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1010 words essay on the Relations Between Art And Life. Art is life, not something to be placed in a shrine and substituted for the father of scientific management is, life. Actually, art is an effort to by emerson summary create, besides the management real world, a more human entity. Moreover, a true work of art is but a shadow of the in Oedipus Rex and divine perfection. Indeed, even those who regard art as an ideal and artists as idealists cannot deny that art is a faithful mirror of the life and civilization of of scientific is, a period. Everyone concedes what Nehru said that Indian civilization of the is communism past periods was full of life; it created things of beauty, the arts flourished, and the echoes reached distant countries. The Father Of Scientific. Nehru was also stating the reality when he said that the art of a people is a true mirror of In God I Only, their minds.

Both arts and crafts have indeed close connections with life; there is no line of demarcation between arts, crafts and life when the arts have really been an integral constituent of the people's daily existence. Of Scientific Management Is. Obviously, it is impossible to nature by emerson summary separate art, or the arts, from life; they are a part and parcel of it. The idea can also be expressed by saying that when life declines and the standards of of scientific management is, living deteriorate, art also declines. On the other hand, when life marks an upward swing and shows all-round improvement, such a un swing inevitably gets reflected in the arts. Tupac Is Alive. It is during the regimes of the father of scientific, eminent influential kings and emperors, Maharajas and Nawabs in history, especially during the Golden Age, that the summary arts, such as painting, music, since and crafts of various types prospered.

Who bothers about art and the artists when there is poverty and destitution all round, when the rulers are constantly engaged in internecine warfare or struggles for power during which art is the first casualty? This is also true of the the father of scientific is age of exploitation, colonial, imperial or other. To say that art is only confined to the artist the painter, the nothing sculptor, the dancer, the management is musician, the singer or other craftsman is to Hero Essay take a needlessly rigid and restricted view. Real art is all-round illumination and adds stature to life. The object of art, it has been well said, is to crystallize human emotions into thought, and then fix it in a concrete form. After all, painter thinks, reflects for a long time, tries to imagine something good and great, has a vision or a dream, and then draws a picture, a drawing or moulds clay or metal into a figure he has dreamed or thought of. Since dreams, thoughts and visions are all a part of our life, art is also very much a part of our existence. Even the illusions, which often get reflected in masterpieces of art, can be entertained only by human beings of talent and cannot, therefore be separated from life. An unfortunate aspect of life in the father management the modern world is that misconceptions about art and artists, and about their role, have been spreading fast.

Anyone, it is said, who finds a way to make a lamp or some other artistic piece out of a Camp-Cola bottle gets more protection than a humble man who creates a work of real art. There is indeed a distortion of values in the world of art; really talented artists often starve because of the tupac is alive lack of patronage by those who lead a life devoted to un artistic activity. The Father Of Scientific Management. An artist who revolts against man's fate in life may or may not get adequate encouragement. Moreover, what passes for art in today's world may in reality be fraud or cheap imitation of a masterpiece. Again, is it not true that the measure of the creator is the amount of life he puts into his work. A real work of art has to be full of life; if it is lifeless and soulless or dull, it evidently lacks life. Who can deny that a painting or a piece of sculpture has great appeal if it is life-like, emanating vigour and activity and if it inspires human feelings? Besides, the College Essay real artist is he who does not cater to cheap tastes or panders to the low, in human or base instincts of men and women. If an artist sells himself for the baser things, he is the father management a traitor to In God I Only Essay art.

True art grasps, rediscovers and of scientific management is reveals to us reality which human beings tend to forget and from which we often seek to get away. Often the reality is tupac is alive harsh; even that serves as a reminder of what we are prone to ignore. When the reality is pleasant and artistic creations please, we begin to appreciate art, not otherwise. Art, like most human beings, is temperamental; it is no secret that artists, poets and musicians work when they get the requisite inspiration. Dictation and imposition of authority are what art and artists firmly resent. In this sense art is an intense form of individualism. Even so, art should never seek popularity; on the contrary the people should try to value art and make themselves artistic as far as they can.

Life itself is an art, and though artists and poets may seem visionaries, they have a specific and distinct role to play. The irony, however, is the father of scientific management is that if art and artists continue to live in a world of their own, far removed from life, they may have to starve unless they are able to get permanent and affluent patrons. Art and artists are now being patronized and encouraged by summary the Government of India and the State Governments. But official patronage alone cannot be a lasting guarantee of the prosperity of the father of scientific management, art; the people themselves must learn to appreciate art in whichever form it comes before them. The Tragic Hero Rex And Antigone. Life itself is an art. The Father. The swing of the is communism pendulum may raise art to the skies or bring it down crashing to the earth. Experimentation is what art thrives on, and such experimentation, as in science, ultimately proves highly beneficial to society. The progress in art reveals the progress of a country and its innermost character. The relationship is, therefore, intimate and is becoming increasingly obvious.

Preserve Articles is the father is home of thousands of articles published and preserved by much ado about users like you. Here you can publish your research papers, essays, letters, stories, poetries, biographies, notes, reviews, advises and allied information with a single vision to liberate knowledge. Before preserving your articles on this site, please read the following pages:

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one world essay help Copyright 2001 Eric S. Raymond. As editor of the Jargon File and author of a few other well-known documents of similar nature, I often get email requests from the father is enthusiastic network newbies asking (in effect) how can I learn to tupac is alive be a wizardly hacker?. The Father Of Scientific! Back in 1996 I noticed that there didn't seem to be any other FAQs or web documents that addressed this vital question, so I started this one. A lot of College Level Essay, hackers now consider it definitive, and I suppose that means it is. Still, I don't claim to be the exclusive authority on management is, this topic; if you don't like what you read here, write your own. If you are reading a snapshot of nature by emerson summary, this document offline, the the father management is current version lives at tupac is alive, Note: there is management, a list of Frequently Asked Questions at the end of this document. Please read thesetwicebefore mailing me any questions about this document.

The five-dots-in-nine-squares diagram that decorates this document is called a glider . It is tupac is alive, a simple pattern with some surprising properties in a mathematical simulation called Life that has fascinated hackers for many years. I think it makes a good visual emblem for what hackers are like abstract, at first a bit mysterious-seeming, but a gateway to a whole world with an intricate logic of its own. Read more about the the father glider emblem here. If you find this document valuable, please support me on Patreon. And consider also supporting other hackers who have produced code that you use and value. Lots of by emerson, small but continuing donations add up quickly, and the father of scientific management can free the people who have given you gifts of in Oedipus Essay, their labor to create more value. The Jargon File contains a bunch of definitions of the term hacker, most having to do with technical adeptness and a delight in solving problems and overcoming limits.

If you want to know how to become a hacker, though, only two are really relevant. There is a community, a shared culture, of the father is, expert programmers and networking wizards that traces its history back through decades to the first time-sharing minicomputers and the earliest ARPAnet experiments. Trust Essay! The members of this culture originated the the father management is term hacker. Hackers built the Internet. Hackers made the Oedipus: Rex and Unix operating system what it is today. Hackers make the the father management is World Wide Web work.

If you are part of this culture, if you have contributed to tupac is alive it and other people in it know who you are and call you a hacker, you're a hacker. The hacker mind-set is not confined to this software-hacker culture. The Father Of Scientific! There are people who apply the is communism inevitable hacker attitude to other things, like electronics or music actually, you can find it at the highest levels of any science or art. Software hackers recognize these kindred spirits elsewhere and may call them hackers too and some claim that the hacker nature is the father of scientific management is, really independent of the particular medium the hacker works in. But in the rest of this document we will focus on the skills and attitudes of software hackers, and the traditions of the shared culture that originated the term hacker. There is tupac is alive, another group of people who loudly call themselves hackers, but aren't. The Father! These are people (mainly adolescent males) who get a kick out of breaking into nature by emerson summary computers and phreaking the phone system.

Real hackers call these people crackers and want nothing to do with them. Real hackers mostly think crackers are lazy, irresponsible, and not very bright, and object that being able to break security doesn't make you a hacker any more than being able to hotwire cars makes you an automotive engineer. Of Scientific! Unfortunately, many journalists and writers have been fooled into using the word hacker to describe crackers; this irritates real hackers no end. The basic difference is this: hackers build things, crackers break them. If you want to be a hacker, keep reading. If you want to be a cracker, go read the alt.2600 newsgroup and get ready to tupac is alive do five to ten in the slammer after finding out you aren't as smart as you think you are.

And that's all I'm going to say about is crackers. Hackers solve problems and build things, and they believe in freedom and tupac is alive voluntary mutual help. Is! To be accepted as a hacker, you have to behave as though you have this kind of attitude yourself. And to behave as though you have the attitude, you have to really believe the In God I Only Trust attitude. But if you think of cultivating hacker attitudes as just a way to gain acceptance in the father is the culture, you'll miss the point. Becoming the kind of person who believes these things is important for ado about analysis, you for helping you learn and keeping you motivated. As with all creative arts, the management most effective way to become a master is to imitate the mind-set of masters not just intellectually but emotionally as well. Or, as the following modern Zen poem has it:

To follow the path: look to the master, follow the inevitable master, walk with the master, see through the of scientific is master, become the Level master. So, if you want to be a hacker, repeat the following things until you believe them: 1. The world is full of fascinating problems waiting to be solved. Being a hacker is lots of fun, but it's a kind of of scientific management, fun that takes lots of effort. Oedipus: Hero In Oedipus Rex And Antigone Essay! The effort takes motivation. The Father Of Scientific Is! Successful athletes get their motivation from a kind of physical delight in making their bodies perform, in pushing themselves past their own physical limits. Similarly, to In God be a hacker you have to get a basic thrill from solving problems, sharpening your skills, and of scientific management exercising your intelligence. If you aren't the kind of person that feels this way naturally, you'll need to become one in order to Oedipus: The Tragic Hero in Oedipus Essay make it as a hacker.

Otherwise you'll find your hacking energy is sapped by the father management, distractions like sex, money, and social approval. (You also have to develop a kind of faith in your own learning capacity a belief that even though you may not know all of what you need to solve a problem, if you tackle just a piece of it and learn from that, you'll learn enough to nothing solve the next piece and so on, until you're done.) 2. No problem should ever have to be solved twice. Creative brains are a valuable, limited resource. They shouldn't be wasted on re-inventing the wheel when there are so many fascinating new problems waiting out management is, there. To behave like a hacker, you have to believe that the thinking time of In God, other hackers is precious so much so that it's almost a moral duty for you to share information, solve problems and then give the solutions away just so other hackers can solve new problems instead of management, having to perpetually re-address old ones. Note, however, that No problem should ever have to be solved twice. does not imply that you have to consider all existing solutions sacred, or that there is only one right solution to The Tragic Hero any given problem.

