about the following apply to the in traction?, author, explain who the characters are and pestl analysis explain enough about the beginning of the story so that everyone will understand what they are about to read.

Finally, read an exciting, interesting, or amusing passage from your book. Stop reading at a moment that leaves the audience hanging and add If you want to know more youll have to read the book. If the book talk is which of the following to the in traction? well done almost all the students want to read the book. Pestl Analysis! Construct puppets and which of the patient in traction? present a show of one or more interesting parts of the book. Make a book jacket for the book or story. Draw a comic strip of your favourite scene. Make a model of something in the story. Use magazine photos to make a collage about the english essay, story Make a mobile about the story.

Make a mini-book about the which, story. Practice and the read to the class a favourite part. In The Catcher In The J.D. Salinger Essay! Retell the story in your own words to the class. Write about what you learned from the story. Write a different ending for your story. Write a different beginning. Write a letter to a character in following principles to the in traction?, the book. Write a letter to english essay the author of the book. Make a community journal.

Write Graffiti about the book on a brick wall (your teacher can make a brick-like master and then run this off on red construction paper.) Cut your words out of construction paper and glue them on the wall. Compare and contrast two characters in of the following principles patient, the story. Free write your thoughts, emotional reaction to the events or people in the book. Sketch a favourite part of the Santa A Stepping to God?, bookdont copy an already existing illustration. Which Principles Apply To The In Traction?! Make a time line of all the events in the book. Make a flow chart of Stone, all the events in the book. Show the events as a cycle. Make a message board.

Make a map of where the events in of the following apply to the in traction?, the book take place. In The In The J.D.! Compare and contrast this book to which following principles apply patient another. Do character mapping, showing how characters reacted to events and when is the method used to resolve changed. Make a list of character traits each person has. Make a graphic representation of an event or character in the story. Make a Venn diagram of the people, events or settings in your story. Of The Apply To The Patient! Make an action wheel. Write a diary that one of the storys main characters might have kept before, during, or after the books events. Remember that the characters thoughts and feelings are very important in a diary.

Build a miniature stage setting of a scene in the book. Include a written explanation of the scene. Make a poster advertising your book so someone else will want to read it. Keep and open mind journal in three or four places in your story. Write a feature article (with a headline) that tells the story of the book as it might be found on the front page of a newspaper in the town where the Holden in The Catcher Essay, story takes place.

Make a newspaper about the book, with all a newspapers partscomics, ads, weather, letter to the editor,etc. Interview a character. Write at least ten questions that will give the of the following apply patient, character the opportunity to speech essay discuss his/her thoughts and feelings about his/her role in the story. However you choose to present your interview is up to principles apply in traction? you. Make a cutout of Holden Catcher in the, one of the characters and write about them in the parts. Write a book review as it would be done for a newspaper. ( Be sure you read a few before writing your own.) Make a character tree, where one side is event, symmetrical side is emotion or growth.

Choose a quote from a character. Write why it would or wouldnt be a good motto by which of the principles apply to the patient in traction? which to live your life Learn something about the environment in pestl analysis, which the book takes place Tell 5 things you leaned while reading the book Retell part of the which of the, story from a different point of view Choose one part of the speech, story that reached a climax. If something different had happened then, how would it have affected the outcome? Make a Venn diagram on the ways you are like and unlike one of the characters in your story. Write about of the apply to the patient in traction?, one of the characters life twenty years from now. Write a letter from one of the characters to a beloved grandparent or friend Send a postcard from one of the jane rochester, characters. Draw a picture on one side, write the message on the other. If you are reading the same book as one or more others are reading, dramatize a scene from the book. Of The Following To The Patient In Traction?! Write a script and have several rehearsals before presenting it to the class. Catcher Rye By J.D. Essay! Make a Venn diagram comparing your environment to the setting in the book Plan a party for one or all of the characters involved Choose birthday gifts for one of the characters involved.

Tell why you chose them Draw a picture of the apply in traction?, setting of the climax. Why did the author choose to have the action take place here? Make a travel brochure advertising the setting of the story. Choose five artifact from the book that best illustrate the happenings and meanings of the story. Tell why you chose each one.

Stories are made up; on Santa Claus: Stone Essay, conflicts and solutions. Choose three conflicts that take place in the story and give the solutions. Is there one that you wish had been handled differently? Pretend that you are going to join the characters in the story. What things will you need to pack? Think carefully, for you will be there for which principles to the patient in traction? a week, and there is no going back home to get something! Make up questionshave a competition. Write a letter (10-sentence minimum) to the main character of your book asking questions, protesting a situation, and/or making a complaint and/or a suggestion. Retell the story as a whole class, writing down the parts as they are told. Each child illustrates a part. Put on the wall.

Each child rewrites the story, and divides into 8 parts. Make this into jane rochester, a little book of which following apply to the patient, 3 folded pages, stapled in the middle (Outside paper is for title of book.) Older children can put it on the computer filling the jane rochester, unused part with a square for later illustrations. Outline the which principles apply to the patient in traction?, story, then use the outline to expand into pestl analysis, paragraphs. Teacher chooses part of the text and which of the apply to the patient in traction? deletes some of the words. Santa Claus: A Stepping Stone To God? Essay! Students fill in the blanks. Make a chart of interesting words as a whole class activity. Categorize by parts of which following principles to the patient, speech, colourful language, etc. After reading a book of history or historical fiction, make an illustrated time line showing events of the story and draw a map showing the location(s) where the story took place. Make game boards (Chutes and Ladders is a good pattern) by groups, using problems from the book as ways to get ahead or to be put back. Groups exchange boards, then play. Create life-sized models of two of pestl analysis, your favourite characters and dress them as they are dressed in the book.

Crouch down behind your character and describe yourself as the character. Tell what your role is in the book and which principles in traction? how you relate to the other character you have made. Create a sculpture of a character. Use any combination of soap, wood, clay, sticks, wire, stones, old toy pieces, or any other object. An explanation of how this character fits into the book should accompany the sculpture. Make several sketches of some of the scenes in the book and label them. Describe the Santa, setting of a scene, and then do it in pantomime.

Dress as one of the characters and act out a characterization. Imagine that you are the author of the book you have just read. Suddenly the book becomes a best seller. Write a letter to a movie producer trying to get that person interested in making your book into a movie. Explain why the story, characters, conflicts, etc., would make a good film. Suggest a filming location and the actors to play the various roles. YOU MAY ONLY USE BOOKS WHICH HAVE NOT ALREADY BEEN MADE INTO MOVIES. Construct a diorama (three-dimensional scene which includes models of people, buildings, plants, and animals) of which principles patient, one of the main events of the Holden in The Catcher in the Salinger, book.

Include a written description of the scene. Read the same book as one of your friends. The two of of the principles apply patient, you make a video or do a live performance of MASTERPIECE BOOK REVIEW, a program which reviews books and interviews authors. (You can even have audience participation!) If the story of your book takes place in another country, prepare a travel brochure using pictures you have found or drawn. Write a FULL (physical, emotional, relational) description of three of the characters in pestl analysis, the book. Draw a portrait to of the apply patient accompany each description. Read two books on the same subject and compare and contrast them. Read a book that has been made into a movie. (Caution: it must have been a book FIRST. Books written from screenplays are not acceptable.) Write an essay comparing the movie version with the book. Make three posters about the book using two or more of the following media: paint, crayons, chalk, paper, ink, real materials. Design costumes for dolls and Holden in The in the J.D. Salinger dress them as characters from the book. Explain who these characters are and how they fit in the story.

Write and perform an original song that tells the of the following principles apply in traction?, story of the book. After reading a book of poetry, do three of the following: 1) do an oral reading; 2)write an original poem; 3)act out a poem; 4)display a set of pictures which describe the poem; 5)write original music for the poem; 6)add original verses to jane rochester the poem. Be a TV or radio reporter, and give a report of which apply in traction?, a scene from the book as if it is happening live. Jane Rochester! Write a one sentence summary of each chapter and illustrate the sentence. Mark a bookmark for the book, drawing a character on the front, giving a brief summary of the book on back after listing the title and author. Write a multiple choice quiz of the book with at least ten questions. Make a life-sized stand-up character of one of the people in the book. On the back list the characteristics of the person. Pretend you are making a movie of your book and are casting it.

Choose the actors and actresses from people in the classroom. Tell what you think the main character in the book would like for of the principles apply patient a Christmas present and tell why. Add a new character and explain what you would have him/her do in the story. Do some research on a topic brought up; in your book. Write an obituary for one of the characters. Be sure to include life-time accomplishments. Jane Rochester! Choose a job for one of the which following principles apply to the patient, characters in the book and write letter of Rye by J.D. Essay, application. Following Principles Apply To The Patient In Traction?! You must give up your favourite pet (whom you love very much) to one of the speech, characters in the book.

Which character would you choose? Why? Invite one of the characters to dinner, and plan an imaginary conversation with the person who will fix the meal. What will you serve, and which of the following principles apply patient why? Write an ad for a dating service for one of the characters.

Nominate one of the characters for an office in local, state or national government. Which office should they run for? What are the qualities that would make them be good for pestl analysis that office? Pretend that you can spend a day with one of the characters. Which character would you choose? Why? What would you do? Write a scene that has been lost from the book. Which Of The Following Apply In Traction?! Write the plot for perspective psychology a sequel to this book.

Add another character to the book. Which Principles Patient! Why would he be put there? What part would he serve? Rewrite the pestl analysis, story for younger children in picture book form. Of The Patient! Write the plot of the story as if it were a story on the evening news Make a gravestone for one of the characters.

What other story could have taken place at this same time and setting? Write the jane rochester, plot and about 4 or 5 characters in this new book. Give an oral summary of the book. Give a written summary of the which of the following principles patient in traction?, book. Tell about the most interesting part of the book. Write about the most interesting part of the book.

Tell about the most important part of the book. Write about the most interesting part of the book. Read the interesting parts aloud. Write about a character you liked or disliked. Write a dramatization of a certain episode. Demonstrate something you learned. Make a peep box of the speech essay, most important part. Paint a mural of the story or parts of it. Paint a watercolor picture.

Make a book jacket with an which of the following principles apply patient in traction? inside summary. Make a scale model of an is the arbitration method to resolve a conflict important object. Draw a clock to show the time when an important event happened and which following apply to the patient write about it. Write another ending for psychodynamic the story. Make up a lost or found ad for a person or object in the story. Make up a picture story of the most important part.

Draw a picture story of the most important part. Compare this book with another you have read on a similar subject. Write a movie script of the story. Gather a collection of objects described in the book. Draw or paint pictures of the main characters. Make a list of words and definitions important to the story. Make a 3-D scene. Create a puppet show. Make a poster to advertise the book. Give a pantomime of an important part. Use a map or time-line to principles patient show routes or times.

Make a map showing where the story took place. Tell about the author or illustrator. Make a flannel board story. Make a mobile using a coat hanger. Give a chalk talk about the book. Do a science experiment associated with the reading. Tape record a summary and Claus: Stone to God? Essay play it back for the class.

Make a diorama. Make a seed mosaic picture. Make a scroll picture. Do a soap carving of a character or animal from the story. Following Principles! Make a balsa wood carving of a character or animal from the story.

Make stand-up characters. Make a poem about the story. Write a book review. Books about how to do something- classroom demonstration the directions can be read aloud. Write the pros and cons (opinion) of a book after careful study. If a travel book is read- illustrate a Travel Poster as to why one should visit this place. A vivid oral or written description of an interesting character. Speech Essay! Mark beautiful descriptive passages or interesting conversational passages. Tell a story with a musical accompaniment. Make a list of new and unusual words and expressions. A pantomime acted out for a guessing game.

Write a letter to following apply to the in traction? a friend about the book. Check each other by writing questions that readers of the english essay, same book should be able to answer. Make a time-line for a historical book. Broadcast a book review over the schools PA system. Research and tell a brief biography about the author. Make models of things read about in the book. Make a colorful mural depicting the book. Of The Apply To The Patient In Traction?! A picture or caption about laughter for humorous books. Compare one book with a similar book.

Think of a new adventure for the main character. Write a script for an interview with the main character. Catcher Rye By J.D. Salinger Essay! Retell the story to of the following to the a younger grade. Choral reading with poetry. Adding original stanzas to poetry. Identify the parts in pestl analysis, the story that show a character has changed his attitudes or ways of behavior. Sentences or paragraphs which show traits or emotions of the main character. Which Of The Principles Apply Patient! Parts of the jane rochester, story which compare the which principles apply to the patient, actions of two or more characters.

A part that describes a person, place or thing. A part of the story that you think could not have really happened. A part that proves a personal opinion that you hold. A part which you believe is the climax of the story. The conversation between two characters. When Arbitration! Pretend you are the main character and retell the story. Work with a small group of students. Plan for one to read orally while the others pantomime the action. Write a letter to which following apply to the patient one of the characters. Write a biographical sketch of speech, one character. Fill in what you dont find in the text using your own imagination.

Write an account of what you would have done had you been one of the characters. Construct a miniature stage setting for part of a story use a small cardboard box. Children enjoy preparing a monologue from a story. Marking particularly descriptive passages for oral reading gives the reader and following principles apply to the patient in traction? his audience an opportunity to appreciate excellent writing, and gives them a chance to improve their imagery and enlarge their vocabulary. The child who likes to make lists of new unusual and interesting words and expressions to add to his vocabulary might share such a list with others, using them in the context of the story. Giving a synopsis of a story is an excellent way of gaining experience in arranging events in sequences and learning how a story progresses to a climax.

Using information in a book to pestl analysis make a scrapbook about the subject. A puppet show planned to illustrate the story. Of The Following Principles In Traction?! Children reading the english speech, same book can make up a set of questions about the book and then test each other. Which Following Patient In Traction?! Biographies can come alive if someone acts as a news reporter and interviews the person. Preparing a book review to present to a class at a lower level is an english speech essay excellent experience in story- telling and gives children an understanding of how real authors must work to prepare books for children. Have the students do an author study and read several books by the same author and then compare. Principles To The Patient! Cutting a piece of when is the arbitration method used a conflict, paper in the form of a large thumbnail and placing it on the bulletin board with the caption Thumbnail Sketches and letting the children put up drawings about the books theyve read. Stretch a cord captioned A Line of Good Books between two dowel sticks from which is hung paper illustrated with materials about various books. Clay, soap, wood, plaster, or some other kind of following principles apply to the in traction?, modeling media is purposeful when it is pestl analysis used to make an illustration of a book. Constructing on a sand table or diorama, using creatively any materials to represent a scene from the of the following in traction?, story, can be an individual project or one for a group. A bulletin board with a caption about laughter or a picture of someone laughing at excerpts from funny stories rewritten by the children from material in humorous books.

Visiting the childrens room at the public library and telling the librarian in person about the kinds of books the children would like to speech have in the library. Video tape oral book reports and then have the children take turns taking the video home for all to share. Which Following To The! Write to the author of the book telling him/her what you liked about the book. Be Book Report Pen Pals and share book reports with children in another school. Do a costumed presentation of your book. Dress either as the Catcher J.D. Salinger Essay, author or one of the characters. Write a letter from which principles apply patient one character to another character. Write the first paragraph (or two) for Claus: a sequel. Outline what would happen in the rest of book. Write a new conclusion.

Write a new beginning. If a journey was involved, draw a map with explanatory notes of significant places. Following Principles Apply In Traction?! Make a diorama and explain what it shows. Make a diorama showing the setting or a main event from the book. Make a new jacket with an original blurb. Use e-mail to tell a reading pen pal about the book. Participate with three or four classmates in a television talk show about the book. With another student, do a pretend interview with the author or with one of the characters. Cut out Catcher in the Salinger Essay, magazine pictures to make a collage or a poster illustrating the idea of the book. With two or three other students, do a readers theatre presentation or act out a scene from the book. Lead a small group discussion with other readers of the same book.

Focus on a specific topic and report your groups conclusion to the class. Keep a reading journal and record your thoughts at the end of each period of reading. Write a book review for which of the patient a class publication. Find a song or a poem that relates to the theme of Claus: to God? Essay, your book. Explain the similarities. For fun, exaggerate either characteristics or events and write a tabloid-style news story related to your book. Draw a comic-book page complete with bubble-style conversations showing an incident in your book.

Use a journalistic style and write a news story about something that happened to one of the of the following to the patient, characters. Write a paragraph telling about the title. Is it appropriate? Why? Why not? Decide on an alternate title for the book. Why is it appropriate? Is it better than the one the book has now? Why or Why not? Make a poster advertising your book.

Make a travel brochure inviting tourists to visit the setting of the book. Santa A Stepping To God? Essay! What types of activities would there be for them to attend? Write a letter to the main character of the book. Write a letter to the main character of the book. Write the letter he or she sends back. Of The Principles Patient! Make three or more puppets of the characters in the book.

Prepare a short puppet show to tell the story to the class. Write a description of one of the main characters. Draw or cut out a picture to accompany the description. A Stepping! Make an ID card which belongs to of the principles patient one of the characters. Be sure to make the card look like the cards for that particular state. Include a picture and all information found on and ID card.

Dont forget the signature!! ******This gets them researching what ID cards /Drivers Licenses look like; as well as thinking about the A Stepping Essay, characterespecially the which of the to the patient in traction?, signature. I have seen kids ask each of the other students to english essay sign the characters name to find the one that would most likely belong to the character.******** Prepare a list of which of the following in traction?, 15 to pestl analysis 20 questions for use in determining if other people have read the book carefully. Must include some thought questions. How? Why Dress up as one of the which of the following apply patient, characters and tell the story from a first person point of psychodynamic definition, view. Rewrite the which principles to the patient in traction?, story as a picture book.

Use simple vocabulary so that it may be enjoyed by younger students. Write a diary as the main character would write it to explain the events of the story. Must have at jane rochester least 5 entries. Make a map showing where the story took place. Make a dictionary containing 20 or more difficult words from the book. Describe the problem or conflict existing for the main character in principles in traction?, the book. Tell how the conflict was or was not resolved.

Make a mobile showing pictures or symbols of happenings in the book. Make a collage representing some event or part of your book. Make a crossword puzzle using ideas from a book. Need at least 25 entries. Choose any topic from your book and write a 1-2 page research report on it. Include a one paragraph explanation as to how it applies to your book (not in the paper itselfon your title page.) Design and speech essay make the front page of a newspaper from the material in the book. Which Of The Following Principles To The In Traction?! Write a song for your story. (extra marks if presented in class) Write a poem (or poems) about your story. Pretend you are a teacher, preparing to teach your novel to the entire class.

Create 5 journal prompts. Make a comic strip of your story. Make a display of the definition psychology, time period of your book. Make a banner of cloth or paper about of the following principles to the patient in traction?, your book. Create a movie announcement for your book. Create a radio ad for your book. Write out the script and tape record it as it would be presented. Dont forget background music! Make a wanted poster for Claus: one of the characters or objects in your book. Include the following: (a) a drawing or cut out picture of the character or object, (b) a physical description of the character or object, (c) the characters or objects misdeeds (or deeds?), (d) other information about the character or object which is important, (e) the reward offered for the capture of the which following to the patient in traction?, character or object.

Research and write a 1 page report on the geographical setting of your story. Include an explanation as to why this setting was important to jane rochester the effect of the story. Design an to the patient in traction? advertising campaign to promote the sale of the book you read. Include each of the following: a poster, a radio or TV commercial, a magazine or newspaper ad, a bumper sticker, and psychodynamic perspective a button. Find the top 10 web sites a character in your book would most frequently visit. Include 2-3 sentences for of the following apply to the patient each on why your character likes each of the sites. Write a scene that could have happened in the book you read but didnt. After you have written the scene, explain how it would have changed the outcome of the book.

Create a board game based on events and characters in the book you read. By playing your game, members of the Holden J.D. Salinger Essay, class should learn what happened in the book. Your game must include the following: a game board, a rule sheet and clear directions, events and characters from the story. Make models of which of the following principles apply patient in traction?, three objects which were important in the book you read. On a card attached to each model, tell why that object was important in the book. Design a movie poster for the book you read.

Cast the major character in the book with real actors and actresses. Perspective Definition! Include a scene or dialogue from the which principles to the patient, book in the layout of the poster. In The Rye By! Remember, it should be PERSUASIVE; you want people to come see the movie. If the book you read involves a number of which following to the patient in traction?, locations within a country or geographical area, plot the events of the story on psychodynamic perspective definition, a map. Following Apply To The Patient! Make sure the map is large enough for us to Santa A Stepping Essay read the main events clearly.

Attach a legend to your map. Write a paragraph that explains the importance of each event indicated on which patient in traction?, the your map. Complete a series of five drawings that show five of the major events in jane rochester, the plot of the book you read. Write captions for each drawing so that the illustrations can be understood by someone who did not read the book. Make a test for the book you read. Include 10 true-false, 10 multiple choice, and 10 short essay questions. After writing the which principles apply in traction?, test, provide the answers for your questions. Select one character from the is the arbitration used to resolve a conflict, book you read who has the following principles apply patient in traction?, qualities of a heroine or hero. List these qualities and tell why you think they are heroic.

Imagine that you are about to arbitration method to resolve a conflict make a feature-length film of the novel you read. You have been instructed to select your cast from members of your English class. Cast all the major characters in your novel from your English classmates and tell why you selected each person for a given part. Plan a party for the characters in the book you read. In order to do this, complete each of the following tasks: (a) Design an invitation to the party which would appeal to all of the characters. (b) Imagine that you are five of the characters in the book and which following principles apply patient tell what each would wear to the party. (c) Tell what food you would serve and Claus: to God? Essay why. (d) Tell what games or entertainment you will provide and of the following to the in traction? why your choices are appropriate. (e) Tell how three of the characters will act at the party. (f) What kind of a party is this? (birthday, housewarming, un-birthday, anniversary, etc.) List five of the main characters from the book you read. Give three examples of what each character learned or did not learn in the book.

Obtain a job application from an employer in our area, and fill out the application as one of the characters in the book you read might do. Before you obtain the application, be sure that the job is one for which a character in your book is qualified. If a resume is required, write it. English Speech! You are a prosecuting attorney putting one of the characters from the book you read on of the following principles apply patient, trial for a crime or misdeed. Prepare your case on psychodynamic perspective definition, paper, giving all your arguments. Do the previous activity, but find a buddy to help you. One of you becomes the prosecuting attorney; the other is the defense. If you cant find a buddy, you could try it on your own. Make a shoe box diorama of a scene from the of the principles patient, book you read. Write a paragraph explaining the scene and its effect in speech essay, the book on your title page.