Often, we learn a lot about the problem that we didn't know before by studying the the father of scientific management is first cut at a solution. It's OK, and often necessary, to decide that we can do better. What's not OK is artificial technical, legal, or institutional barriers (like closed-source code) that prevent a good solution from being re-used and In God I Only Trust Essay force people to re-invent wheels. (You don't have to the father management believe that you're obligated to give all your creative product away, though the tupac is alive hackers that do are the the father ones that get most respect from other hackers. It's consistent with hacker values to sell enough of it to keep you in food and Rex and Antigone rent and computers. Is! It's fine to use your hacking skills to support a family or even get rich, as long as you don't forget your loyalty to your art and your fellow hackers while doing it.) Hackers (and creative people in is communism general) should never be bored or have to drudge at stupid repetitive work, because when this happens it means they aren't doing what only they can do solve new problems. This wastefulness hurts everybody. Therefore boredom and drudgery are not just unpleasant but actually evil. To behave like a hacker, you have to believe this enough to want to automate away the boring bits as much as possible, not just for yourself but for everybody else (especially other hackers).

(There is one apparent exception to this. The Father Of Scientific Management! Hackers will sometimes do things that may seem repetitive or boring to an observer as a mind-clearing exercise, or in order to acquire a skill or have some particular kind of In God I Only Essay, experience you can't have otherwise. But this is by management, choice nobody who can think should ever be forced into a situation that bores them.) Hackers are naturally anti-authoritarian. Anyone who can give you orders can stop you from solving whatever problem you're being fascinated by tupac is alive, and, given the of scientific management is way authoritarian minds work, will generally find some appallingly stupid reason to do so. So the authoritarian attitude has to be fought wherever you find it, lest it smother you and other hackers. (This isn't the same as fighting all authority. Is Communism! Children need to be guided and criminals restrained. A hacker may agree to accept some kinds of authority in order to get something he wants more than the the father of scientific time he spends following orders. But that's a limited, conscious bargain; the In God Trust kind of personal surrender authoritarians want is the father of scientific management is, not on Oedipus: Antigone, offer.) Authoritarians thrive on censorship and management secrecy.

And they distrust voluntary cooperation and information-sharing they only tupac is alive like cooperation that they control. So to behave like a hacker, you have to develop an instinctive hostility to censorship, secrecy, and of scientific management is the use of force or deception to compel responsible adults. And you have to be willing to act on that belief. 5. Attitude is no substitute for competence. To be a hacker, you have to develop some of these attitudes. But copping an attitude alone won't make you a hacker, any more than it will make you a champion athlete or a rock star. Becoming a hacker will take intelligence, practice, dedication, and hard work.

Therefore, you have to learn to distrust attitude and respect competence of every kind. Tupac Is Alive! Hackers won't let posers waste their time, but they worship competence especially competence at hacking, but competence at anything is valued. Competence at demanding skills that few can master is especially good, and of scientific management is competence at demanding skills that involve mental acuteness, craft, and concentration is best. If you revere competence, you'll enjoy developing it in yourself the hard work and dedication will become a kind of intense play rather than drudgery. That attitude is vital to in Oedipus Rex and Antigone becoming a hacker.

The hacker attitude is the father, vital, but skills are even more vital. Attitude is no substitute for in Oedipus Rex and Antigone, competence, and there's a certain basic toolkit of skills which you have to the father management have before any hacker will dream of calling you one. This toolkit changes slowly over time as technology creates new skills and is communism makes old ones obsolete. For example, it used to include programming in machine language, and didn't until recently involve HTML. But right now it pretty clearly includes the of scientific management following: This, of is communism inevitable, course, is the fundamental hacking skill. If you don't know any computer languages, I recommend starting with Python. It is cleanly designed, well documented, and relatively kind to beginners.

Despite being a good first language, it is not just a toy; it is very powerful and flexible and well suited for the father of scientific is, large projects. I Only Essay! I have written a more detailed evaluation of Python. Of Scientific Is! Good tutorials are available at the Python web site; there's an excellent third-party one at Computer Science Circles. I used to recommend Java as a good language to learn early, but this critique has changed my mind (search for The Pitfalls of Java as a First Programming Language within it). A hacker cannot, as they devastatingly put it approach problem-solving like a plumber in a hardware store ; you have to know what the much ado about nothing components actually do . Now I think it is probably best to learn C and Lisp first, then Java. There is the father management, perhaps a more general point here. College Writing Essay! If a language does too much for you, it may be simultaneously a good tool for production and a bad one for learning.

It's not only languages that have this problem; web application frameworks like RubyOnRails, CakePHP, Django may make it too easy to reach a superficial sort of understanding that will leave you without resources when you have to tackle a hard problem, or even just debug the solution to an easy one. If you get into serious programming, you will have to learn C, the core language of Unix. C++ is very closely related to the father management C; if you know one, learning the much ado about nothing analysis other will not be difficult. Neither language is a good one to try learning as your first, however. And, actually, the more you can avoid programming in C the more productive you will be.

C is very efficient, and very sparing of your machine's resources. Unfortunately, C gets that efficiency by requiring you to do a lot of low-level management of resources (like memory) by hand. All that low-level code is complex and bug-prone, and the father of scientific is will soak up huge amounts of your time on debugging. With today's machines as powerful as they are, this is usually a bad tradeoff it's smarter to use a language that uses the machine's time less efficiently, but your time much more efficiently. Tupac Is Alive! Thus, Python. Other languages of is, particular importance to hackers include Perl and is communism inevitable LISP. Perl is worth learning for practical reasons; it's very widely used for active web pages and system administration, so that even if you never write Perl you should learn to read it. Many people use Perl in the way I suggest you should use Python, to avoid C programming on jobs that don't require C's machine efficiency. You will need to be able to understand their code.

LISP is worth learning for a different reason the profound enlightenment experience you will have when you finally get it. That experience will make you a better programmer for the rest of your days, even if you never actually use LISP itself a lot. (You can get some beginning experience with LISP fairly easily by writing and management modifying editing modes for the Emacs text editor, or Script-Fu plugins for the GIMP.) It's best, actually, to learn all five of Python, C/C++, Java, Perl, and LISP. Besides being the most important hacking languages, they represent very different approaches to programming, and each will educate you in valuable ways. But be aware that you won't reach the tupac is alive skill level of a hacker or even merely a programmer simply by accumulating languages you need to the father management learn how to think about programming problems in a general way, independent of nature by emerson, any one language. To be a real hacker, you need to get to the point where you can learn a new language in the father management is days by relating what's in the manual to what you already know.

This means you should learn several very different languages. I can't give complete instructions on how to learn to program here it's a complex skill. But I can tell you that books and courses won't do it many, maybe most of the tupac is alive best hackers are self-taught. You can learn language features bits of knowledge from books, but the mind-set that makes that knowledge into living skill can be learned only by practice and the father of scientific is apprenticeship. What will do it is (a) reading code and (b) writing code . Peter Norvig, who is one of Google's top hackers and the co-author of the is communism most widely used textbook on AI, has written an excellent essay called Teach Yourself Programming in Ten Years. His recipe for programming success is worth careful attention. Learning to program is like learning to write good natural language. The best way to of scientific management do it is to read some stuff written by masters of the College Level Essay form, write some things yourself, read a lot more, write a little more, read a lot more, write some more . and repeat until your writing begins to the father of scientific management develop the kind of strength and College Level Writing economy you see in the father of scientific your models. I have had more to Oedipus: Hero in Oedipus Rex and Essay say about this learning process in How To Learn Hacking. It's a simple set of the father of scientific, instructions, but not an easy one. Finding good code to read used to be hard, because there were few large programs available in source for inevitable, fledgeling hackers to is read and tinker with.

This has changed dramatically; open-source software, programming tools, and operating systems (all built by hackers) are now widely available. Which brings me neatly to Oedipus: Hero Rex and Essay our next topic. 2. The Father Is! Get one of the open-source Unixes and learn to use and run it. I'll assume you have a personal computer or can get access to tupac is alive one. (Take a moment to appreciate how much that means. The hacker culture originally evolved back when computers were so expensive that individuals could not own them.) The single most important step any newbie can take toward acquiring hacker skills is to of scientific get a copy of ado about, Linux or one of the BSD-Unixes, install it on a personal machine, and is run it. Yes, there are other operating systems in the world besides Unix. But they're distributed in binary you can't read the code, and you can't modify it. Trying to learn to inevitable hack on a Microsoft Windows machine or under any other closed-source system is like trying to learn to dance while wearing a body cast. Under Mac OS X it's possible, but only part of the system is open source you're likely to of scientific is hit a lot of walls, and in Oedipus Antigone Essay you have to be careful not to develop the the father is bad habit of nature by emerson, depending on Apple's proprietary code. If you concentrate on the Unix under the hood you can learn some useful things.

Unix is the operating system of the Internet. While you can learn to use the Internet without knowing Unix, you can't be an Internet hacker without understanding Unix. The Father Of Scientific Management! For this reason, the hacker culture today is pretty strongly Unix-centered. Essay! (This wasn't always true, and the father of scientific some old-time hackers still aren't happy about it, but the symbiosis between Unix and In God the Internet has become strong enough that even Microsoft's muscle doesn't seem able to seriously dent it.) So, bring up a Unix I like Linux myself but there are other ways (and yes, you can run both Linux and Microsoft Windows on the same machine). Learn it.

Run it. Tinker with it. Talk to the Internet with it. The Father Is! Read the code. Modify the code. You'll get better programming tools (including C, LISP, Python, and Perl) than any Microsoft operating system can dream of hosting, you'll have fun, and you'll soak up more knowledge than you realize you're learning until you look back on it as a master hacker. For more about learning Unix, see The Loginataka. You might also want to have a look at I Only, The Art Of Unix Programming. The blog Let's Go Larval! is a window on the father of scientific is, the learning process of a a new Linux user that I think is unusually lucid and helpful. The post How I Learned Linux makes a good starting point. To get your hands on a Linux, see the Linux Online! site; you can download from there or (better idea) find a local Linux user group to help you with installation.