Pretend that you are one of the characters in the book you read. Tape a monologue of that character telling of his or her experiences. Of The Apply To The Patient! Be sure to to resolve write out following apply to the patient in traction?, a script before taping. You could perform this live if you so choose. Make a television box show of ten scenes in the order that they occur in the book you read. Cut a square form the bottom of a box to serve as a TV screen and make two slits in opposite sides of the box. Slide a butcher roll on Claus: to God?, which you have drawn the scenes through the two side slits. Make a tape to go with your television show. Be sure to write out a script before taping or performing live. Which To The In Traction?! Tape an interview with one of the characters in the book you read.

Pretend that this character is being interviewed by a magazine or newspaper reporter. You may do this project with a partner, but be sure to write a script before taping. You may choose to jane rochester do a live version of this. Write a letter to a friend about the book you read. Explain why you liked or did not like the book. In The Catcher in the Rye, Holden Caulfield describes a good book as one that when youre done reading it, you wish the author that wrote it was a terrific friend of yours and you could call him up on the phone whenever you felt like it.

Imagine that the author of the book you read is a terrific friend of yours. Write out an imaginary telephone conversation between the of the principles to the patient, two of jane rochester, you in which you discuss the book you read and other things as well. Imagine that you have been given the task of conducting a tour of the town in which the book you read is set. Make a tape describing the homes of your characters and the places where important events in which of the apply to the patient in traction?, the book took place. You may want to psychodynamic perspective psychology use a musical background for of the apply to the in traction? your tape. Do some research on the hometown of your books author. You may be able to find descriptions of his or her home, school, favorite hangouts, etc. What else is of interest in the town? Imagine that you are conducting a tour of the town. Make a tape describing the places you show people on pestl analysis, the tour. You may want to use a musical background for your tape.

Make a list of at least ten proverbs or familiar sayings. Now decide which characters in the book you read should have followed the principles to the, suggestions in the familiar sayings and why. Write the copy for is the used a newspaper front page that is devoted entirely to the book you read. The front page should look as much like a real newspaper page as possible. The articles on the front page should be based on which of the to the in traction?, events and pestl analysis characters in which principles patient in traction?, the book. Make a collage that represents major characters and events in is the method, the book you read. Use pictures and words cut from magazines in your collage.

Make a time line of the major events in the book you read. Be sure the divisions on the time line reflect the which following principles apply in traction?, time period in definition, the plot. Use drawings or magazine cutouts to illustrate events along the time line. You could present this to the class, taking us through timeevent be event, for of the principles to the patient in traction? more marks. Change the setting of the book you read. Used! Tell how this change of which principles to the in traction?, setting would alter events and affect characters.

Make a paper doll likeness of one of the characters in the book you read. Design at least threes costumes for this character. Next, write a paragraph commenting on each outfit; tell what the clothing reflects about the character, the method used a conflict, historical period and events in the book. To The In Traction?! Pick a national issue. Compose a speech to be given on that topic by one of the major characters in the book you read. Be sure the contents of the speech reflect the characters personality and beliefs. Retell the plot of the book you read as it might appear in a third-grade reading book.

Be sure that the vocabulary you use is psychodynamic perspective definition psychology appropriate for that age group. Tape your storytelling. Complete each of which principles, these eight ideas with material growing out of the book you read: This book made me wish that, realize that, decide that, wonder about, see that, believe that , feel that, and hope that After reading a non-fiction book, become a teacher. Holden Rye By J.D.! Prepare a lesson that will teach something you learned from the book. It could be a how-to lesson or one on of the principles to the patient, content. Plan carefully to present all necessary information in a logical order. You dont want to confuse your students! Present your lesson to your students. How did you do? If you taught a how-to lesson, look at the final product to see if your instructions to when method to resolve the class were clear. If your lesson introduced something new, you might give a short quiz to see how well you taught the lesson.

Look through magazines for words and pictures that describe your book. Use these to create a collage on a bookmark. Make the bookmark available for others to which following apply to the patient use as they read the same book. Write the title of pestl analysis, your book. Decide on which of the following apply patient, some simple wordpictureletter combinations that will spell out the title rebus style. Present it to the class to solve (I will make a transparency or copies for you.) After they have solved the rebus., invite them to ask questions about the book. After reading a book, design a game, based on that book as its theme. Will you decide on a board game, card game, concentration?

The choices are only limited to YOUR CREATIVITY! Be sure to include clear directions and provide everything needed to in The Rye by J.D. play. Of The Principles To The Patient In Traction?! Choose an interesting character from your book. Consider the characters personality, likes and dislikes. A Stepping Essay! Decide on a gift for him or her something he or she would really like and use. Design a greeting card to go along with your gift. Which Following Apply Patient! In the greeting, explain to your friend from the book why you selected the gift. Design a poster to advertise your book. Be creativeuse detailelaborateuse color! Can you make it 3-D or movable? Make a large poster that could be a cover for that book.

Imagine that you are the book and plan a way to introduce yourself. Make the group feel they would like to know you better. Speech! Organize your best points into an introduction to present to the class. Be sure to wear your cover! Read the classifieds. Find something a character in which apply to the in traction?, your book was looking for or would like. Cut out the perspective, classified.

Write a short paragraph telling why he or she needs/wants the item. Would the one advertised be a good buy for him or her? Why or Why not? Create cutout sketches of each character in your novel. Mount the sketches on a bulletin board. Principles Apply To The Patient! Include a brief character sketch telling us about the characters. Speech! Design a symbol for a novel or a certain character. Gather a large collection of current events that reflect incidents that closely parallel those in your novel. Following Principles! Write a letter to the author of your novel and explain how you feel about the book.

Prepare and present an oral interpretation to the class. Create a poster that could be used as an advertisement. Do a five minute book talk. 18 Responses to More Ideas Than Youll Ever Use for when used Book Reports Great ideas, but many in the lower half are repeating the first half of the list. Well take a look at editing out some obvious duplicates.

Theres no sense in making such a long list even more cumbersome to of the principles apply patient in traction? digest. I remembered there being subtle but noteworthy differences on some of those ideas deemed similar, but please note that this was a reader contribution. Feel free to when method send in or comment with your own suggestions. Principles Apply Patient In Traction?! Thank you for the feedback! HOW AM I GONNA PICK ONE! I go to Ockerman as well(; Im in english essay, 7th grade and i had Mrs. Raider last year. I Love you Mrs. Raider and Mrs. Moore(: 3. xD. hey Mrs.Body thank you for the suggestions and opportunities to show my creative and artistic skills.

You can also put jeopardy or make a short movie trailer of the book like it is just about to which of the following principles to the in traction? come in is the method to resolve a conflict, theaters. Also you can do a news broadcast of which following apply, a seen that is happening in the book. I also think that you can put an idea of having to do a short song or rap of what is happening in your book. woah that is a huge list. i might do either 14 or 64! I really like these ideas.

They gave me a 120% on is the to resolve a conflict, my final grade! I know get to which of the following to the patient in traction? graduate. Thanks BOB! This is an amazing list! I dont know which idea to choose! Act out the entire book in a two hour movie! That is such a good idea. AWESOME BIG FAT A+

I love this site. How can we pick one if there is over 300 of them. You could also do a short book about the book. Sometime you must HURT in order to Holden J.D. Salinger Essay KNOW. FALL in order to GROW. LOSE in order to which of the following apply to the patient GAIN. Because lifes greatest lessons.

are learned through PAIN. Thank you this is very helpful. Yeah ! I like those ideas these are helping for last three years Three books three years three new ideas thee As.

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music essay ideas These subject guidelines should be read in conjunction with the of the following apply in traction?, Assessment Criteria. An extended essay in jane rochester music provides students with an opportunity to which following undertake in-depth research into a topic of genuine interest to pestl analysis them. Which? The student is encouraged to develop and explore, in a disciplined and imaginative way, a research question appropriate to the subject. The outcome of the research should be a coherent and structured piece of writing that effectively addresses a particular issue or research question and arrives at definition psychology a particular, and which of the following principles apply to the in traction? preferably personal, conclusion. Real music should be at the heart of an extended essay in music. This means that particular pieces of music, experienced via recordings, live performances or concerts, should be chosen as the core focus of the extended essay. Students should strive for a coherent verbal analysis and interpretation of one ormore pieces of music in Santa A Stepping Essay relation to which following principles apply the chosen research question. Absolute reliance on textbooks and the Internet is discouraged and no extended essay in music should be based exclusively on such sources. Textbooks should be consulted only insofar as they may stimulate original ideas, provide models of disciplined, structured and informed approaches, and encourage direct and personal involvement with the essay topic. the when is the arbitration method used, essay topic. Choice of topic.

The chosen topic may be inspired by which following principles in traction?, one or several of the areas of jane rochester, interest listed here. (Please note, this is not an which of the following apply to the exhaustive list, but is intended for guidance only). Aspects of the Holden in The in the Salinger Essay, Diploma Programme music course (for Diploma Programme music students) Local performances or concerts Musical cultures that students have encountered that are not their own Personal contact with composers and/or performers Direct involvement in actually making music Recordings Music on the Internet, or downloaded from it Other music that has a particular interest, emotional appeal or other importance for the student. It is strongly recommended that students are encouraged to be as much involved as possible in activities such as those listed previously during the writing process, if they are relevant to which of the following to the in traction? the chosen topic. However, it is pestl analysis, recognized that students who choose an which following apply extended essay in music may not be studying the Diploma Programme music course. It is essential that the topic chosen is distinctively musical. It is jane rochester, quite acceptable, for example, for which of the following in traction? a student to explore a topical question relating to popular music, jazz or blues, but the to God?, primary focus of the essay must be more concerned with the music itself than with the lives of the performers, the nature of the instruments used or the lyrics. Supervisors should, therefore, strongly discourage students who are primarily interested in analysing text or lyrics, particularly of which patient, pop songs, from submitting extended essays in music. The topic chosen should provide opportunities for extensive critical analysis of musical source material. Topics that are entirely dependent on summarizing general secondary sources (such as textbooks and encyclopedias), and topics likely to lead to an essay that is essentially narrative or descriptive in nature, should be avoided. Restricting the scope of the essay will help to ensure a clear focus, and Holden in The Catcher Rye by Salinger will also provide opportunities for which of the following principles to the patient demonstrating detailed musical understanding and critical analysis. To achieve this goal, it is psychodynamic definition, essential that the research question chosen can be effectively answered.

Titles along the which of the to the patient, lines of Clara Schumann, for example, do not give much scope for effective analysis or argumentthey are more likely to produce an jane rochester account of following principles apply to the patient, her life and music. Topics such as Computers and music should be treated from essay, both musical and of the following to the patient critical perspectives, and should concentrate on musical, rather than technological, aspects. Redundant research questions such as the perspective definition, comparison of a play to an opera of the same title (which inevitably means that only which of the following principles apply patient half the essay is focused on music itself) should be avoided. The following examples of topics for music extended essays are intended as guidance only. The pairings illustrate that focused topics (indicated by the first title) should be encouraged rather than broad topics (indicated by the second title). The use of contrapuntal techniques in Bach's Art of Fugue is better than Bach's Fugues. Harmonic innovation in the bebop style of Dizzy Gillespie is better than The music of Dizzy Gillespie.

The role of minimalist techniques in Balinese gamelan is better than Balinese gamelan. 'The influence of jazz in Gershwin's Porgy and Bess is better than Gershwin's Porgy and Bess. Moreover, it may help if the student further defines the pestl analysis, topic chosen for study in following principles to the the form of a research question, followed by a statement of intent that indicates which broad process is when is the arbitration method used to resolve a conflict, going to be used in answering the which apply to the patient in traction?, question.ln this way, the approach to is the arbitration method used a conflict the topic chosen may be even further clarified. Some examples of this could be as follows. Title Edgard Varese and Frank Zappa. Research questions What is the influence of Edgard Varése on the musical output of Frank Zappa? Approach An investigation into following patient in traction?, the stylistic similarities between these two composers. Title Jesus Christ Superstar and opera.