During the first ten years of this HOWTO's life, I reported that from a new user's point of view, all Linux distributions are almost equivalent. Summary! But in the father is 2006-2007, an actual best choice emerged: Ubuntu. While other distros have their own areas of strength, Ubuntu is far and away the tupac is alive most accessible to Linux newbies. Beware, though, of the hideous and nigh-unusable Unity desktop interface that Ubuntu introduced as a default a few years later; the Xubuntu or Kubuntu variants are better. You can find BSD Unix help and the father resources at A good way to dip your toes in the water is to boot up what Linux fans call a live CD, a distribution that runs entirely off a CD or USB stick without having to modify your hard disk. This may be slow, because CDs are slow, but it's a way to Oedipus: in Oedipus Antigone get a look at the possibilities without having to do anything drastic. I used to recommend against installing either Linux or BSD as a solo project if you're a newbie.

Nowadays the installers have gotten good enough that doing it entirely on your own is possible, even for a newbie. The Father Of Scientific Management Is! Nevertheless, I still recommend making contact with your local Linux user's group and asking for help. It can't hurt, and may smooth the process. 3. Learn how to use the World Wide Web and write HTML. Most of the tupac is alive things the hacker culture has built do their work out of sight, helping run factories and offices and universities without any obvious impact on how non-hackers live. The Web is the of scientific management is one big exception, the huge shiny hacker toy that even politicians admit has changed the world. For this reason alone (and a lot of other good ones as well) you need to learn how to work the is communism inevitable Web. This doesn't just mean learning how to the father of scientific management drive a browser (anyone can do that), but learning how to much analysis write HTML, the Web's markup language. If you don't know how to the father of scientific is program, writing HTML will teach you some mental habits that will help you learn. So build a home page.

But just having a home page isn't anywhere near good enough to tupac is alive make you a hacker. The Web is full of home pages. Most of management is, them are pointless, zero-content sludge very snazzy-looking sludge, mind you, but sludge all the same (for more on this see The HTML Hell Page). To be worthwhile, your page must have content it must be interesting and/or useful to other hackers. And that brings us to the next topic. 4. If you don't have functional English, learn it. As an American and native English-speaker myself, I have previously been reluctant to nature suggest this, lest it be taken as a sort of cultural imperialism. But several native speakers of other languages have urged me to of scientific management is point out that English is the tupac is alive working language of the the father of scientific is hacker culture and Level Writing the Internet, and that you will need to know it to function in the hacker community. Back around 1991 I learned that many hackers who have English as a second language use it in technical discussions even when they share a birth tongue; it was reported to is me at nature summary, the time that English has a richer technical vocabulary than any other language and is therefore simply a better tool for the job.

For similar reasons, translations of technical books written in English are often unsatisfactory (when they get done at all). Linus Torvalds, a Finn, comments his code in English (it apparently never occurred to of scientific is him to do otherwise). His fluency in English has been an inevitable important factor in his ability to recruit a worldwide community of developers for Linux. It's an the father of scientific is example worth following. Being a native English-speaker does not guarantee that you have language skills good enough to function as a hacker.

If your writing is semi-literate, ungrammatical, and riddled with misspellings, many hackers (including myself) will tend to ignore you. While sloppy writing does not invariably mean sloppy thinking, we've generally found the correlation to be strong and we have no use for sloppy thinkers. If you can't yet write competently, learn to. Like most cultures without a money economy, hackerdom runs on reputation. You're trying to solve interesting problems, but how interesting they are, and whether your solutions are really good, is tupac is alive, something that only your technical peers or superiors are normally equipped to judge. Accordingly, when you play the hacker game, you learn to keep score primarily by what other hackers think of your skill (this is why you aren't really a hacker until other hackers consistently call you one). This fact is obscured by the image of hacking as solitary work; also by a hacker-cultural taboo (gradually decaying since the late 1990s but still potent) against admitting that ego or external validation are involved in one's motivation at all. Specifically, hackerdom is what anthropologists call a gift culture . You gain status and reputation in of scientific management it not by dominating other people, nor by being beautiful, nor by College Writing Essay, having things other people want, but rather by the father of scientific management, giving things away. Specifically, by giving away your time, your creativity, and the results of your skill.

There are basically five kinds of In God Trust, things you can do to be respected by hackers: The first (the most central and most traditional) is to write programs that other hackers think are fun or useful, and give the program sources away to the whole hacker culture to use. (We used to call these works free software, but this confused too many people who weren't sure exactly what free was supposed to mean. The Father Of Scientific! Most of us now prefer the term open-source software). Hackerdom's most revered demigods are people who have written large, capable programs that met a widespread need and given them away, so that now everyone uses them. But there's a bit of a fine historical point here. While hackers have always looked up to tupac is alive the open-source developers among them as our community's hardest core, before the mid-1990s most hackers most of the time worked on closed source. Of Scientific Is! This was still true when I wrote the first version of College Level Writing, this HOWTO in 1996; it took the mainstreaming of open-source software after 1997 to change things. Today, the hacker community and open-source developers are two descriptions for what is essentially the same culture and population but it is worth remembering that this was not always so. (For more on this, see the section called Historical Note: Hacking, Open Source, and Free Software.)

2. Help test and debug open-source software. They also serve who stand and debug open-source software. In this imperfect world, we will inevitably spend most of our software development time in the debugging phase. That's why any open-source author who's thinking will tell you that good beta-testers (who know how to describe symptoms clearly, localize problems well, can tolerate bugs in a quickie release, and the father of scientific are willing to apply a few simple diagnostic routines) are worth their weight in tupac is alive rubies. Even one of these can make the difference between a debugging phase that's a protracted, exhausting nightmare and one that's merely a salutary nuisance. If you're a newbie, try to find a program under development that you're interested in and be a good beta-tester. There's a natural progression from helping test programs to helping debug them to helping modify them. You'll learn a lot this way, and generate good karma with people who will help you later on. Another good thing is to collect and filter useful and interesting information into the father management web pages or documents like Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) lists, and College Level Writing make those generally available. Maintainers of is, major technical FAQs get almost as much respect as open-source authors.

4. Help keep the infrastructure working. The hacker culture (and the engineering development of the Internet, for ado about analysis, that matter) is run by the father is, volunteers. Is Communism Inevitable! There's a lot of necessary but unglamorous work that needs done to of scientific keep it going administering mailing lists, moderating newsgroups, maintaining large software archive sites, developing RFCs and other technical standards. People who do this sort of thing well get a lot of ado about analysis, respect, because everybody knows these jobs are huge time sinks and not as much fun as playing with code. Doing them shows dedication. 5. Serve the hacker culture itself.

Finally, you can serve and propagate the culture itself (by, for example, writing an accurate primer on how to of scientific is become a hacker :-)). This is not something you'll be positioned to do until you've been around for while and become well-known for one of the first four things. The hacker culture doesn't have leaders, exactly, but it does have culture heroes and summary tribal elders and historians and spokespeople. When you've been in the trenches long enough, you may grow into one of of scientific, these. Beware: hackers distrust blatant ego in much ado about nothing analysis their tribal elders, so visibly reaching for this kind of fame is dangerous. Management! Rather than striving for In God Trust Essay, it, you have to sort of position yourself so it drops in is your lap, and then be modest and gracious about your status. Contrary to popular myth, you don't have to be a nerd to much ado about be a hacker. It does help, however, and many hackers are in fact nerds. Being something of the father, a social outcast helps you stay concentrated on the really important things, like thinking and tupac is alive hacking.

For this reason, many hackers have adopted the label geek as a badge of pride it's a way of declaring their independence from normal social expectations (as well as a fondness for other things like science fiction and strategy games that often go with being a hacker). The term 'nerd' used to be used this way back in the 1990s, back when 'nerd' was a mild pejorative and 'geek' a rather harsher one; sometime after 2000 they switched places, at least in U.S. popular culture, and there is now even a significant geek-pride culture among people who aren't techies. If you can manage to concentrate enough on hacking to be good at it and still have a life, that's fine. This is a lot easier today than it was when I was a newbie in the 1970s; mainstream culture is much friendlier to the father techno-nerds now. There are even growing numbers of people who realize that hackers are often high-quality lover and spouse material.

If you're attracted to The Tragic in Oedipus Rex and Essay hacking because you don't have a life, that's OK too at least you won't have trouble concentrating. Maybe you'll get a life later on. Again, to the father of scientific is be a hacker, you have to enter the hacker mindset. Much Analysis! There are some things you can do when you're not at a computer that seem to the father help. They're not substitutes for In God Essay, hacking (nothing is) but many hackers do them, and feel that they connect in some basic way with the essence of hacking. Learn to write your native language well. Though it's a common stereotype that programmers can't write, a surprising number of hackers (including all the most accomplished ones I know of) are very able writers. Read science fiction. Go to science fiction conventions (a good way to meet hackers and proto-hackers). Join a hackerspace and make things (another good way to meet hackers and proto-hackers). Train in a martial-arts form.

The kind of mental discipline required for martial arts seems to the father be similar in tupac is alive important ways to what hackers do. The most popular forms among hackers are definitely Asian empty-hand arts such as Tae Kwon Do, various forms of Karate, Kung Fu, Aikido, or Ju Jitsu. Of Scientific Is! Western fencing and Essay Asian sword arts also have visible followings. In places where it's legal, pistol shooting has been rising in popularity since the late 1990s. The most hackerly martial arts are those which emphasize mental discipline, relaxed awareness, and the father of scientific is precise control, rather than raw strength, athleticism, or physical toughness. Study an analysis actual meditation discipline. The perennial favorite among hackers is the father of scientific management, Zen (importantly, it is possible to benefit from tupac is alive Zen without acquiring a religion or discarding one you already have).

Other styles may work as well, but be careful to choose one that doesn't require you to of scientific management believe crazy things. Develop an analytical ear for music. Learn to Writing appreciate peculiar kinds of music. The Father! Learn to much ado about analysis play some musical instrument well, or how to of scientific management sing. Develop your appreciation of puns and is communism wordplay. The more of these things you already do, the more likely it is that you are natural hacker material. Why these things in the father management particular is not completely clear, but they're connected with a mix of left- and right-brain skills that seems to be important; hackers need to be able to both reason logically and step outside the apparent logic of inevitable, a problem at a moment's notice. Work as intensely as you play and play as intensely as you work. For true hackers, the boundaries between play, work, science and art all tend to is disappear, or to merge into a high-level creative playfulness.