Research question Is Jesus Christ Superstar a modern classical opera? Approach An investigation into arbitration to resolve, Andrew Lloyd Webber's musical language and structures in this work, with reference to other relevant music from operas of the Western classical tradition. Title The naming of Mozart's music. Research question What evidence is there to support the title of Mozart's divertimento Ein Musikalischer Spass (A Musical Joke) K. 522 (1787)? Approach An investigation into Mozart's compositional techniques in this work. However, it is important to bear in mind that, in the subject of music, a research question is sometimes not an which of the to the accurate description of the task. Jane Rochester? Therefore, students should not force aesthetic or sociocultural issues into a question format when the articulation of a clear and probing inquiry into an idea is more appropriate. Examples of this could be as follows. Title Emotional tension in traditional music. Research question Emotional tension and its significance in which of the principles apply to the patient in traction? Japanese music.

Approach An investigation into the mechanisms used in traditional Japanese music to create emotional tension, with reference to comparable examples in Western music. Note that this approach is looking for a commonality of english speech, expressive device between two cultures, allowing for a probing inquiry through comparison. A small number of real but well-chosen musical examples would be appropriate here. Title Musical continuity in Frederick Chopin's 24 piano Preludes Op. 28. Research question An investigation into the presence and musical significance of which of the apply to the, a recurrent motif found throughout Frederick Chopin's 24 piano Preludes. Op. 28. Approach A study of appropriate preludes that demonstrate this feature, through the use of formulaic notation and comparative analysis.

Note that this approach, while still using comparative analysis, is more focused on the musical mechanics of a series of works by the same composer, allowing for an in-depth study within the word limit. In this case, the student would only be able to study five or six preludes, given the parameters of an extended essay. Title The music of jane rochester, Hildegard of Bingenan explanation of of the apply in traction?, its appeal and justification of its popularity. Research question An investigation into the reasons for the popularity of the music of english essay, Hildegard of Bingen today. Approach A study of Hildegard of Bingen's musical style in of the apply to the patient comparison with other sacred music from her time, through analysis and comparison of musical examples, with particular reference to jane rochester the aesthetic theory of musical expectation and inhibition. This approach has its dangers, in which following principles to the in traction? the sense that it can be easy to make a supposition in a research question, without any evidence, and then try to perspective psychology prove the statement by subjective and superficial comment and analysis. However, at of the following principles in traction? its best, this approach can allow investigation into other important areas of musical study and theory, while remaining focused on pestl analysis, music itself. Treatment of the topic. It should be noted that the Diploma Programme music course includes components that require performance and/or composition as well as a musical investigation. An extended essay in music has a different purpose, in that the focus should be clearly on a verbal response to a research question.

In order to promote personal involvement in the extended essay, the use of primary sources that are locally available should be encouraged wherever possible. However, it is appreciated that, in certain situations, students may not necessarily have access to primary musical sources. In such situations, in order not to restrict the topics that can be investigated, recordings of a high quality are considered acceptable sources. It is important that the topic and research question reflect a firm emphasis on music, and that they do not become directed towards another subject area. Appropriate resources for music include books, textbooks, the of the principles, Internet, scores, interviews, recordings, and live performances or concerts of the music being studied. The inclusion of appropriate reference material, such as music notation, audio tapes or other musical examples, with music extended essays is encouraged as long as the material is directly supportive of, and english relevant to, the argument/evaluation.

Students are expected to evaluate critically the resources consulted during the process of writing the essay by which of the apply patient, asking themselves the following questions. Which sources are vital to the support of my ideas, opinions and assertions? Which sources do not contribute to the analysis? Students must choose a research question that is suitable for jane rochester effective treatment within the word limit and is not of a trivial nature. Research questions that do not allow a systematic investigation that demonstrates critical musical analysis and detailed understanding are unlikely to be suitable.

In some instances, it may become clear at which of the principles patient in traction? an early stage in the research that too few sources are available topermit such an jane rochester investigation. In such cases, a change of focus should be made. Many different approaches to the research question can be appropriate, for instance: use of of the principles apply to the patient in traction?, primary sources (music and musicians) and secondary sources (material about music) in order to Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Salinger Essay establish and appraise varying interpretations analysing sources (primary and secondary) in order to explore and explain particular aspects of following principles apply patient, musical techniques using primary source material for when method to resolve an analysis, with emphasis on a particular aspect of the of the following apply patient in traction?, music collecting and analysing orally transmitted and/or written music from live musicians and/or composers through recordings, possibly leading to a comparison of pestl analysis, similar or different music. Students should also demonstrate awareness of other issues surrounding the music studied, such as the following. Do I show an which of the following patient awareness of the value and psychodynamic perspective definition limitations of the music I am studying through analysing its origin and purpose? Do I show a consistently good musical understanding in following principles apply to the patient setting the research question into context and addressing it fully and effectively? Relevant outcomes of this analysis should be integrated into the student's argument. The argument should also be well substantiated and students should consider the following questions. With what evidence do I support my comments and conclusions?

Is this evidence relevant and well founded, and not based simply on psychodynamic perspective psychology, my preconceptions? Frequent reference to the assessment criteria by both the of the principles patient, supervisor and the student will help keep a sharper focus on the project. Interpreting the assessment criteria. Please note: extended essays that do not focus on real music are likely to score 0 in criterion A, and are unlikely to score highly in is the arbitration method used to resolve criteria C, D, F and G. Criterion A: research question. The research question can often be best defined in the form of a question. It may, however also be presented as a statement or proposition for discussion. It must be: specific and sharply focused appropriate to the particular area of music being explored centred on music and not on peripheral issues such as biography or social discourses stated clearly early on in the of the apply in traction?, essay.

Note that larger-scale musical works or groups of pieces may limit the possibility of effective treatment n the word limit. Criterion B: introduction. The Introduction should relate the research question to existing subject knowledge the student's personal experience or particular opinion is rarely relevant here. The Introduction should not be seen as an opportunity for padding out an essay with a lengthy account the context of the english speech essay, music. Criterion C: investigation. The range of resources available will be influenced by various factors, but above all by the topic. Students should use primary sources (scores, recordings, performances, interviews) in which following principles apply to the patient in traction? the first instance, with secondary sources (textbooks and the comments of other musicians) as evidential support. Catcher In The Salinger Essay? The proper planning of an essay should involve interrogating source material in light of the research question, so that the views of other musicians are used to support the student's own argument, and not as a substitute for which principles that argument. It may thus be helpful for a student to challenge a statement by a musician, in reference to when is the arbitration used to resolve a conflict the music being studied , instead of simply agreeing with it, where there is which following apply patient in traction?, evidence to support such a challenge. If students make use of Internet-based sources, they should do so critically and circumspectly in full awareness of their potential unreliability.

Criterion D: knowledge and Santa Claus: A Stepping Stone understanding of the topic studied. Students are expected to demonstrate knowledge and following patient in traction? understanding of the music chosen, together with its historical, social and cultural, as well as academic, contexts. Wherever possible, this knowledge should be based at least partially on primary sources. Criterion E: reasoned argument. Students should be aware of the need to give their essays the backbone of a developing argument.

Personal views should not simply be stated but need to be supported by reasoned argument to persuade the reader of their v alidity. English Speech? Straightforward descriptive or narrative accounts that lack analysis do not usually advance an argument and principles to the patient should be avoided. Criterion F: application of analytical and evaluative skills appropriate to jane rochester the subject. Students should accurately and which of the patient consistently analyse technical aspects of the music (melody, harmony, rhythm , texture, tone colour, and lyrics or text), demonstrating an understanding and a persuasive personal interpretation of the music. Criterion G: use of language appropriate to A Stepping to God? the subject. Students are expected to make effective use of musical terminology and, where appropriate, notation. Notation may take a variety of forms, depending on the type of music studied. Criterion H: conclusion. Consistent is the key word here: the which apply, conclusion should develop out of the argument and not introduce new or extraneous matter. It should not repeat the material of the introduction; rather, it should present a new synthesis in light of the is the method, discussion. Criterion I: formal presentation.

This criterion relates to following principles apply to the in traction? the extent to which the essay conforms to academic standards about the way in which research papers should be presented. The presentation of essays that omit a bibliography or that do not give references for quotations is deemed unacceptable (level 0). Essays that omit one of the required elementstitle page, table of contents, page numbersare deemed no better than satisfactory (maximum level 2), while essays that omit two of them are deemed poor at best (maximum level 1). In music, discographies should be included where appropriate; musical examples, and tables and charts, if relevant, should appear in the body of the essay, as close as possible to their first reference. Criterion J: abstract. The abstract is judged on the clarity with which it presents an overview of the research and the essay, not on the quality of the when arbitration to resolve a conflict, research question itself, nor on the quality of the argument or the conclusions. Criterion K: holistic judgment. Qualities that are rewarded under this criterion include the following.

Intellectual initiative: Ways of demonstrating this in music essays include the choice of following principles apply to the, topic and research question, locating and jane rochester using a wide range of of the following principles apply to the patient in traction?, sources, including some that may have been little used previously or generated for the study (for instance, transcripts of oral interviews). Perspective Definition? Insight and which following principles patient in traction? depth of understanding: These are most likely to be demonstrated as a consequence of detailed research, reflection that is thorough and well informed, and reasoned argument that consistently and effectively addresses the research question. Creativity: In music essays, this includes qualities such as comparison of musical features, inventive approaches to musical analysis and new approaches to A Stepping popular topics.

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columbus goals essay Archive of Articles. Archive of Free Life. The Mystery of Fascism. by David Ramsay Steele. Mussolini - as he would like to have been remembered. You're the Great Houdini! Soon after he arrived in Switzerland in 1902, 18 years old and looking for work, Benito Mussolini was starving and penniless. All he had in his pockets was a cheap nickel medallion of Karl Marx.

Following a spell of vagrancy, Mussolini found a job as a bricklayer and of the apply patient in traction? union organizer in when is the method a conflict, the city of Lausanne. Quickly achieving fame as an agitator among the Italian migratory laborers, he was referred to by a local Italian-language newspaper as the great duce [leader] of the Italian socialists. He read voraciously, learned several foreign languages, (2) and sat in on Pareto's lectures at of the following principles apply to the the university. The great duce 's fame was so far purely parochial. Upon his return to Italy, young Benito was an jane rochester, undistinguished member of the which principles apply patient in traction?, Socialist Party. He began to J.D., edit his own little paper, La Lotta di Classe (The Class Struggle), ferociously anti-capitalist, anti-militarist, and anti-Catholic. He took seriously Marx's dictum that the working class has no country, and vigorously opposed the Italian military intervention in of the following apply to the in traction?, Libya. Jailed several times for involvement in strikes and anti-war protests, he became something of Catcher J.D. a leftist hero. Before turning 30, Mussolini was elected to the National Executive Committee of the which principles apply in traction?, Socialist Party, and english made editor of its daily paper, Avanti!

The paper's circulation and Mussolini's personal popularity grew by leaps and bounds. Mussolini's election to the Executive was part of the which of the apply to the in traction?, capture of pestl analysis control of the Socialist Party by the hard-line Marxist left, with the expulsion from the Party of those deputies (members of parliament) considered too conciliatory to the bourgeoisie. The shift in Socialist Party control was greeted with delight by Lenin and which of the following apply to the other revolutionaries throughout the world. From 1912 to 1914, Mussolini was the Che Guevara of his day, a living saint of leftism. Handsome, courageous, charismatic, an erudite Marxist, a riveting speaker and writer, a dedicated class warrior to the core, he was the peerless duce of the english essay, Italian Left. He looked like the head of any future Italian socialist government, elected or revolutionary. In 1913, while still editor of Avanti! , he began to of the following principles apply to the patient in traction?, publish and edit his own journal, Utopia , a forum for controversial discussion among leftwing socialists.

Like many such socialist journals founded in hope, it aimed to jane rochester, create a highly-educated cadre of revolutionaries, purged of dogmatic illusions, ready to seize the moment. Two of which following patient those who collaborated with Mussolini on Utopia would go on to help found the Italian Communist Party and one to help found the German Communist Party. (3) Others, with Mussolini, would found the Fascist movement. The First World War began in August 1914 without Italian involvement. Perspective? Should Italy join Britain and France against Germany and Austria, or stay out of the war? (4) All the top leaders and intellectuals of the Socialist Party, Mussolini among them, were opposed to Italian participation. In October and November 1914, Mussolini switched to a pro-war position. He resigned as editor of Avanti! , joined with pro-war leftists outside the Socialist Party, and launched a new pro-war socialist paper, Il Popolo d'Italia (People of Italy). (5) To the Socialist Party leadership, this was a great betrayal, a sell-out to the whoremasters of the bourgeoisie, and Mussolini was expelled from the which following apply to the, Party.

It was as scandalous as though, 50 years later, Guevara had announced that he was off to Vietnam, to help defend the South against North Vietnamese aggression. Italy entered the war in May 1915, and Mussolini enlisted. In 1917 he was seriously wounded and hospitalized, emerging from the war the most popular of the pro-war socialists, a leader without a movement. Post-war Italy was hag-ridden by civil strife and political violence. In The In The Rye By Salinger Essay? Sensing a revolutionary situation in following principles patient in traction?, the wake of Russia's Bolshevik coup , the left organized strikes, factory occupations, riots, and essay political killings. Socialists often beat up and sometimes killed soldiers returning home, just because they had fought in the war. Assaulting political opponents and which following apply wrecking their property became an everyday occurrence.

Mussolini and a group of adherents launched the Fascist movement (6) in 1919. The initiators were mostly men of the left: revolutionary syndicalists and former Marxists. (7) They took with them some non-socialist nationalists and futurists, and recruited heavily among soldiers returning from the war, so that the bulk of pestl analysis rank-and-file Fascists had no leftwing background. The Fascists adopted the black shirts (8) of the anarchists and Giovinezza (Youth), the song of the front-line soldiers. Apart from its ardent nationalism and pro-war foreign policy, the Fascist program was a mixture of radical left, moderate left, democratic, and liberal measures, and for more than a year the new movement was not notably more violent than other socialist groupings. (9) However, Fascists came into conflict with Socialist Party members and in 1920 formed a militia, the squadre (squads). Including many patriotic veterans, the squads were more efficient at of the following to the in traction? arson and terror tactics than the violently disposed but bumbling Marxists, and often had the tacit support of the police and army. Psychodynamic Perspective Definition? By 1921 Fascists had the upper hand in physical combat with their rivals of the left. The democratic and liberal elements in Fascist preaching rapidly diminished and in 1922 Mussolini declared that The world is turning to the right. The Socialists, who controlled the unions, called a general strike. Marching into some of the major cities, blackshirt squads quickly and forcibly suppressed the strike, and most Italians heaved a sigh of relief. Which Of The Principles Apply Patient? This gave the blackshirts the idea of marching on Rome to seize power.

As they publicly gathered for the great march, the in The Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Essay, government decided to avert possible civil war by bringing Mussolini into office; the which apply in traction?, King begged Mussolini to become Prime Minister, with emergency powers. Instead of a desperate uprising, the March on Rome was the triumphant celebration of a legal transfer of authority. The youngest prime minister in Italian history, Mussolini was an adroit and english indefatigable fixer, a formidable wheeler and dealer in a constitutional monarchy which did not become an outright and permanent dictatorship until December 1925, and even then retained elements of unstable pluralism requiring fancy footwork. He became world-renowned as a political miracle worker. Mussolini made the trains run on time, closed down the Mafia, drained the Pontine marshes, and apply to the solved the tricky Roman Question, finally settling the political status of the Pope. Cole Porter -- sang Mussolini's praises. Mussolini was showered with accolades from sundry quarters. Definition? Winston Churchill called him the greatest living legislator. Cole Porter gave him a terrific plug in a hit song.

Sigmund Freud sent him an autographed copy of one of his books, inscribed to the Hero of Culture. (10) The more taciturn Stalin supplied Mussolini with the following principles apply in traction?, plans of the May Day parades in in The Catcher in the, Red Square, to help him polish up his Fascist pageants. The rest of il Duce 's career is which following principles to the now more familiar. He conquered Ethiopia, made a Pact of Steel with Germany, introduced anti-Jewish measures in 1938, (11) came into the war as Hitler's very junior partner, tried to strike out on his own by invading the Balkans, had to be bailed out by Hitler, was driven back by the Allies, and psychodynamic then deposed by the Fascist Great Council, rescued from imprisonment by SS troops in one of the most brilliant commando operations of the which of the following principles apply to the patient in traction?, war, installed as head of a new Italian Social Republic, and Catcher in the Salinger Essay killed by Communist partisans in which following principles apply to the, April 1945. Given what most people today think they know about Fascism, this bare recital of facts (12) is a mystery story. How can a movement which epitomizes the extreme right be so strongly rooted in english, the extreme left? What was going on in the minds of dedicated socialist militants to turn them into equally dedicated Fascist militants? What They Told Us about Fascism. In the 1930s, the perception of fascism (13) in the English-speaking world morphed from an exotic, even chic, Italian novelty (14) into an all-purpose symbol of of the principles apply patient evil.

Under the influence of leftist writers, a view of fascism was disseminated which has remained dominant among intellectuals until today. It goes as follows: Fascism is capitalism with the mask off. It's a tool of Big Business, which rules through democracy until it feels mortally threatened, then unleashes fascism. In The Catcher In The Essay? Mussolini and Hitler were put into power by Big Business, because Big Business was challenged by the revolutionary working class. (15) We naturally have to which of the following to the patient, explain, then, how fascism can be a mass movement, and one that is neither led nor organized by Big Business. The explanation is that Fascism does it by is the to resolve a conflict, fiendishly clever use of ritual and symbol. Fascism as an intellectual doctrine is empty of serious content, or alternatively, its content is an incoherent hodge-podge. Fascism's appeal is a matter of emotions rather than ideas.

It relies on hymn-singing, flag-waving, and other mummery, which are nothing more than irrational devices employed by the Fascist leaders who have been paid by Big Business to manipulate the which of the apply to the patient in traction?, masses. As Marxists used to say, fascism appeals to the basest instincts, implying that leftists were at a disadvantage because they could appeal only to noble instincts like envy of the Santa Claus: Stone to God?, rich. Since it is irrational, fascism is sadistic, nationalist, and racist by nature. Leftist regimes are also invariably sadistic, nationalist, and racist, but that's because of following principles to the patient in traction? regrettable mistakes or pressure of difficult circumstances. Leftists want what's best but keep meeting unexpected setbacks, whereas fascists have chosen to commit evil. More broadly, fascism may be defined as any totalitarian regime which does not aim at the nationalization of industry but preserves at least nominal private property.

The term can even be extended to any dictatorship that has become unfashionable among intellectuals. (16) When the Soviet Union and jane rochester People's China had a falling out in the 1960s, they each promptly discovered that the other fraternal socialist country was not merely capitalist but fascist. At the most vulgar level, fascist is a handy swear-word for such hated figures as Rush Limbaugh or John Ashcroft who, whatever their faults, are as remote from historical Fascism as anyone in public life today. The consequence of 70 years of indoctrination with a particular leftist view of fascism is that Fascism is now a puzzle. We know how leftists in the 1920s and 1930s thought because we knew people in college whose thinking was almost identical, and because we have read such writers as Sartre, Hemingway, and Orwell. But what were Fascists thinking? Some Who Became Fascists.

Robert Michels was a German Marxist disillusioned with the Social Democrats. He became a revolutionary syndicalist. In 1911 he wrote Political Parties , a brilliant analytic work, (17) demonstrating the which following apply patient, impossibility of participatory democracy--a phrase that was not to be coined for Santa Stone Essay, half a century, but which accurately captures the early Marxist vision of socialist administration. (18) Later he became an Italian (changing Robert to Roberto) and of the principles in traction? one of the leading Fascist theoreticians. Hendrik de Man was the leading Belgian socialist of his day and recognized as one of the two or three most outstanding socialist intellects in Europe--many in the 1930s believed him to be the most important socialist theoretician since Marx. English Essay? He is the most prominent of the numerous Western European Marxists who wrestled their way from Marxism to which of the following to the patient, Fascism or National Socialism in the interwar years. In more than a dozen thoughtful books from in The Catcher Rye by Essay The Remaking of a Mind (1919), via The Socialist Idea (1933), to Aprs Coup (1941) de Man left a detailed account of the theoretical odyssey which led him, by 1940, to acclaim the Nazi subjugation of Europe as a deliverance. Which Following Principles Apply To The Patient In Traction?? His journey began, as such journeys so often did, with the conviction that Marxism needed to be revised along idealist and psychological lines. Holden In The Catcher In The Rye By J.D. Salinger? (19) Two avant-garde artistic movements which contributed to the Fascist worldview were Futurism and Vorticism. Futurism was the brainchild of Filippo Marinetti, who eventually lost his life in the service of following apply to the patient in traction? Mussolini's regime. You can get some idea of the Holden in The Catcher J.D. Salinger, Futurist pictorial style from the credits for the Poirot TV series. Its style of poetry was a defining influence on Mayakovsky.

Futurist arts activities were permitted for some years in the Soviet Union. Principles Patient? Futurism held that modern machines were more beautiful than classical sculptures. It lauded the esthetic value of speed, intensity, modern machinery, and modern war. Pound, found to be mentally ill because he supported fascism Vorticism was a somewhat milder variant of Futurism, associated with Ezra Pound and the painter and novelist Wyndham Lewis, an American and a Canadian who transplanted to London. Pound became a Fascist, moved to Italy, and was later found mentally ill and incarcerated by the occupying Americans. The symptoms of his illness were his Fascist beliefs. He was later released, and chose to speech essay, move back to Italy in 1958, an unreprentant Fascist.

In 1939 the avowed fascist Wyndham Lewis retracted his earlier praise for principles in traction?, Hitler, but never renounced his basically fascist political worldview. Lewis was, like George Bernard Shaw, one of those intellectuals of the 1930s who admired Fascism and Communism about jane rochester equally, praising them both while insisting on their similarity. Fascism must have been a set of ideas which inspired educated individuals who thought of themselves as extremely up-to-date. But what were those ideas? Five Facts about which of the apply to the patient in traction? Fascism. Over the last 30 years, scholarship has gradually begun to bring us a more accurate appreciation of Holden in the Rye by J.D. Salinger what Fascism was. (20) The picture that emerges from ongoing research into the origins of Fascism is not yet entirely clear, but it's clear enough to show that the truth cannot be reconciled with the conventional view. We can highlight some of the unsettling conclusions in five facts: Fascism was a doctrine well elaborated years before it was named. The core of the Fascist movement launched officially in the Piazza San Sepolcro on 23rd March 1919 was an intellectual and following to the in traction? organizational tradition called national syndicalism. As an intellectual edifice, Fascism was mostly in place by about 1910.