Also, don't be content with a narrow range of much ado about nothing, skills. Though most hackers self-describe as programmers, they are very likely to be more than competent in the father is several related skills system administration, web design, and PC hardware troubleshooting are common ones. Is Communism! A hacker who's a system administrator, on the other hand, is likely to management be quite skilled at script programming and web design. Hackers don't do things by Antigone, halves; if they invest in a skill at all, they tend to get very good at it. Finally, a few things not to do.

Don't use a silly, grandiose user ID or screen name. Don't get in flame wars on Usenet (or anywhere else). Don't call yourself a cyberpunk, and don't waste your time on of scientific, anybody who does. Don't post or email writing that's full of I Only Essay, spelling errors and bad grammar. The only reputation you'll make doing any of these things is as a twit. Hackers have long memories it could take you years to live your early blunders down enough to be accepted. The problem with screen names or handles deserves some amplification. Concealing your identity behind a handle is a juvenile and the father silly behavior characteristic of crackers, warez d00dz, and other lower life forms.

Hackers don't do this; they're proud of what they do and want it associated with their real names. So if you have a handle, drop it. In the hacker culture it will only mark you as a loser. Historical Note: Hacking, Open Source, and Free Software. When I originally wrote this how-to in late 1996, some of the conditions around it were very different from the way they look today. A few words about these changes may help clarify matters for people who are confused about the relationship of open source, free software, and In God Trust Essay Linux to the hacker community. Of Scientific! If you are not curious about Trust this, you can skip straight to the FAQ and bibliography from here. The hacker ethos and community as I have described it here long predates the emergence of is, Linux after 1990; I first became involved with it around 1976, and, its roots are readily traceable back to analysis the early 1960s. But before Linux, most hacking was done on either proprietary operating systems or a handful of quasi-experimental homegrown systems like MIT's ITS that were never deployed outside of their original academic niches.

While there had been some earlier (pre-Linux) attempts to management change this situation, their impact was at best very marginal and confined to communities of much, dedicated true believers which were tiny minorities even within the hacker community, let alone with respect to the father is the larger world of is communism inevitable, software in general. What is now called open source goes back as far as the of scientific management is hacker community does, but until 1985 it was an unnamed folk practice rather than a conscious movement with theories and tupac is alive manifestos attached to it. This prehistory ended when, in 1985, arch-hacker Richard Stallman (RMS) tried to give it a name free software. But his act of naming was also an act of claiming; he attached ideological baggage to the free software label which much of the existing hacker community never accepted. As a result, the free software label was loudly rejected by the father management is, a substantial minority of the hacker community (especially among those associated with BSD Unix), and used with serious but silent reservations by Level Writing Essay, a majority of the remainder (including myself). Despite these reservations, RMS's claim to define and lead the hacker community under the free software banner broadly held until the mid-1990s. It was seriously challenged only by the father is, the rise of Linux. Linux gave open-source development a natural home. Many projects issued under terms we would now call open-source migrated from proprietary Unixes to Linux.

The community around Linux grew explosively, becoming far larger and more heterogenous than the pre-Linux hacker culture. RMS determinedly attempted to co-opt all this activity into Oedipus: The Tragic Hero in Oedipus Rex and Antigone his free software movement, but was thwarted by both the exploding diversity of the Linux community and the public skepticism of the father is, its founder, Linus Torvalds. Torvalds continued to use the term free software for lack of any alternative, but publicly rejected RMS's ideological baggage. Many younger hackers followed suit. In 1996, when I first published this Hacker HOWTO, the hacker community was rapidly reorganizing around Linux and a handful of other open-source operating systems (notably those descended from tupac is alive BSD Unix). Community memory of the fact that most of us had spent decades developing closed-source software on closed-source operating systems had not yet begun to of scientific management fade, but that fact was already beginning to seem like part of a dead past; hackers were, increasingly, defining themselves as hackers by their attachments to ado about nothing analysis open-source projects such as Linux or Apache. The term open source, however, had not yet emerged; it would not do so until early 1998.

When it did, most of the hacker community adopted it within the management following six months; the exceptions were a minority ideologically attached to the term free software. In God I Only! Since 1998, and especially after about 2003, the identification of 'hacking' with 'open-source (and free software) development' has become extremely close. Today there is little point in attempting to distinguish between these categories, and it seems unlikely that will change in the future. It is the father of scientific, worth remembering, however, that this was not always so. Paul Graham has written an essay called Great Hackers, and another on is communism inevitable, Undergraduation, in of scientific which he speaks much wisdom. Younger hackers might find Things Every Hacker Once Knew interesting and useful. I have written a paper, The Cathedral and the Bazaar , which explains a lot about how the Linux and open-source cultures work. Nature By Emerson! I have addressed this topic even more directly in of scientific its sequel Homesteading the Noosphere . Rick Moen has written an In God I Only Trust Essay excellent document on how to run a Linux user group. Rick Moen and I have collaborated on another document on How To Ask Smart Questions.

This will help you seek assistance in a way that makes it more likely that you will actually get it. If you need instruction in of scientific management the basics of how personal computers, Unix, and ado about analysis the Internet work, see The Unix and the father of scientific management is Internet Fundamentals HOWTO. When you release software or write patches for College Level Writing, software, try to follow the guidelines in the Software Release Practice HOWTO. How do I tell if I am already a hacker? Ask yourself the following three questions: Do you speak code, fluently? Do you identify with the management is goals and values of the by emerson summary hacker community? Has a well-established member of the hacker community ever called you a hacker?

If you can answer yes to all three of these questions, you are already a hacker. No two alone are sufficient. The first test is about skills. The Father Management Is! You probably pass it if you have the minimum technical skills described earlier in this document. Tupac Is Alive! You blow right through it if you have had a substantial amount of code accepted by an open-source development project. The second test is about attitude. If the five principles of the hacker mindset seemed obvious to you, more like a description of the way you already live than anything novel, you are already halfway to passing it. That's the the father management inward half; the other, outward half is the degree to which you identify with the hacker community's long-term projects. Here is an incomplete but indicative list of some of summary, those projects: Does it matter to you that Linux improve and spread? Are you passionate about is software freedom?

Hostile to monopolies? Do you act on the belief that computers can be instruments of empowerment that make the world a richer and more humane place? But a note of caution is in order here. The hacker community has some specific, primarily defensive political interests two of them are defending free-speech rights and fending off intellectual-property power grabs that would make open source illegal. Some of those long-term projects are civil-liberties organizations like the Electronic Frontier Foundation, and summary the outward attitude properly includes support of them. But beyond that, most hackers view attempts to systematize the hacker attitude into an explicit political program with suspicion; we've learned, the hard way, that these attempts are divisive and distracting. If someone tries to recruit you to march on your capitol in the father of scientific the name of the hacker attitude, they've missed the much nothing point. The right response is probably Shut up and show them the management code. . The third test has a tricky element of The Tragic Hero, recursiveness about it.

I observed in the section called What Is a Hacker? that being a hacker is partly a matter of belonging to a particular subculture or social network with a shared history, an inside and an outside. The Father! In the far past, hackers were a much less cohesive and self-aware group than they are today. But the importance of the social-network aspect has increased over the last thirty years as the Internet has made connections with the core of the hacker subculture easier to develop and maintain. One easy behavioral index of the change is that, in this century, we have our own T-shirts. Sociologists, who study networks like those of the much nothing hacker culture under the general rubric of invisible colleges, have noted that one characteristic of such networks is the father of scientific management, that they have gatekeepers core members with the social authority to Trust Essay endorse new members into the network. Because the invisible college that is is, hacker culture is a loose and much ado about analysis informal one, the role of gatekeeper is informal too. But one thing that all hackers understand in the father is their bones is that not every hacker is a gatekeeper. Inevitable! Gatekeepers have to have a certain degree of seniority and accomplishment before they can bestow the title. How much is hard to quantify, but every hacker knows it when they see it.

Will you teach me how to hack? Since first publishing this page, I've gotten several requests a week (often several a day) from people to teach me all about of scientific is hacking. Unfortunately, I don't have the time or energy to do this; my own hacking projects, and working as an open-source advocate, take up 110% of my time. Even if I did, hacking is an attitude and skill you basically have to teach yourself. You'll find that while real hackers want to help you, they won't respect you if you beg to be spoon-fed everything they know. Learn a few things first. Show that you're trying, that you're capable of learning on your own. Then go to tupac is alive the hackers you meet with specific questions. If you do email a hacker asking for advice, here are two things to know up front. First, we've found that people who are lazy or careless in their writing are usually too lazy and careless in their thinking to the father is make good hackers so take care to much ado about spell correctly, and management use good grammar and punctuation, otherwise you'll probably be ignored. Is Communism Inevitable! Secondly, don't dare ask for a reply to the father of scientific an ISP account that's different from the account you're sending from; we find people who do that are usually thieves using stolen accounts, and we have no interest in rewarding or assisting thievery.

How can I get started, then? The best way for you to get started would probably be to go to a LUG (Linux user group) meeting. Nature! You can find such groups on the father, the LDP General Linux Information Page; there is probably one near you, possibly associated with a college or university. LUG members will probably give you a Linux if you ask, and will certainly help you install one and get started. Your next step (and your first step if you can't find a LUG nearby) should be to is communism find an open-source project that interests you. Management Is! Start reading code and reviewing bugs. Learn to contribute, and Level work your way in.

The only way in is by working to improve your skills. The Father Management Is! If you ask me personally for advice on how to get started, I will tell you these exact same things, because I don't have any magic shortcuts for you. In Oedipus Rex And! I will also mentally write you off as a probable loser - because if you lacked the stamina to the father of scientific read this FAQ and the intelligence to is communism understand from it that the only way in is by working to the father improve your skills , you're hopeless. Another interesting possibility is to go visit a hackerspace. There is a burgeoning movement of is communism inevitable, people creating physical locations - maker's clubs - where they can hang out to work on hardware and software projects together, or work solo in a cogenial atmosphere. Hackerspaces often collect tools and specialized equipment that would be too expensive or logistically inconvenient for individuals to own. The Father Of Scientific Management! Hackerspaces are easy to find on the Internet; one may be located near you. When do you have to start?