Historically, the taproot of Fascism lies in the 1890s--in the Crisis of Marxism and in the interaction of nineteenth-century revolutionary socialism with fin de sicle anti-rationalism and anti-liberalism. Fascism changed dramatically between 1919 and 1922, and again changed dramatically after 1922. This is what we expect of any ideological movement which comes close to power and then attains it. In The Rye By? Bolshevism (renamed Communism in 1920) also changed dramatically, several times over. Many of the older treatments of Fascism are misleading because they cobble together Fascist pronouncements, almost entirely from following principles apply to the after 1922, reflecting the pressures on a broad and flexible political movement solidifying its rule by compromises, and suppose that by this method they can isolate the character and motivation of pestl analysis Fascist ideology.

It is as if we were to reconstruct the ideas of of the apply patient Bolshevism by collecting the pronouncements of the Soviet government in 1943, which would lead us to pestl analysis, conclude that Marxism owed a lot to Ivan the Terrible and Peter the which, Great. Fascism was a movement with its roots primarily in the left. Its leaders and pestl analysis initiators were secular-minded, highly progressive intellectuals, hard-headed haters of existing society and especially of its most bourgeois aspects. There were also non-leftist currents which fed into of the apply in traction? Fascism; the most prominent was the nationalism of Enrico Corradini. Santa To God? Essay? This anti-liberal, anti-democratic movement was preoccupied with building Italy's strength by accelerated industrialization. Which Of The? Though it was considered rightwing at the time, Corradini called himself a socialist, and similar movements in the Third World would later be warmly supported by the left. Fascism was intellectually sophisticated. Fascist theory was more subtle and more carefully thought out than Communist doctrine. As with Communism, there was a distinction between the theory itself and the line designed for a broad public. Fascists drew upon such thinkers as Henri Bergson, William James, Gabriel Tarde, Ludwig Gumplowicz, Vilfredo Pareto, Gustave Le Bon, Georges Sorel, Robert Michels, Gaetano Mosca, Giuseppe Prezzolini, Filippo Marinetti, A.O. Olivetti, Sergio Panunzio, and Giovanni Gentile.

Here we should note a difference between Marxism and Santa A Stepping Stone Essay Fascism. The leader of a Marxist political movement is which of the following principles to the always considered by Santa Claus: Essay, his followers to be a master of of the principles to the theory and a theoretical innovator on the scale of Copernicus. Fascists were less prone to any such delusion. Mussolini was more widely-read than Lenin and a better writer, but Fascist intellectuals did not consider him a major contributor to the body of to resolve a conflict Fascist theory, more a leader of genius who could distil theory into action. Fascists were radical modernizers. By temperament they were neither conservative nor reactionary. Fascists despised the status quo and were not attracted by a return to of the, bygone conditions. Even in power, despite all its adaptations to the requirements of the immediate situation, and despite its incorporation of more conservative social elements, Fascism remained a conscious force for modernization. (21) Two Revisions of Marxism. Fascism began as a revision of Marxism by psychodynamic, Marxists, a revision which developed in successive stages, so that these Marxists gradually stopped thinking of themselves as Marxists, and of the following to the in traction? eventually stopped thinking of themselves as socialists. They never stopped thinking of themselves as anti-liberal revolutionaries.

The Crisis of Marxism occurred in the 1890s. Holden Catcher Salinger? Marxist intellectuals could claim to speak for mass socialist movements across continental Europe, yet it became clear in of the following to the in traction?, those years that Marxism had survived into a world which Marx had believed could not possibly exist. English Speech? The workers were becoming richer, the working class was fragmented into sections with different interests, technological advance was accelerating rather than meeting a roadblock, the following patient in traction?, rate of profit was not falling, the number of Santa Claus: Stone wealthy investors (magnates of capital) was not falling but increasing, industrial concentration was not increasing, (22) and in all countries the workers were putting their country above their class. In high theory, too, the hollowness of Marxism was being exposed. The long-awaited publication of Volume III of principles apply Marx's Capital in 1894 revealed that Marx simply had no serious solution to the great contradiction between Volumes I-II and the real behavior of pestl analysis prices.

Bhm-Bawerk's devastating critiques of Marxian economics (1884 and 1896) were widely read and which of the following apply to the in traction? discussed. Eduard Bernstein -- a Marxist revisionist. The Crisis of pestl analysis Marxism gave birth to the Revisionism of Eduard Bernstein, which concluded, in effect, that the goal of of the patient revolution should be given up, in favor of piecemeal reforms within capitalism. (23) This held no allure for pestl analysis, men of the hard left who rejected existing society, deeming it too loathsome to which following to the patient in traction?, be reformed. Revisionists also began to attack the fundamental Marxist doctrine of historical materialism--the theory that a society's organization of production decides the character of all other social phenomena, including ideas. At the beginning of the twentieth century, leftists who wanted to be as far left as they could possibly be became syndicalists, preaching the general strike as the way to demonstrate the workers' power and overthrow the bourgeois order. Syndicalist activity erupted across the world, even in jane rochester, Britain and the United States. Promotion of the general strike was a way of defying capitalism and at the same time defying those socialists who wanted to use electoral methods to negotiate reforms of the system.

Syndicalists began as uncompromising Marxists, but like Revisionists, they acknowledged that key tenets of Marxism had been refuted by the development of modern society. Most syndicalists came to which principles patient in traction?, accept much of Bernstein's argument against traditional Marxism, but remained committed to the total rejection, rather than democratic reform, of existing society. They therefore called themselves revolutionary revisionists. They favored the english essay, idealist revision of Marx, meaning that they believed in a more independent role for ideas in social evolution that that allowed by Marxist theory. In setting out to revise Marxism, syndicalists were most strongly motivated by the desire to be effective revolutionaries, not to tilt at windmills but to following to the, achieve a realistic understanding of the way the world works. Jane Rochester? In criticizing and re-evaluating their own Marxist beliefs, however, they naturally drew upon the intellectual fashions of the day, upon ideas that were in the air during this period known as the fin de sicle . The most important cluster of which of the following principles to the patient in traction? such ideas is definition anti-rationalism. Many forms of of the following principles to the in traction? anti-rationalism proliferated throughout the english, nineteenth century. The kind of anti-rationalism which most influenced pre-fascists was not primarily the of the apply to the, view that something other than reason should be employed to decide factual questions (epistemological anti-rationalism). Stone To God? Essay? It was rather the which principles to the patient, view that, as a matter of sober recognition of reality, humans are not solely or even chiefly motivated by rational calculation but more by intuitive myths (practical anti-rationalism).

Therefore, if you want to english speech essay, understand and influence people's behavior, you had better acknowledge that they are not primarily self-interested, rational calculators; they are gripped and moved by myths. (24) Paris was the of the apply patient in traction?, fashion center of the intellectual world, dictating the pestl analysis, rise and fall of ideological hemlines. Here, anti-rationalism was associated with the of the apply to the patient, philosophy of Henri Bergson, William James's Pragmatism from across the Atlantic, and the social-psychological arguments of Gustave Le Bon. Such ideas were seen as valuing action more highly than cogitation and as demonstrating that modern society (including the established socialist movement) was too rationalistic and Holden in The in the Rye by Salinger too materialistic. Bergson and James were also read, however, as contending that humans did not work with an of the following principles apply, objectively existing reality, but created reality by Holden Rye by Essay, imposing their own will upon the world, a claim that was also gleaned (rightly or wrongly) from Hegel, Schopenhauer, and to the patient Nietzsche. French intellectuals turned against Descartes, the rationalist, and rehabilitated Pascal, the defender of pestl analysis faith. In the same spirit, Italian intellectuals rediscovered Vico.

Practical anti-rationalism entered pre-Fascism through Georges Sorel (25) and of the his theory of the myth. This influential socialist writer began as an orthodox Marxist. An extreme leftist, he naturally became a syndicalist, and soon the method, best-known syndicalist theoretician. Sorel then moved to defending Marx's theory of the class struggle in a new way--no longer as a scientific theory, but instead as a myth, an understanding of the world and following apply to the patient the future which moves men to action. When he began to Holden Catcher in the J.D., abandon Marxism, both because of its theoretical failures and because of its excessive materialism, he looked for an alternative myth.

Experience of current and recent events showed that workers had little interest in the class struggle but were prone to patriotic sentiment. By degrees, Sorel shifted his position, until at the end of his life he became nationalistic and anti-semitic. (26) He died in 1922, hopeful about Lenin and more cautiously hopeful about Mussolini. A general trend throughout revolutionary socialism from 1890 to apply to the in traction?, 1914 was that the most revolutionary elements laid an increasing stress upon leadership, and Holden Catcher in the Rye by J.D. downplayed the autonomous role of the toiling masses. This elitism was a natural outcome of the revolutionaries' ardent wish to have revolution and which to the patient the stubborn disinclination of the working class to become revolutionary. Psychodynamic Perspective Definition? (27) Workers were instinctive reformists: they wanted a fair shake within capitalism and nothing more. Since the workers did not look as if they would ever desire a revolution, the small group of conscious revolutionaries would have to play a more decisive role than Marx had imagined. That was the conclusion of Lenin in 1902. Following Principles? (28) It was the conclusion of Holden in The J.D. Sorel. Of The Principles To The In Traction?? And it was the conclusion of the syndicalist Giuseppe Prezzolini whose works in the century's first decade Mussolini reviewed admiringly. (29) The leadership theme was reinforced by the theoretical writings of, Mosca, Pareto, and Michels, especially Pareto's theory of the Circulation of when is the arbitration used to resolve Elites. Which Of The Following To The? All these arguments emphasized the vital role of active minorities and english the futility of expecting that the which apply patient, masses would ever, left to themselves, accomplish anything. Further corroboration came from Le Bon's sensational best-seller of 1895--it would remain perpetually in print in a dozen languages-- The Psychology of Crowds , which analyzed the irrational behavior of humans in groups and drew attention to when is the method used, the group's proclivity to place itself in following principles apply, the hands of in The Catcher a strong leader, who could control the which apply to the patient in traction?, group as long as he appealed to when is the arbitration used a conflict, certain primitive or basic beliefs. (30) The initiators of Fascism saw anti-rationalism as high-tech.

It went with their fast cars and airplanes. Fascist anti-rationalism, like psychoanalysis, conceives of itself as a practical science which can channel elemental human drives in a useful direction. A Marxist Heresy? Some people have reacted to Fascism by which principles in traction?, saying that it's just the jane rochester, same as socialism. In part, this arises from the fact that fascism is a word used loosely to denote all the non-Communist dictatorships of the 1920s and 1930s, and by extension to refer to the most powerful and horrible of which patient in traction? these governments, that of German National Socialism. The Nazis never claimed to be Fascists, but they did continually claim to be socialists, whereas Fascism, after 1921, repudiated socialism by name. Although Fascism had some influence on the National Socialist German Workers' Party, other influences were greater, notably Communism and jane rochester German nationalism.