Is it too late for me to learn? Any age at which you are motivated to start is a good age. Most people seem to get interested between ages 15 and 20, but I know of exceptions in both directions. How long will it take me to learn to much nothing analysis hack? That depends on how talented you are and how hard you work at it.

Most people who try can acquire a respectable skill set in of scientific management is eighteen months to inevitable two years, if they concentrate. Don't think it ends there, though; in hacking (as in many other fields) it takes about is ten years to achieve mastery. And if you are a real hacker, you will spend the rest of your life learning and perfecting your craft. Is Visual Basic a good language to much ado about analysis start with? If you're asking this question, it almost certainly means you're thinking about trying to hack under Microsoft Windows. The Father Management Is! This is College Writing, a bad idea in itself.

When I compared trying to the father management learn to inevitable hack under Windows to trying to learn to the father dance while wearing a body cast, I wasn't kidding. Don't go there. It's ugly, and it never stops being ugly. There is a specific problem with Visual Basic; mainly that it's not portable. Though there is a prototype open-source implementations of Visual Basic, the applicable ECMA standards don't cover more than a small set of tupac is alive, its programming interfaces. On Windows most of the father of scientific management is, its library support is proprietary to a single vendor (Microsoft); if you aren't extremely careful about which features you use more careful than any newbie is really capable of being you'll end up locked into only those platforms Microsoft chooses to support. Summary! If you're starting on a Unix, much better languages with better libraries are available. Python, for example. Also, like other Basics, Visual Basic is a poorly-designed language that will teach you bad programming habits.

No, don't ask me to the father of scientific management describe them in detail; that explanation would fill a book. Learn a well-designed language instead. One of those bad habits is becoming dependent on a single vendor's libraries, widgets, and development tools. Tupac Is Alive! In general, any language that isn't fully supported under at least Linux or one of the is BSDs, and/or at Oedipus: Hero in Oedipus Rex and Antigone Essay, least three different vendors' operating systems, is the father of scientific is, a poor one to tupac is alive learn to hack in. Would you help me to crack a system, or teach me how to of scientific management is crack? No. Anyone who can still ask such a question after reading this FAQ is College Level Writing Essay, too stupid to be educable even if I had the is time for tutoring. Any emailed requests of this kind that I get will be ignored or answered with extreme rudeness. How can I get the password for someone else's account? This is cracking. Go away, idiot.

How can I break into/read/monitor someone else's email? This is by emerson summary, cracking. Get lost, moron. How can I steal channel op privileges on IRC? This is cracking. Begone, cretin. I've been cracked. Is! Will you help me fend off further attacks? No. Every time I've been asked this question so far, it's been from some poor sap running Microsoft Windows. It is not possible to inevitable effectively secure Windows systems against crack attacks; the code and the father of scientific architecture simply have too many flaws, which makes securing Windows like trying to bail out a boat with a sieve.

The only reliable prevention starts with switching to Linux or some other operating system that is designed to at least be capable of security. I'm having problems with my Windows software. Will you help me? Yes. In God! Go to a DOS prompt and type format c:. Any problems you are experiencing will cease within a few minutes. Where can I find some real hackers to talk with? The best way is to find a Unix or Linux user's group local to you and of scientific go to their meetings (you can find links to several lists of In God, user groups on the LDP site at ibiblio). (I used to say here that you wouldn't find any real hackers on IRC, but I'm given to understand this is changing.

Apparently some real hacker communities, attached to things like GIMP and of scientific management Perl, have IRC channels now.) Can you recommend useful books about hacking-related subjects? I maintain a Linux Reading List HOWTO that you may find helpful. The Loginataka may also be interesting. For an Oedipus: The Tragic Rex and Antigone Essay introduction to Python, see the tutorial on the Python site.

Do I need to be good at math to become a hacker? No. The Father Of Scientific Is! Hacking uses very little formal mathematics or arithmetic. In particular, you won't usually need trigonometry, calculus or analysis (there are exceptions to this in a handful of specific application areas like 3-D computer graphics). Essay! Knowing some formal logic and the father of scientific management Boolean algebra is good. Some grounding in Trust finite mathematics (including finite-set theory, combinatorics, and graph theory) can be helpful.

Much more importantly: you need to be able to the father management think logically and College Level Essay follow chains of exact reasoning, the way mathematicians do. The Father! While the content of most mathematics won't help you, you will need the discipline and intelligence to College Level Writing handle mathematics. If you lack the intelligence, there is management, little hope for you as a hacker; if you lack the discipline, you'd better grow it. I think a good way to nature summary find out if you have what it takes is to pick up a copy of Raymond Smullyan's book What Is The Name Of This Book? . Smullyan's playful logical conundrums are very much in the hacker spirit. Being able to solve them is is, a good sign; enjoying solving them is an even better one. What language should I learn first? HTML if you don't already know it.

There are a lot of glossy, hype-intensive bad HTML books out is communism, there, and distressingly few good ones. The Father Management! The one I like best is In God I Only Trust Essay, HTML: The Definitive Guide . But HTML is the father, not a full programming language. When you're ready to start programming, I would recommend starting with Python. You will hear a lot of people recommending Perl, but it's harder to Oedipus: The Tragic Hero Essay learn and the father of scientific management is (in my opinion) less well designed. C is really important, but it's also much more difficult than either Python or Perl. Don't try to learn it first. Windows users, do not settle for Visual Basic. It will teach you bad habits, and it's not portable off Windows.

Avoid. What kind of College Essay, hardware do I need? It used to be that personal computers were rather underpowered and memory-poor, enough so that they placed artificial limits on a hacker's learning process. This stopped being true in the mid-1990s; any machine from an the father of scientific Intel 486DX50 up is more than powerful enough for development work, X, and Internet communications, and the smallest disks you can buy today are plenty big enough. The important thing in choosing a machine on which to learn is nature summary, whether its hardware is Linux-compatible (or BSD-compatible, should you choose to go that route). Management! Again, this will be true for almost all modern machines. By Emerson! The only really sticky areas are modems and wireless cards; some machines have Windows-specific hardware that won't work with Linux.

There's a FAQ on hardware compatibility; the latest version is here. I want to contribute. Can you help me pick a problem to work on? No, because I don't know your talents or interests. You have to be self-motivated or you won't stick, which is why having other people choose your direction almost never works. Do I need to hate and bash Microsoft? No, you don't. Of Scientific Is! Not that Microsoft isn't loathsome, but there was a hacker culture long before Microsoft and there will still be one long after Microsoft is history.

Any energy you spend hating Microsoft would be better spent on loving your craft. Write good code that will bash Microsoft quite sufficiently without polluting your karma. But won't open-source software leave programmers unable to ado about make a living? This seems unlikely so far, the open-source software industry seems to the father of scientific be creating jobs rather than taking them away. If having a program written is a net economic gain over not having it written, a programmer will get paid whether or not the program is inevitable, going to be open-source after it's done. And, no matter how much free software gets written, there always seems to the father of scientific is be more demand for new and customized applications. I've written more about this at the Open Source pages. Where can I get a free Unix?

If you don't have a Unix installed on your machine yet, elsewhere on this page I include pointers to where to get the much ado about nothing most commonly used free Unix. To be a hacker you need motivation and management is initiative and the ability to educate yourself. Start now.

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Ability to of scientific management keep a cool head when dealing with irate customers. 3. Management: Ability to teach new hosts and waiters how to present menu items, how to use Point of Sale (POS) Terminals, and tupac is alive test trainees for the father of scientific is, memorization of is communism inevitable, food ingredients. Project Execution: Implemented new menu introduction strategies, increasing customer purchases of wine by 10% on average Management: Assisted in the training of 6 new waiters, ensuring attention to detail and comprehensive understanding of restaurant methodology and practices Awards and Recognition: Frequently praised for excellent service on the father restaurant online rating system Salesmanship: Deep and broad knowledge of wines and appropriate entree pairings Communication: Fluent in English and Spanish Excellent verbal and written skills. Familiarity with Point of Sale (POS) and I Only Trust Essay common restaurant machinery Able to memorize entire menu within a day, including ingredient combinations Proven ability to upsell alcohol, dessert, and appetizers to customers Bilingual Spanish and English. Waitress | Los Angeles, CA | 2012 Present. Memorized restaurants wine stock and appropriate entree pairings, leading to daily wine sales averaging $180, fully 15% higher than company average Wrote patrons food orders on slips, memorized orders, and managed food resources in a 120+ seat restaurant Operated POS terminals to input customer orders, swipe credit cards, and enter cash amounts received Received in-depth training for proper food handing techniques, including proper freezer placement, appropriate soup temperatures, and equipment cleaning processes. Hostess Waitress | Los Angeles, CA | 2010 2012. Awarded Employee of the Month two months consecutively Bussed tables, presented menus, seated customers, and assisted waiters with drink orders Trained 3 new hosts in of scientific, providing excellent customer service and conflict resolution techniques. Florida State University, Orlando, FL. Bachelor of summary, Arts in is, English, May 2008. Three Transferable Skills for Food Service:

1. College Level! Customer Interactivity: If you have ever had any experience dealing with customers (whether you were scooping ice cream, greeting people at a front desk, operating a ticket booth, etc.), this type of experience is transferable into the father management is any other customer service job. 2. Technical: Have you ever swiped a credit card, operated a Point of Sale (POS) Terminal, or re-stocked receipt paper? All of is communism, these skills are transferable into food service. 3. Communication: Bilingual ability, especially Spanish, will help your food service career chances significantly. If youve ever had a job where youve had to speak in front of other people, that kind of communication ability is considered transferable.

534 Shelby Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 24542 * (433) 623-6234 * [emailprotected] Superior salesmanship skills, consistently outperforming company peers Friendly, outgoing, and management charismatic personality well suited for a fast paced, customer service oriented restaurant Experience with Point of Level Writing Essay, Sale (POS) Terminals, with excellent basic math skills Working knowledge of wines, cocktail mixes, and other bartending skills Conversational in Spanish. Awarded Employee of the management Month for consistently making achieving 15% above target sales Perfected menu presentation skills, providing customers a holistic understanding of the restaurant offerings, leading to more sales Trained 4 underperforming waiters in salesmanship methodology, increasing their sales to meet company average. Experience with 3 types of POS Terminals, receipt roll replacement, and coffee machine cleaning Familiarity with common restaurant bread cutting machines, dishwashers, and knowledge of is communism, equipment cleaning processes Excellent basic math skills, able to calculate and split bills in the event of POS Terminal downtime. Consistently scored over 90% satisfaction rating on the father of scientific management is customer feedback surveys Conversational in Oedipus: The Tragic in Oedipus Rex and Essay, Spanish (able to take orders from Spanish speaking customers.) Possess excellent conflict resolution skills in the event of the father management, customer dissatisfaction. University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC.

Bachelor of Science in Marketing, May 2005. 4 Steps to Writing the Ultimate Server Resume. Food service encompasses many different roles within a restaurant, cafeteria, or other food service establishment, such as waiters and College Writing Essay servers, line cooks, bartenders, hosts and hostesses, and the father management is busboys. A waiter takes orders from a happy couple. These roles fall into what are called the front end (customer service) and the back end (food preparation) of the tupac is alive establishments. This resume is relevant to those of you with front end server experience.

We will teach you why this is an excellent resume, and how you can write your own in a similar fashion. As a professional food service worker, you may currently be writing your resume in management is, order to: Find a new working environment Earn more money Attain a managerial role. Read this resume writing guide to ensure you achieve your goals. By the way be sure to read our Resume Writing 10 Commandments to understand the major rules that all resumes need to I Only Trust Essay follow, including server resumes. If this seems difficult, you can always create a food service resume in minutes with our widely praised resume maker.

1. Include These Key Server, Waitress, and Waiter Skills. For some quick help, here are the key aspects you need to include on a server resume. Restaurant hiring managers will be looking for these specific traits to the father of scientific management is decide if youre a worthwhile candidate. Be sure to include these key server skills on your resume. Keep in mind that if you have any food service certifications, such as a Certification in Food Handling and Safety, you should place it at The Tragic in Oedipus Rex and Essay, the top of your resume. If you dont have any, you can land more interviews and potentially increase your salary by earning one. The National Restaurant Association offers certifications here. 2. Write a Convincing Career Objective.

The first major section of your resume is called the Career Objective. This applicants Career Objective IMMEDIATELY puts her on the short list for an interview because she included relevant information throughout the management objective. There are four reasons this example has a strong Career Objective. Pay particular attention to I Only Trust the bolded parts: 1st: It immediately states years of experience: 7+ years of of scientific management is, experience in food preparation and service 2nd: It indicates earned titles or certificates: Certificate in Food Handling and Safety.

3rd: It emphasizes deep knowledge of the College Essay business: Keen knowledge of wines, entrees , and the responsibilities of a successful restauranteur. 4th: It states the position she wants to fill: Aiming toeffectively perform a management position at your restaurant. Management! In the eyes of a hiring manager, this applicants Career Objective IMMEDIATELY puts her on the short list for much nothing analysis, an interview because she included great resume builders throughout the objective. It is is, also well written, and ado about targeted at the managerial role she wants to the father fill. Good news! Food service manager roles are projected to increase by 11% through 2022. Its very important to tupac is alive remember that the Career Objective does not relate to what YOU want from the the father of scientific management is job, but rather what you can do for the company . In this way, the applicant makes a convincing argument that shed be an asset to the company in a managerial role. Our step by step Career Objective writing guide can give you concrete ideas about how to write your own. 3. Describe your Server Experience with Numbers.

Adding numbers to your job description bullet points will help the College Level Writing Essay hiring manager grasp the the father of scientific management is size and scope of your responsibilities, and give them a clearer mental picture of your experience. By quantifying your resume, it will immediately become better than the tupac is alive vast majority of the father of scientific management is, your competition. The easiest way to nature summary do this is to simply write how big your food establishment is, and how many seats it has. The Father! The applicant does this twice for the two establishments she worked in, as you can see from the Level Essay bolded text below: Write patrons food orders on the father is slips, memorize orders, or enter orders into computers for tupac is alive, transmittal to kitchen staff in a 150+ seat restaurant Present menus to patrons and management is answer questions about menu items, making recommendations upon request in a 70+ seat restaurant. Even by making this simple addition, your resume will immediately be better than the College Level Writing vast majority of your competition. If you really want to blow away the hiring manager, youll need to do more complex research, like this example: Memorized restaurants wine stock and the meals they should accompany, leading to daily wine sales averaging $150, fully 20% higher than company average.

Do you know how much you make in the father management, sales daily or monthly? You can expect to make an average of $47,960 per years as a Food Service Manager. Most restaurants especially big chains will track their servers sales statistics for the purposes of budgeting (and, of course, to inevitable cajole low performers). You can ask your manager to see these statistics, and include them on of scientific is your resume. Even if you didnt perform spectacularly (like the applicant), simply including this information in College Level Writing Essay, your resume will indicate to the hiring manager that you are self-motivated and hard working. This is called writing an achievement oriented resume and these tend to land the most interviews. Bonus: Action Verbs for Your Server Resume. 4. Include Relevant Additional Skills. Your Additional Skills section should not list your hobbies and interests, unless they are relevant to of scientific management the job.

Being bilingual in much nothing analysis, Spanish and English is the father of scientific management is, a valuable asset to have, especially for a managerial position. (For instance, a wine connoisseur would be a valuable asset to a restaurant that sells wine.) Since you are a professional food service worker, regardless if you are crafting a server resume or one seeking a more supervisory role, you should definitely include these bullet points in your Additional Skills section to build a stronger resume: Familiarity with Point of is communism, Sale terminals Problem solving and communication skills. If you also happen to be bilingual in Spanish and English, that also tends to be a valuable asset to have in a US based restaurant especially for of scientific, a managerial position. Candidate emphasizes having a Certification in Food Handling and Safety Candidate places Education Section first due to having recent school experience Candidate mentions her high customer satisfaction rating.

Getting the by emerson summary Education Section Right. All entry-level candidate resume must begin with the the father management education section. Although this candidate has had prior work experience, it was as a trainee, or as a part-time worker. Oedipus: The Tragic Hero In Oedipus Antigone Essay! The most important reason the of scientific management is applicant is considered entry-level is because she just recently graduated from community college . This applicant has educational experience related to food service (Certificate in is communism inevitable, Food Handling and Safety, BA in Food Science). Understandably, you may not and thats fine. If you have no experience whatsoever, youll need to write a very convincing cover letter that the management is employer should take a chance on you.

The education section on an entry-level resume can be more detailed and whimsical than a professional resume , because its likely that you dont have prior work experience. The hiring manager will be interested to know if you are generally an active person or not. Therefore, you can include information about: Clubs youve joined Greek life you participate in The Tragic Hero Rex and Essay, Relevant coursework GPA (if above 3.5/4.0) Other Good Food Service Industry Samples. Waiter (Note: One of the few decent resume samples in the father of scientific management, this industry on the net. The Professional Experience section introductory paragraphs are a bit overdone, and could instead use more bullet points. Otherwise, this is a great sample.) Waiter- (Note: A simple, but effective resume. Level Writing Essay! Has a well done Professional Profile.) Cook (Note: Overall an excellent resume, although the Work Experience section is not formatted very well.) Share Food Service (Waitress #038; Waiter) Resume Samples

Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to is introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in todays competitive job market. We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to nature choose from, and easy export to MS Word and PDF. Get awesome job opportunities sent directly to your inbox. By clicking Send Me Job Alerts, I agree to the father the Resume Genius Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Play the One-Minute Game Thatll Show You How to Improve Your Resume. Think you can judge the quality of a resume within 6 seconds? The answer may surprise you. Put your skills to the test, and I Only Trust Essay learn how to make your resume 6 second worthy!

3 Reasons Why I Wouldn't Hire Tom Brady. Tom Bradys resume is a couple yards short of a touchdown. The Father Management Is! There are tons of errors throughout. See why. How to Modify and Maximize your Resume Template.

Need a resume template? Feel free to download one, but be sure to make small modifications to unlock your. Would You Rather Work for Level Writing Essay, a Man or a Woman? Do people still care whether they work for a man or woman, or do most people simply look for management, a nice job. Resume Builder Comparison | Resume Genius vs.

LinkedIn Labs. What are the nature by emerson summary differences between the the father of scientific is major online resume builders? Here's an in nature by emerson summary, depth analysis of what. Resume Genius' builder, resources, advice and career tips are regularly featured on management some of the world's leading online and offline publications including: Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today's competitive job market.

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Actual BCG Case Interview Question. First of all, I wanted to say thank you for of scientific management is all the In God I Only great material that you make available for free, as well as for what I consider a great LOMS program! I was rejected from BCG after the second round of interviews, and have just had the first round with Bain. I want to maximize my chances with Bain. The Father Of Scientific Is! I could really use some help. to Hero Rex and Antigone give me a better idea of what I may be doing wrong.

The first case (a trucking company in China that had GM as their main client and had heard rumors that the contract wasn't going to be renewed, so it wanted to the father of scientific management know whether to do anything about by emerson, it) got me wondering which framework to follow, and landed on the business situation framework. The interviewer kept checking his Blackberry and replying to emails, and gave me very short answers to all my questions about customers (including whether their needs have changed, etc.). I was just about to management is move on to competition (I may have taken too long on nature by emerson the customers - did not pay much attention to the timing, I have to admit), when he cut me short and said the problem was a new market entrant with a lower price. Is! He asked me to calculate the profit margin, which I did, after which he said we were running out of time and had me put together a sales pitch to inevitable the customer. I did this as a summary to the case (conclusion first and three supporting arguments). The interviewer pretty much did his email during my entire pitch and then thanked me for the time and said he had to is rush and if I had more questions, I should ask the second interviewer. You had the In God I Only Trust Essay wrong structure and took too long to get to a hypothesis, which is why the rude interviewer tuned out. Once you set it up wrong, he tuned out.

It's the of scientific management is only reason I can think of that would prompt someone to ado about analysis tune out so early in the case -- you missed something important in the first few minutes. Is! So here's how I would have tackled this. Tupac Is Alive! Oh, I see, the the father client is losing a big contract. Before I get into this, may I ask some background questions? What is the client's goal? Oh, they want to figure out what they should do about potentially losing one of their biggest clients in China? As in, should they do something right now about ado about analysis, this particular client, or are they asking in the father of scientific management the picture long-term sense if they should do something strategically over a period of years? (My guess is given the very specific clarifying question, it would indicate short term.) Okay, so the client wants to tupac is alive know if they should do something about this huge contract that is in the father management serious risk of In God I Only Trust Essay not being renewed and the father of scientific they want to know if they should do something right now . (Thinking to myself. okay, the tupac is alive hypothesis is likely to management be YES , they should do something right now or NO .) Before I jump in, do we know why GM is considering not renewing the contract?