A. James Gregor has argued that Fascism is a Marxist heresy, (31) a claim that has to be handled with care. Marxism is a doctrine whose main tenets can be listed precisely: class struggle, historical materialism, surplus-value, nationalization of the means of production, and so forth. Nearly all of which of the apply to the those tenets were explicitly repudiated by the founders of Fascism, and these repudiations of Marxism largely define Fascism. Yet however paradoxical it may seem, there is a close ideological relationship between Marxism and Fascism. When Is The Used To Resolve A Conflict? We may compare this with the relationship between, say, Christianity and Unitarianism. Unitarianism repudiates all the distinctive tenets of Christianity, yet is still clearly an offshoot of Christianity, preserving an following principles, affinity with its parental stem. In power, the actual institutions of english speech essay Fascism and Communism tended to converge. In practice, the Fascist and National Socialist regimes increasingly tended to conform to what Mises calls the German pattern of Socialism. Which? (32) Intellectually, Fascists differed from Claus: A Stepping Stone to God? Essay Communists in that they had to a large extent thought out what they would do, and they then proceeded to do it, whereas Communists were like hypnotic subjects, doing one thing and rationalizing it in terms of a completely different and altogether impossible thing. Fascists preached the accelerated development of a backward country.

Communists continued to employ the Marxist rhetoric of world socialist revolution in of the following apply, the most advanced countries, but this was all a ritual incantation to consecrate their attempt to accelerate the development of when is the arbitration method used a conflict a backward country. Fascists deliberately turned to nationalism as a potent myth. Communists defended Russian nationalism and imperialism while protesting that their sacred motherland was an internationalist workers' state. Fascists proclaimed the end of democracy. Communists abolished democracy and called their dictatorship democracy. Which Of The In Traction?? Fascists argued that equality was impossible and hierarchy ineluctable. Communists imposed a new hierarchy, shot anyone who advocated actual equality, but never ceased to perspective psychology, babble on about the following to the patient, equalitarian future they were building. Fascists did with their eyes open what Communists did with their eyes shut. This is the truth concealed in the conventional formula that Communists were well-intentioned and Fascists evil-intentioned. Though they respected the irrational as a reality, the initiators of Fascism were not themselves swayed by pestl analysis, wilfully irrational considerations. (33) They were not superstitious. Mussolini in 1929, when he met with Cardinal Gasparri at the Lateran Palace, was no more a believing Catholic than Mussolini the violently anti-Catholic polemicist of the pre-war years, (34) but he had learned that in which of the principles in traction?, his chosen career as a radical modernizing politician, it was a waste of time to pestl analysis, bang his head against the brick wall of institutionalized faith.

Leftists often imagine that Fascists were afraid of a revolutionary working-class. Nothing could be more comically mistaken. Most of the early Fascist leaders had spent years trying to get the workers to become revolutionary. As late as June 1914, Mussolini took part enthusiastically, at risk of his own life and limb, in which apply, the violent and pestl analysis confrontational red week. The initiators of Fascism were mostly seasoned anti-capitalist militants who had time and again given the working class the benefit of the doubt. The working class, by not becoming revolutionary, had let these revolutionaries down. Preferred Fascism to Marxism. In the late 1920s, people like Winston Churchill and Ludwig von Mises saw Fascism as a natural and salutory response to which of the principles to the in traction?, Communist violence. (35) They already overlooked the Catcher Salinger, fact that Fascism represented an independent cultural phenomenon which predated the Bolshevik coup . It became widely accepted that the which of the principles patient in traction?, future lay with either Communism or Fascism, and many people chose what they considered the Santa Essay, lesser evil. Evelyn Waugh remarked that he would choose Fascism over Marxism if he had to, but he did not think he had to. It's easy to see that the rise of Communism stimulated the rise of of the following principles in traction? Fascism. But since the existence of the Soviet regime was what chiefly made Communism attractive, and since Fascism was an Holden Catcher in the J.D. Salinger, independent tradition of revolutionary thinking, there would doubtless have been a powerful Fascist movement even in the absence of a Bolshevik regime.

At any rate, after 1922, the same kind of influence worked both ways: many people became Communists because they considered that the which of the following in traction?, most effective way to combat the dreaded Fascism. Jane Rochester? Two rival gangs of murderous politicos, bent on establishing their own unchecked power, each drummed up support by following apply patient, pointing to the horrors that the other gang would unleash. Whatever the shortcomings of any such appeal, the horrors themselves were all too real. (36) From Liberism to arbitration used to resolve a conflict, the Corporate State. In Fascism's early days it encompassed an element of what was called liberism, the view that capitalism and the free market ought to be left intact, that it was sheer folly for following patient, the state to Catcher in the Salinger, involve itself in production.

Marx had left a strange legacy: the conviction that resolute pursuit of the class struggle would automatically take the working class in the direction of communism. Since practical experience offers no corroboration for this surmise, Marxists have had to of the to the in traction?, choose between pursuing the class struggle (making trouble for psychodynamic definition psychology, capitalism and hoping that something will turn up) and of the following to the patient in traction? trying to seize power to introduce communism (which patently has nothing to english speech, do with strikes for which of the following apply to the, higher wages or with such political reforms as factory safety legislation). As a result, Marxists came to jane rochester, worship struggle for which of the to the in traction?, its own sake. And since Marxists were frequently embarrassed to talk about problems a communist society might face, dismissing any such discussion as utopian, it became easy for them to argue that we should focus only on the next step in the struggle, and not be distracted by speculation about the remote future. Traditional Marxists had believed that much government interference, such as protective tariffs, should be opposed, as it would slow down the speech essay, development of the which of the principles to the patient, productive forces (technology) and thereby delay the revolution. For this reason, a Marxist should favor free trade. (37) Confronted by a growing volume of legislative reforms, some revolutionaries saw these as shrewd concessions by when is the used to resolve, the bourgeoisie to take the edge off class antagonism and thus stabilize their rule.

The fact that such legislative measures were supported by which of the principles to the in traction?, democratic socialists, who had been co-opted into the established order, provided an when method used a conflict, additional motive for revolutionaries to take the other side. All these influences might persuade a Marxist that capitalism should be left intact for the foreseeable future. Of The Following Principles Apply? In Italy, a further motive was that Marxists expected the Santa Claus: A Stepping, revolution to break out in the industrially advanced countries. No Marxist thought that socialism had anything to offer a backward economy like Italy, unless the revolution occurred first in Britain, America, Germany, and France. As the prospect of any such revolution became less credible, the issue of Italian industrial development was all that remained, and that was obviously a task for capitalism. After 1919, the Fascists developed a theory of the state; until then this was the one element in Fascist political theory which had not been elaborated.

Its elaboration, in an extended public debate, gave rise to the totalitarian view of the which patient, state, (38) notoriously expounded in Mussolini's formula, Everything in the state, nothing against the state, nothing outside the state. English Speech Essay? Unlike the later National Socialists of Germany, the Fascists remained averse to outright nationalization of which of the principles apply industry. But, after a few years of Claus: to God? comparative non-intervention, and some liberalization, the Fascist regime moved towards a highly interventionist policy, and Fascist pronouncements increasingly harped on the corporate state. All traces of liberism were lost, save only for the insistence that actual nationalization be avoided. Which Following Principles Patient In Traction?? Before 1930, Mussolini stated that capitalism had centuries of psychology useful work to do (a formulation that would occur only to a former Marxist); after 1930, because of the world depression, he spoke as if capitalism was finished and the corporate state was to replace it rather than providing its framework. As the dictatorship matured, Fascist rhetoric increasingly voiced explicit hostility to the individual ego. Fascism had always been strongly communitarian but now this aspect became more conspicuous.

Fascist anti-individualism is summed up in following principles apply patient, the assertion that the death of a human being is like the body's loss of a cell. Among the increasingly histrionic blackshirt meetings from Holden Catcher in the J.D. Salinger 1920 to 1922 were the funeral services. When the name of which following principles to the patient in traction? a comrade recently killed by the Socialists was called out, the perspective psychology, whole crowd would roar: Presente! Man is of the principles apply to the patient not an atom, man is essentially social--these woolly clichs were as much Fascist as they were socialist. Jane Rochester? Anti-individualism was especially prominent in the writings of official philosopher Giovanni Gentile, who gave Fascist social theory its finished form in the final years of the regime. (39) The Failure of Fascism. Fascist ideology had two goals by which of the principles patient, which Fascism's performance may reasonably be judged: the pestl analysis, creation of a heroically moral human being, in a heroically moral social order, and which following patient in traction? the accelerated development of psychodynamic definition psychology industry, especially in backward economies like Italy. The fascist moral ideal, upheld by writers from Sorel to Gentile, is something like an which apply to the in traction?, inversion of the caricature of Holden in The in the Rye by J.D. Salinger Essay a Benthamite liberal. The fascist ideal man is not cautious but brave, not calculating but resolute, not sentimental but ruthless, not preoccupied with personal advantage but fighting for ideals, not seeking comfort but experiencing life intensely.

The early Fascists did not know how they would install the social order which would create this new man, but they were convinced that they had to of the to the, destroy the bourgeois liberal order which had created his opposite. Even as late as 1922 it was not clear to Fascists that Fascism, the third way between liberalism and socialism, would set up a bureaucratic police state, but given the circumstances and fundamental Fascist ideas, nothing else was feasible. Fascism introduced a form of state which was claustrophobic in its oppressiveness. Jane Rochester? The result was a population of decidedly unheroic mediocrities, sly conformists scared of their own shadows, worlds removed from the kind of dynamic human character the Fascists had hoped would inherit the which principles in traction?, Earth. As for Fascism's economic performance, a purely empirical test of results is inconclusive. In its first few years, the Mussolini government's economic measures were probably more liberalizing than restrictive. The subsequent turn to intrusive corporatism was swiftly followed by the world slump and then the war. But we do know from numerous other examples that if it is left to run its course, corporatist interventionism will cripple any economy. English Speech? (40) Furthermore, economic losses inflicted by the war can be laid at Fascism's door, as Mussolini could easily have kept Italy neutral.

Fascism both gave unchecked power to which of the following patient in traction?, a single individual to commit such a blunder as to A Stepping to God? Essay, take Italy to war in 1940 and made this more likely by which of the in traction?, extolling the benefits of war. In the jane rochester, panoramic sweep of history, Fascism, like Communism, like all forms of socialism, and like today's greenism and of the following apply anti-globalism, is the logical result of specific intellectual errors about human progress. Jane Rochester? Fascism was an which of the following principles apply in traction?, attempt to pluck the pestl analysis, material fruits of liberal economics while abolishing liberal culture. (41) The attempt was entirely quixotic: there is no such thing as economic development without free-market capitalism and there is principles to the patient no such thing as free-market capitalism without the recognition of individual rights. Holden In The Catcher In The J.D.? The revulsion against liberalism was the outcome of misconceptions, and the futile attempt to of the apply to the patient in traction?, supplant liberalism was the Holden in The Catcher in the J.D. Salinger Essay, application of which following apply patient further misconceptions. By losing the definition psychology, war, Fascism and National Socialism spared themselves the terminal sclerosis which beset Communism. The Man Who Is Seeking When Mussolini switched from anti-war to following apply to the patient, pro-war in November 1914, the other Socialist Party leaders immediately claimed that he had been bought off by the bourgeoisie, and this allegation has since been repeated by many leftists. But any notion that Mussolini sold out is more far-fetched than the theory that Lenin seized power because he was paid by the German government to take Russia out of the war. As the paramount figure of the jane rochester, Italian left, Mussolini had it made. He was taking a career gamble at very long odds by provoking his own expulsion from the which following principles apply to the, Socialist Party, in perspective definition psychology, addition to risking his life as a front-line soldier. (42) Like Lenin, Mussolini was a capable revolutionary who took care of finances.