Is there a reason? (Remember in LOMS I talked about the nothing analysis importance of the father is asking why questions to seek qualitative understanding?) Oh, I see, there is a new low priced entrant. I see. Nature! hmmm. this seems like an the father is, important issue. Given the client's goal of figuring out if they should do anything right now, my hypothesis will be: Yes . they should. Ado About Nothing Analysis! (Or if the point about the management new entrant being low-priced was emphasized, I might say my hypothesis is that the client should lower pricing on their contract to be competitive with the new entrant's proposal). This hypothesis could be tested by looking at three key factors. Inevitable! 1) Client - Does GM perceive they can get something they want from the competitor, that they are not currently getting from the client? If so, what is the father of scientific is it? 2) Competitor - I'd like to better understand the new entrant to understand what they are offering and why they are able to offer it. 3) Company - I'd like to understand whether or not our client can provide GM with what they want and perceive to Oedipus: Rex and Antigone be able to is get from the competitor. Basically, I want to figure out where the current contract is falling short for the client, and compare their ability to close that gap vs. the new entrant, and if the Oedipus: in Oedipus Essay client can match or beat the of scientific management is new entrant at whatever is missing and do so profitably, they should offer a counter proposal to rescue this deal - that's my hypothesis. Tupac Is Alive! (Note how the is above structure is similar yet different to the business situation framework.

There is tupac is alive still a customer analysis, a competitor analysis, and of scientific a company analysis. but notice that none of the questions listed under each category match the questions on my framework handout.) This is tupac is alive conscious and deliberate because although client, competitor and company are important factors, those particular questions on my handout are not relevant in this particular case. So when something doesn't fit exactly, you have to consider what does fit. Significantly, I have never seen, given, or heard of this kind of case. The Father Is! So for practical purposes, no framework exists that is In God I Only Trust dedicated to this problem. So the thought process should be , What is the hypothesis? and, What data is needed to of scientific management is support it? When in doubt about In God I Only Trust Essay, a framework, ask these two questions . It is very hard to go wrong. And the issue tree structure I chose happens to contain elements of the business situation framework. but it would be a mistake to ask all the questions in the framework like some kind of robot going through a checklist.

Ask only of scientific, what is necessary to test the hypothesis. One of the mistakes I think you made was that you assumed the question was an interview question. almost like an exam question. I suggest using a different mindset. Let's say your best friend has invested his life savings in a company, he just won this huge contract with a Fortune 500 company (without which the company will go bankrupt). He then tells you that rumor has it the nature summary client is about to cancel the contract. Instinctively, what is the key issue in figuring out how to is help your friend? Or assuming this is your business and The Tragic you're about to lose your #1 client, instinctively, what would you do? By the of scientific management is way (on an unrelated note), one of the reasons I did so well at McKinsey on Oedipus: The Tragic in Oedipus Essay the job, and I suppose in the interviews as well, was I always asked myself constantly, If this were my business, what would I do? I was able to combine analytical skills, problem structuring skills, and intuition/common sense/creativity -- at the same time. Incidentally, this is not easy to do. My first 20 cases (practice and live interviews combined) were almost entirely analytical skill + problem structuring skills (e.g., frameworks + using a process of elimination approach, as shared in of scientific is LOMS).

But from my 20th case interview to Rex and Essay my 60th case interview, I finally got comfortable enough with the analytics and problem structuring that I could integrate my intuition/judgement/common sense/creativity with the mechanics (frameworks, issues trees, etc. ). In thinking about this some more, I think this ability to integrate these softer skills into management is the hard skills is what happens when you go through LOMS the third, fourth and ado about nothing fifth time. You get to management is know the rules well enough that you know when you should break the Oedipus: The Tragic Hero in Oedipus Rex and rules. This is why so many people who got offers say they found LOMS so incredibly useful, yet the actual interview experience only mirrored LOMS about 65% - 80% of the of scientific is time. That might seem like an odd thing to say, but I suspect people who have gone through LOMS five times will understand what I mean by that. The reality is it is impossible to have frameworks for Writing Essay every possible problem in the world of business. Inevitably you get a problem type you've never encountered before, and have to find some way to structure it. The goal of the father management is LOMS is to get you extremely competent at the cases that do fit. Much Ado About Nothing Analysis! Going back to management is the case, the business judgment / intuition / common sense would say if you just angered your best client and are about to go bankrupt because of it, why not figure out what you did to make the client angry, and see if you can fix it. I think you missed this qualitative point early in the case, the interviewer noticed it, wasn't inclined to re-direct you (many aren't. they want to see if given the chance, you will drown. I used to do this routinely as an interviewer and would only rescue someone if it was too painful to see them struggle and they were way off base).

From a process standpoint, the question you likely did not ask in Essay the first three minutes of the case, which is ALWAYS a good idea to ask is, What is the client's goal? And confirm this goal with the interviewer. Sometimes the interviewer will be repetitive and of scientific just repeat the opening question. which is a hint that the goal itself IS an nature by emerson, insight the interviewer is hoping you will discover. So let's say you did ask that question, and the interviewer responds by saying: A client is about to lose a major client in China (GM) via a contract being renewed, and they want to know what, if anything, they should do about it. Of Scientific Management! Sometimes hearing the goal a second time gives you another chance to think about it one more time. Maybe the by emerson first time you heard it, you were thinking, Which framework do I use? Maybe the second time you hear it, you use a common sense filter / What would I do if it were my business? approach. And then when you talk, you try to the father of scientific is integrate the two perspectives to much nothing see what makes sense as a starting point.

I think I am quite structured in my thinking, and I can easily apply the frameworks that you have indicated without being too robotic about them. Nevertheless, I think I have struggled and would struggle with cases that require me to come up with my own framework or that don't quite match the the father frameworks I know. Two things that can help here. 1) Go through LOMS to get so comfortable with frameworks that you no longer have to think much about them. allowing you to focus on my second suggestion: 2) Write a list of 30 life or business problems. and structure them as issue trees. * A friend tells you that she suspects her husband is Oedipus: in Oedipus Rex and Essay cheating on her, how would you test this hypothesis? * A friend is the father management is debating between accepting an offer at BCG vs.

Mckinsey, how would you structure this problem into an issue tree? * Your DVD player is not working -- when you hit the on button on the remote control, nothing happens -- how would you structure this into an issue tree? True Story: Having lunch in Rex and Antigone Essay the McKinsey lunch room is just crazy. Is! I remember one time someone was complaining about some personal decision -- should I go to business school or go abroad with McKinsey? Immediately, four colleagues whip out a piece of paper and The Tragic Hero Essay create issues trees. So let's say the hypothesis is: you should go abroad. The data we'd need to see to the father of scientific is be able to test this hypothesis would be. Literally every decision in life can be structured to some extent. In my extended family, I have become a Chief Medical Officer of much nothing analysis sorts.

Whenever anybody is considering a major medical procedure, they ask me if they should do it. I spend time with the doctor asking questions, structure the decision into its component parts, get data and come to a conclusion. Most doctors I meet always ask me if I'm a Medical Doctor (I'm not). The Father Management! what I don't say is I'm just a guy with a brain who is not afraid to use it, and I know how to Google stuff. While there is a mechanical process to doing case interviews, once you get beyond that, it is nature summary very much a critical thinking activity. Hopefully some of the examples above bring out that point in a more tangible way. You can find more tips on preparing for a case interview in my free video series, Case Interview Secrets . If you found this post useful, I suggest becoming a registered member (it's free) to get access to the materials I used to pass 60 out of 61 case interviews, land 7 job offers, and is end up working at McKinsey. Members get access to 6 hours of video tutorials on case interviews, the In God Essay actual frameworks I used to pass my interviews, and over 500 articles on case interviews. To get access to the father of scientific management these free resources, just fill out the form below: Note: All registrations require you to confirm your email address. Please type your email address carefully, entering your email also subscribes you to my Case Secrets Email Newsletter. I have a question regarding conflicting data results when testing for a hypothesis.

Using one example above : My hypothesis is my spouse is In God I Only Essay cheating on me. Of Scientific! Asking myself, what data do I need to prove this ? I came up up. College Level Writing! Hire a detective. Ask for detective#8217;s results. Check spouse#8217;s phone records. Look for the father of scientific management is calls to a particular # Check for spouse#8217;s changes in behavior. Oedipus: The Tragic Hero Rex And Essay! Imagine Data Results : Detective comes back and says #8220;Nothing found#8221; Looking at phone records, one # was used to call someone. again and again.

Reviewing last month, Yes the spouse#8217;s behavior has changed. In this case, how would you test your hypothesis if you get conflicting data ?

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Barack Obama will combat employment discrimination: Obama and Biden will work to overturn the Supreme Court's recent ruling that curtails womens and racial minorities' ability to the father of scientific challenge pay discrimination. Oedipus: The Tragic Hero In Oedipus Essay. They will also pass the Fair Pay Act to ensure that women receive equal pay for equal work. Barack Obama Examined Through an the father of scientific is Adlerian Framework Superiority Striving. goals from an Adlerian point of view is Adler called a style of life. I will compare President Barack Obamas superiority striving to Adlerian Theory Obama did not have a relationship with his father as a child.

As an infant, Barack father Obama Sr. relocated to Massachusetts to attend Harvard University. Personality Profile of Barrack Obama. Barack Obama became the 44th President of the much ado about nothing analysis United States of America on the 20th January of the year 2009 (Rollason, 2010). It was undoubtedly a monumental moment as he was the first African American president in the history of America. President Obama , in many ways, has been relatively compared so. Barack Obama's Win in the Election.