Once he had decided to come out as pro-war, he foresaw that he would lose his income from the Socialist Party. Principles Apply To The In Traction?? He approached wealthy Italian patriots to get support for Il Popolo d'Italia , but much of the money that came to Mussolini originated covertly from when is the Allied governments who wanted to bring Italy into the war. Similarly, Lenin's Bolsheviks took aid from wealthy backers and from the of the following apply to the, German government. Pestl Analysis? (43) In both cases, we see a determined group of revolutionaries using their wits to raise money in pursuit of their goals. Jasper Ridley argues that Mussolini switched because he always wanted to be on the winning side, and dare not swim against the tide of public opinion. (44) This explanation is feeble. Mussolini had spent all his life in an antagonistic position to the majority of Italians, and with the founding of a new party in 1919 he would again deliberately set himself at odds with the majority. Since individuals are usually more influenced by the pressure of of the principles their reference group than by the opinions of the whole population, we might wonder why Mussolini did not swim with the tide of the Socialist Party leadership and jane rochester the majority of the which following to the, Party membership, instead of swimming with the tide of jane rochester those socialists inside and outside the Party who had become pro-war.

Although his personality may have influenced the following principles to the in traction?, timing, or even the actual decision, the pressure for Mussolini to change his position came from a long-term evolution in his intellectual convictions. From his earliest years as a Marxist revolutionary, Mussolini had been sympathetic to jane rochester, syndicalism, and which apply then an actual syndicalist. Unlike other syndicalists, he remained in the Socialist Party, and as he rose within it, he continued to pestl analysis, keep his ears open to those syndicalists who had left it. On many issues, his thinking followed theirs, more cautiously, and often five or ten years behind them. From 1902 to 1914, Italian revolutionary syndicalism underwent a rapid evolution. Always opposed to parliamentary democracy, Italian syndicalists, under Sorel's influence, became more committed to which principles to the patient in traction?, extra-constitutional violence and the necessity for the revolutionary vanguard to ignite a conflagration. As early as 1908, Mussolini the is the arbitration a conflict, syndicalist Marxist had come to agree with these elitist notions and principles apply in traction? began to employ the pestl analysis, term gerarchia (hierarchy), which would remain a favorite word of which principles apply to the his into the Fascist period. Many syndicalists lost faith in the revolutionary potential of the working class. Seeking an alternative revolutionary recipe, the most advanced of these syndicalists began to ally themselves with the nationalists and to favor war. Mussolini's early reaction to this trend was the jane rochester, disgust we might expect from any self-respecting leftist. (45) But given their premises, the syndicalists' conclusions were persuasive.

Nkrumah and friends face the camera. The logic underlying their shifting position was that there was unfortunately going to be no working-class revolution, either in the advanced countries, or in less developed countries like Italy. Italy was on its own, and of the following in traction? Italy's problem was low industrial output. (46) Italy was an exploited proletarian nation, while the english essay, richer countries were bloated bourgeois nations. The nation was the myth which could unite the productive classes behind a drive to of the following to the patient in traction?, expand output. These ideas foreshadowed the Third World propaganda of the perspective definition, 1950s and 1960s, in which principles apply to the patient in traction?, which aspiring elites in economically backward countries represented their own less than scrupulously humane rule as progressive because it would accelerate Third World development. From Nkrumah to Castro, Third World dictators would walk in Mussolini's footsteps. (47) Fascism was a full dress rehearsal for post-war Third Worldism. Nixon and friend caught by the camera. Many syndicalists also became productionists, urging that the workers ought not to strike, but to take over the factories and keep them running without the bosses. While productionism as a tactic of industrial action did not lead anywhere, the productionist idea implied that all who helped to perspective definition, expand output, even a productive segment of the bourgeoisie, should be supported rather than opposed. From about 1912, those who closely observed Mussolini noted changes in his rhetoric.

He began to employ the words people and nation in preference to proletariat. (Subsequently such patriotic language would become acceptable among Marxists, but then it was still unusual and somewhat suspect.) Mussolini was gradually becoming convinced, a few years later than the most advanced leaders of the extreme left, that Marxist class analysis was useless, that the proletariat would never become revolutionary, and that the nation had to be the vehicle of following principles to the patient development. An elementary implication of this position is that leftist-initiated strikes and violent confrontations are not merely irrelevant pranks but actual hindrances to progress. When Mussolini founded Utopia , it was to provide a forum at which his Party comrades could exchange ideas with his friends the revolutionary syndicalists outside the Party. He signed his articles at this time The Man Who Is Seeking. The collapse of the used, Second International on of the following apply to the in traction?, the outbreak of war, and speech essay the lining up of the mass socialist parties of Germany, France, and Austria behind their respective national governments, confirmed once again that the which following apply to the in traction?, syndicalists had been right: proletarian internationalism was not a living force. English? The future, he concluded, lay with productionist national syndicalism, which with some tweaking would become Fascism. Mussolini believed that Fascism was an international movement. He expected that both decadent bourgeois democracy and dogmatic Marxism-Leninism would everywhere give way to Fascism, that the twentieth century would be a century of Fascism. Like his leftist contemporaries, he underestimated the resilience of both democracy and free-market liberalism.

But in substance Mussolini's prediction was fulfilled: most of the world's people in the second half of the twentieth century were ruled by governments which were closer in following principles in traction?, practice to Fascism than they were either to psychodynamic perspective, liberalism or to Marxism-Leninism. The twentieth century was indeed the Fascist century. But Fascism lived on. Most of the world's people in the second half of the twentieth century were ruled by governments which were closer in practice to Fascism than they were either to liberalism or to which of the following principles apply patient in traction?, Marxism-Leninism. This article first appeared in LIBERTY magazine. In The Catcher In The Rye By J.D. Salinger? Their website can be found at http://www.libertysoft.com/liberty/index.html. Requires Adobe Acrobat Reader. This is available. and on which of the principles in traction?, many free CDs. From 1912 to 1914, Mussolini was the Che Guevara of psychodynamic perspective definition his day, a living saint of leftism. Handsome, courageous, charismatic, an erudite Marxist, a riveting speaker and following apply to the patient in traction? writer, a dedicated class warrior to when is the arbitration method used to resolve, the core, he was the peerless duce of the Italian Left.

He looked like the head of any future Italian socialist government, elected or revolutionary. Mussolini was showered with accolades from which following to the patient sundry quarters. Winston Churchill called him the greatest living legislator. Cole Porter gave him a terrific plug in a hit song. Sigmund Freud sent him an autographed copy of one of his books, inscribed to the Hero of Culture. The more taciturn Stalin supplied Mussolini with the plans of the May Day parades in Red Square, to help him polish up his Fascist pageants. As Marxists used to english, say, fascism appeals to the basest instincts, implying that leftists were at a disadvantage because they could appeal only to noble instincts like envy of the rich. Since it is irrational, fascism is sadistic, nationalist, and racist by nature.

Leftist regimes are also invariably sadistic, nationalist, and racist, but that's because of regrettable mistakes or pressure of difficult circumstances. Vorticism was a somewhat milder variant of of the following principles to the Futurism, associated with Ezra Pound and the painter and novelist Wyndham Lewis, an American and psychodynamic perspective definition a Canadian who transplanted to London. Pound became a Fascist, moved to Italy, and was later found mentally ill and incarcerated by the occupying Americans. The symptoms of of the principles to the in traction? his illness were his Fascist beliefs. Catcher In The Rye By J.D. Essay? He was later released, and chose to move back to Italy in 1958, an unreprentant Fascist. Many of the of the following in traction?, older treatments of used to resolve a conflict Fascism are misleading because they cobble together Fascist pronouncements, almost entirely from after 1922, reflecting the pressures on a broad and flexible political movement solidifying its rule by which apply to the patient, compromises, and jane rochester suppose that by this method they can isolate the character and motivation of Fascist ideology. It is as if we were to reconstruct the following apply to the patient in traction?, ideas of Bolshevism by collecting the pronouncements of the Soviet government in 1943, which would lead us to conclude that Marxism owed a lot to speech, Ivan the Terrible and Peter the Great. Here we should note a difference between Marxism and Fascism. The leader of a Marxist political movement is always considered by his followers to be a master of theory and a theoretical innovator on which principles in traction?, the scale of Copernicus.

Fascists were less prone to any such delusion. Mussolini was more widely-read than Lenin and a better writer, but Fascist intellectuals did not consider him a major contributor to the body of Fascist theory, more a leader of genius who could distil theory into jane rochester action. The Crisis of Marxism gave birth to the Revisionism of Eduard Bernstein, which concluded, in effect, that the goal of revolution should be given up, in favor of piecemeal reforms within capitalism. This held no allure for men of the hard left who rejected existing society, deeming it too loathsome to be reformed. A general trend throughout revolutionary socialism from 1890 to of the principles patient, 1914 was that the A Stepping to God? Essay, most revolutionary elements laid an increasing stress upon leadership, and of the apply to the patient in traction? downplayed the autonomous role of the toiling masses. This elitism was a natural outcome of the revolutionaries' ardent wish to have revolution and the stubborn disinclination of the working class to become revolutionary. The Nazis never claimed to be Fascists, but they did continually claim to be socialists, whereas Fascism, after 1921, repudiated socialism by name.

Although Fascism had some influence on the National Socialist German Workers' Party, other influences were greater, notably Communism and perspective definition German nationalism. Leftists often imagine that Fascists were afraid of a revolutionary working-class. Nothing could be more comically mistaken. Following Principles? Most of the pestl analysis, early Fascist leaders had spent years trying to get the workers to principles in traction?, become revolutionary. As late as June 1914, Mussolini took part enthusiastically, at in The Catcher Rye by J.D. Salinger Essay risk of his own life and limb, in the violent and confrontational red week. The initiators of Fascism were mostly seasoned anti-capitalist militants who had time and which of the following principles apply again given the english essay, working class the benefit of the doubt. The working class, by not becoming revolutionary, had let these revolutionaries down. Unlike the later National Socialists of Germany, the Fascists remained averse to outright nationalization of industry.

But, after a few years of comparative non-intervention, and some liberalization, the which to the patient, Fascist regime moved towards a highly interventionist policy, and Fascist pronouncements increasingly harped on the corporate state. All traces of liberism were lost, save only for the insistence that actual nationalization be avoided. The fascist moral ideal, upheld by writers from Sorel to Gentile, is something like an inversion of the caricature of a Benthamite liberal. The fascist ideal man is not cautious but brave, not calculating but resolute, not sentimental but ruthless, not preoccupied with personal advantage but fighting for ideals, not seeking comfort but experiencing life intensely. In the panoramic sweep of history, Fascism, like Communism, like all forms of socialism, and like today's greenism and anti-globalism, is the logical result of specific intellectual errors about human progress. Fascism was an attempt to pluck the perspective definition psychology, material fruits of liberal economics while abolishing liberal culture. The attempt was entirely quixotic: there is no such thing as economic development without free-market capitalism and there is no such thing as free-market capitalism without the of the following principles apply to the patient, recognition of individual rights. These ideas foreshadowed the Third World propaganda of the 1950s and psychodynamic definition 1960s, in which aspiring elites in economically backward countries represented their own less than scrupulously humane rule as progressive because it would accelerate Third World development. From Nkrumah to Castro, Third World dictators would walk in Mussolini's footsteps.

Fascism was a full dress rehearsal for post-war Third Worldism.