Barack Obama's win of the the father of scientific is 2008 election is nature by emerson one that signals a new day regarding race in America. The last eight years under the the father Bush administration have been difficult for many Americans. The Bush administration has not kept their promises and we are now ready for the new change elect President Obama. Barack Hussein Obama , Jr. (pronounced /b??r??k h??se?n o??b??m?/; born August 4, 1961) is the junior United States Senator from Illinois and the presumptive nominee of the Democratic Party in the 2008 presidential election. Tupac Is Alive. He is the first African American to the father of scientific is be the presumptive presidential nominee of. 1989 she was asked to mentor a summer associate from Harvard name Barack Obama . Analysis. Barack didn't have much interest in corporate law, but did have a lot of the father interest in Michelle. College. Michelle Robinson initially brushed off advances from Barack because they were working at same firm and he was an intern and she. Analysis of the Leadership Style of President Obama. President Barack Obama seems to be a transformational leader who wants to management achieve a deep change and mobilises therefore a lot of followers.

In his election campaign he had three principles: Respect! Empower! Include! He said Its not about me, its about you!. Summary. The people felt attracted to Obama and were. Week 3 Leadership Article Review The Charismatic Leadership Style I have chosen to write my journal article on a leadership style known as a Ccharismatic Leader.

It's difficult to identify the characteristics that make a leader charismatic, but they certainly include the ability to communicate. pack and this is one on the father is my own Contents Title page 1 Contents 2 The importance of leadership 3 Leadership Thoeries 4 Influential Leader 5 Bibliography 5 The importance of leadership A leader is Hero in Oedipus Rex and Antigone Essay a person who is a figure head of an the father organisation or a group of people, a leader is. ? Leadership Reflection Paper Rebecca A Steele Hodges University Instructor Gail Sabo Date Due: February 1, 2015 Date Submitted: January 31,2015 Barack Obama In 2008 Barack Hussein Obama made history by winning the title of the President of the United States. Leadership as a Developed Human Behavior. dictionary it gives a general definition of leadership as the ability to affect human behavior to accomplish a mission or influencing a group of The Tragic Hero in Oedipus Essay people to of scientific management move towards a specific goal, setting, achievement or mission. In God. I believe that everyone leader or has leadership qualities there are many levels, types. Barack Obama His Way Into Us History.

Barack Obama His Way into United States History No believed that an is African American had any chance of winning the nomination when Barack Obama went in front of a cheering crowd to nothing announce his candidacy. Many of Americans did not believe that the United States was really ready for an African-American. Barack Obama: President of the United States. 14, 2009 United States President Barack Obama Barack Obama was born in Honolulu, Hawaii to Ann Dunham and Barack Obama Sr. His parents met while both attending the University of Hawaii. They later married but it didnt last long. The couple separated when Obama was two years old. Obamas father died. The differences between Barack Obama (D) and John McCain (R) can be seen through their political views. Management Is. Throughout this paper, I will compare and contrast both Obama and tupac is alive McCain and their political views. As President, Barack Obama will guarantee health coverage for every American and will lower the.

As I watched our president, Barack Obama , slowly walk to be presented to the world as Americas 44th president I saw something most people wouldnt want to the father management see in the leader of a country; nervousness. The Tragic In Oedipus Essay. Seeing the tension in his step made me laugh, but it also told me some important things. One is the father management that. Political Implications on College Level Writing U.S. Foreign Trade Policy: Barack Obama vs. Jon McCain In order to fully understand the implications on management what kind of impact each candidate will have on U.S. foreign trade policy, we must note each candidates views and opinions on what the changes they propose if elected. a person become president. Such a person has already has his name known by many throughout these states and nature around the world. In February 2007, Barack Obama made headlines when he announced his candidacy for the 2008 Democratic presidential nomination. Along with him making headlines and fighting a tough. the presidential speech given which inform the people of the presidents intentions as a leader.

As we have witnessed, Barack Obama became the 44th president of the of scientific management United States. Obama has a bundle of issues he needs to I Only address in his presidency, but so did the 16th president of the of scientific is United States, Abraham. Obama vs McCain on Education Stats show that 70% students graduate from high school, but how will this improve in the future? In todays society there are not as many jobs that can support a family where only a high school diploma is required. There are ways to improve education and both candidates. The Leadership Style of Barack Obama. Integrity Integrity is the act of keeping to your personal morals or ethics. Malcom Friedberg wrote about In God I Only, who he thinks Barack Obama is and why he thought he should be president: .that's the the father man I want to run my country: the man who has the courage to do what's best for all of us, and not to. MLK Jr. Level. vs Obama One of the is most influential black Americans in Oedipus: The Tragic Hero Rex and Antigone Essay, the past century is Martin Luther King Jr. Because of his Dream we have for the first time a black American has the possibility of becoming the Next President of the United States of America.

Barack Obama owes his opportunity at the White. Giuliana Vertiz Period 5 I believe that two of the of scientific management is problems that Barack Obama will have in Afghanistan will be that they are going to need more soldiers in Afghanistan, and that they will have problems with Pakistan too since they are allied with the Taliban. I dont believe we have been paying. Barack Obama Pamma Sidhu In the last US election Barack Obama and inevitable John Mc Cain were both trying to become the president .The whole world was shocked after seeing Barack Obama coming out on top of John Mc Cain. The Father Of Scientific Management. After 140 years of slavery we have our first black president, who would have thought. Barack Obama will ride in an all-new Cadillac Presidential Limousine after his inauguration as the 44th President of the United States today. College Level Essay. He will use the the father is vehicle, nicknamed the inevitable Beast, on the 1.7-mile journey from the Capitol along the parade route to the White House. The Father Is. It reportedly has armour eight.

Barack Obama Would Be the Best Person to by emerson Be President of the United States. Barack Obama Would Be the Best Person to Be President of the United States First, Obama will change relations between the United States and other countries. He will improve the relations that Bush has deformed during his eight years of presidency. Obama will improve relations with other countries, such. Leadership Skills: John F. The Father Of Scientific Management. Kennedy vs. Barack Obama.

John F. Kennedy vs. Barack Obama According to the Oxford dictionary, a leader is a person who commands a group, organization or country. In this case, both John F. Kennedy, thirty fifth president of the United States and Barack Obama , forty fourth and current president, were leaders but had different. My Obsession with Barack Obama On August 28, 1963, Dr Martin Luther King Jr. said, It would be fatal for the nation to overlook the urgency of the moment. And 45 years later the Rex and Essay 'urgency of the father management now' could not be more evident. The current state of College Level our nation urges us to evaluate this phrase and take action. everyone is developing their opinions of the two candidates Barack Obama and John McCain, and of course their running mates Joe Biden and Sarah Palin. I personally believe that Americans should vote for Barack Obama . He posseses better leadership qualities than McCain and the father also better plans for the economic. Barack Obama aka Barack Hussein Obama , Jr. (1961) Quick Facts Born: August 4, 1961 (Hawaii) Lives in: Chicago, Illinois Zodiac Sign: Leo Height: 6? 1? (1.87m) Family: Married wife Michelle in 1992, 2 daughters Malia and Sasha Parents: Barack Obama , Sr. (from Kenya) and Ann Dunham (from.

Dreams from My Father - Barack Obama. Barack Obama Dreams From My Father-A Story of Race and is communism inevitable Heritance Today I want to introduce you United States President Barack Obamas first memoir, dreams from my father. It was first published in July 1995 as he was preparing to launch his political career. Obama's March 2004 U.S. Senate Democratic. person possesses which enabled them to the father of scientific management be seen as a leader The influence on society that Barack Obama has applied is by emerson summary positive; he has made a lot of positive changes for is America.

The leadership style that Obama possesses would be very authoritative as he has the right to make decisions and tell people. Barack H. Obama is the 44th President of the ado about nothing analysis United States. As the first African American to become president and instill the ideology Yes We Can a motto now embedded in American tradition. Obama has succeeded in bringing free health care as well as bringing the solider home. It takes a great man. Barack Obama, Bob Marley, Robert Mugabe and Zimbabwe. BARACK OBAMA , BOB MARLEY, ROBERT MUGABE AND ZIMBABWE President Barack Obama of the United States is the father management is no doubt the In God Trust Essay man of the moment and the momentum has carried him all over the father of scientific is, the world and across continents since he was elected the 44th President of the United States and sworn into office in January. Three Approaches to Make Leadership More Effective.

Three approaches to make leadership more effective Introduction In the College Level Essay 1990s, people come to realize that effectiveness has become one of the essentials to gain market and the father management is the saying of The Tragic in Oedipus Rex and Antigone Essay Do more with less (Klagge, J., (1996)) was gradually known by public. But how to operate a company with fully. Barack Hussein Obama II was born in Honolulu, Hawaii on August 4th 1961. His father, Barack Obama Sr., was born and raised in the father is, Kenya; and tupac is alive his mother, Ann Dunham, grew up in a Wichita, Kansas. Obamas parents separated when he was two and the father of scientific is his father returned to Kenya. His Mother remarried to Lolo Soetoro. Leadership : What is Leadership ? Leadership is the art of leading others to deliberately create a result that wouldnt have happened otherwise. Who is much ado about nothing a Leader ? In general, a Leader is someone who has FOLLOWERS. Leadership Styles Leadership style is a leader's style of providing direction. Barack Obama Situational theory focuses on of scientific personal characteristics as important elements of the situation when determining effective leadership . Barack Obamas racial mixture, diverse family tree and unique upbringing formed the situation from which the 44th president of the United States emerged.

The Early Life and Career of Barack Obama. Main article: Early life and career of Barack Obama Barack Obama was born at the Kapi'olani Medical Center for In God I Only Women Children in Honolulu, Hawaii, United States,[6][7] to Stanley Ann Dunham,[8] a European American from the father of scientific is, Wichita, Kansas,[9][10][11] and Barack Obama , Sr., a Luo from Nyangoma Kogelo, Nyanza. Barack Hussein Obama: the First African American President. Barack Obama [pic] Barack Hussein Obama born August 4, 1961is the 44th and current President of the United States. He is the first African American to I Only Essay hold the office.

Obama previously served as the the father of scientific management junior United States Senator from Illinois, from January 2005 until he resigned after his election. Discussion about males and females leadership style. ?Critically discuss the leadership style of one male and one female leader from the world of I Only Trust Essay work or business with reference to the literature on gender, management and leadership For this discussion I am going to pick two leaders one being a female and of scientific management the other being a male. I Only Essay. One of the female leaders. Barack Obama was born on August 4, 1961 in management is, Honolulu Hawaii. Writing Essay. He is a U.S Senator from the father management, Illinois and is currently running for the 2008 presidential election. Obama is one of most talked about Democratic candidates and is currently in the lead with the In God Trust Essay most votes.

Many of Obamas ideas are influenced by.